1. What jobs in your country are popular or unpopular with young people?
2. Is it easy for young people in your country to find the kind of jobs they want? Why/ why not?
3. What factors (e.g. salary, opportunities for travel or promotion, working hours) would you take into account in choosing a career for yourself?
4. Sometimes people are not paid well enough for the job that they do (e.g. nurses) while other people (e.g. successful businessmen) earn enormous salaries. In your opinion, which jobs are underpaid and which are overpaid in your country?
2. Match the description to the relevant name of a profession in brackets below. Give your reasons.
a. This profession requires special education. The person should be kindhearted, careful, courageous, sensitive to the needs of others; should be sympathetic to the pain of other people; should be very handy, devoted to his (her) duty and selfless.
b. This profession requires special education; the person should be kind, generous, strict, and just; should love children; should possesses deep and broad knowledge of the subject; should be responsive, honest, tactful, patient, and tolerant.
c. This profession requires special qualities; the person should be careful; should have quick reactions; should have good vision and hearings; should know and observe the traffic rules; should be a good mechanic.
d. This profession needs the following qualities: the ability to foresee, to analyze and to risk, the ability to keep promises, the person should be disciplined, well behaved, communicative; should know foreign languages; to be a good psychologist.
E.g. A doctor should be able to cope in a crises because in some cases he has very little time to save a patient’s life.He also should be knowledgeable because a patient’s health depends on the way he is treated.
Patient, skillful, open-minded, organized, understanding, calm, imaginative, logical, creative, knowledgeable, kind, confident, good at public speaking, able to analyse and select relevant facts, able to cope in a crises, good communication skills, able to work under pressure, sense of humour, polite, tolerant, possess deep and broad knowledge of the subject, work under pressure, hardworking, strict, just, responsible, honest, tactful, devoted to his (her) duty.
Read the text and answer the questions:
1. What subjects do you study at the Law Faculty?
2. The profession of a lawyer is quite diversified, isn't it?
3. Where can one work after graduating from the Law Faculty?
4. What problems do lawyers have to solve?
5. What are lawyer's duties?
6. On what principles is justice exercised in our country?
7. What's the main court's mission?
8. What do you know about court proceeding?
My future profession
I’m a second year student of the Altai Academy of Economics and Law. I study at the Law Faculty. I’ll become a professional lawyer.
To become a good lawyer one must know much. So at the Academy we study various general and special subjects: Roman Law, Labour Law, Family Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law. But my favorite branches of law are Civil Law, Criminal Law and Law of Procedure.
The graduates of our faculty can work in different state and private organizations, such as Prosecutor’s office, courts, Police, Customs service, Tax inspectorate, Legal Aid Offices, state administration of different levels. My groupmates will work as investigators, prosecutors, judges, defence counsels, legal consultants and notaries.
I think that now the profession of a lawyer is one of the most important in the law-governed state. Lawyers solve many legal problems. The lawyers protect the rights and legal interests of citizens and legal entities. The duty of lawyers is not only to investigate offenses and punish people for various crimes. They must do their best to prevent crimes. They should help those people who committed an error to find the right road in their life.
As for me, I want to become a defence counsel. It’s a special kind of lawyers. A defence counsel is licensed to prepare and either prosecute or defend a court action as an agent for a lay person. He also gives advice on legal matters that may or may not require court action. The defence counsel applies the law to specific cases. He investigates the facts and the evidence. Then he prepares and files the pleadings in court. But the most interesting work is in the court. At the trial he introduces evidence, interrogates witnesses and argues questions of law and fact. It’s so challenging. If the defence counsel does not win the case, he may apply to an appellate court. In many cases, the lawyer can bring about the settlement of a case without trial through negotiation.
1. Match the words to their definitions: lawyer, notary, trial, investigator, court, evidence, legal consultant, prosecutor, legal entity, judge.
1. a legal process in which a judge and often a jury in a court of law examine information to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime
2. someone whose job is to hear cases and make decisions in a court of law
3. someone whose job is to advise people about laws, write formal agreements, or represent people in court
4. a place where trials take place and legal cases are decided,especially in front of a judge and a jury or a magistrate
5. information that is given in a court of law in order to prove that someone is guilty or not guilty
6. a person whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty
7. an individual or group that is allowed by law to take legal action, as plaintiff or defendant. It may include natural persons as well as fictitious persons (such as corporations).
8. someone who has the legal authority to make a document official
9. person whose job is to officially find out the facts aboutsomething, especially a crime or an accident
10. an expert or a professional person whose job is to give help and advice on legal matters
2. Give the right word to form a collocation: to give, to protect, to interrogate, to solve, to punish, to apply, to investigate, to prevent. Use these collocations in the sentences of your own.
3. Fill in the right words from the Vocabulary list.
1. Police are … possible links between the murders.
2. The rules are intended …accidents.
3. His duty is to … … of the empoyees.
4. The police … … for several hours.
5. We can help you … your financial problems.
6. He refused togive… at the trial.
7. We've reached an agreement … ….
8. The defendant has a right to afair….
9. My parents used to …me by not letting me watch TV.
10. For ten years he has been fighting to … his innocence.
11. A police officer told the … that he had seen Brown leaving the house.
12. The study aims to find out what makes people … crimes.
Speaking and Discussion.
1. Answer the questions.
1. Do you think there are equal opportunities in your country in the world of work? Why / why not?
2. Are the job opportunities that are open to you today the same as the job opportunities your parents / grandparents had?
3. Do you think the world of work is changing? Why / why not?
2.Complete the following sentences.
My ideal job is…
I think going to work every day is… because…
To get a job it’s necessary…
The most important factors when choosing a job are…
The least important factors when choosing a job are…