Ex. 1. Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence.
1. When did you last go/have you last been to the cinema?
2. We’d better wait here until the rain stops/will stop.
3. I’ve finished my exams, so I’m having/I have a party tomorrow.
4. Why do you stare/are you staring at me like that? – You look/are looking beautiful today.
5. When the phone rang I had/was having coffee in the kitchen.
6. I can’t go out because I haven’t finished/I didn’t finish my homework yet.
7. How long are you working/have you been working here?
8. I’m waiting for Kate. Have you seen/Did you see her?
9. Your suitcase looks very heavy. Will I/Shall I help you?
10. When I was a child, I used to ride/was riding a tricycle.
11. What do you do/are you doing? – I’m a student.
12. When we arrived home, it already stopped/had stopped raining and the children sat/weresitting outside the door waiting for us.
13. At the beginning of the film I realized that I saw/had seen it before.
14. I’m sorry, I can’t talk long. I study/am studying for an examination.
15. I stay/am staying at the Hotel Superior. Why don’t you call me?
16. ‘What did you do/were you doing when you saw the snake?’ – I ran away!
17. I’m sorry I haven’t written/I didn’t write to you lately, but I’ve been working/worked hard this term.
18. When I was on holiday last summer, I was going/ went to the beach every day and lie/waslying in the sun since morning till afternoon.
19. The last bus had gone/went so I made/did my way on foot.
20. Are the banks open/opened today? – No, all the banks are close/closed today.
Ex. 2.Express the same idea using the words suggested so that a new sentence had a similar meaning to the first one.
1. In the middle of my meal, the telephone rang (while).
2. I’m sorry, but Mrs White isn’t here (go out).
3. I last saw David in 1990 (since 1990).
4. Are you free tomorrow evening? (do)
5. I have come to stay with you for the weekend. (stay)
6. What’s your usual time of arrival at school? (When?)
7. My niece started playing tennis six months ago. (for six months)
8. I’ll wait here until it stops raining (when… leave)
9. Do you need any help with your suitcase? (Shall …?)
10. I’m not very good at this game. (play)
11. You are always late! (never come)
12. I’ll be too busy to meet you tomorrow (I think/ … not meet)
13. I started working three years ago. (for three years).
14. Hurry up! We’ll get to the theatre after the beginning of the play. (By the time …).
15. Oh no! My wallet is missing. (Oh, no! …lose )
16. Our meeting is tomorrow. (have/ tomorrow)
17. Do you know how to drive this kind of car? (before)
18. I haven’t been to the cinema for two months. (ago)
19. We have never flown in helicopter before. (This is the first time …)
20. This is my first visit to Japan. (It’s the first time…)
Ex. 3.Put the verbs in brackets into the proper tense form. Complete the stories.
It (happen) in June 1995. It (be) summer and we all (lie out) in the garden. My mother (read) and my uncle just (doze) in the sun. We, children, (look for) worms and insects. And then he (arrive). He (be) a tall, handsome man with piercing blue eyes and he (look) straight at my mother. Her face (go) pale and her eyes (open) wide with shock. ‘Arthur, I (think) you (be) dead,’ she (say) in a kind of whisper.
I (phone) you at about 9 o’clock this morning but you (not to answer). What (you/do)?
Well, I (hear) the phone but I (have) a shower and I could not get out in time to answer it. Anyway, what (you/want)?
Well, last night I (clean out) that old desk you (give) me when I (come, across) a pile of old letters with a red ribbon round them.
Yes, they (be addressed) to you. And they all (smell) of perfume, a man’s perfume.
Last night Jake (wake up), at about 3 a.m. As soon as he (wake up), he (listen out) for strange noises but he (not to hear) any. His father (snore) in the next room, some central heating pipes (make) a bit of a noise and a tap (drip) in the bathroom. It was all as usual. Jake (open) the window and (look) outside. The moon (be) full and it (shine) brightly. Jake (think) he (see) an owl in one of the trees. He certainly (hear) one. But then he (see) something different. A man – no, it (be) a woman. She (wear) white and she (hide) behind a tree. Suddenly she (run) towards the house. Jake (shut) the window and (not to know) what to do. He (remain) motionless for a minute and then…
Ex. 4.Put each verb in brackets into a suitable tense.
1. While I (try) to get my car started, a passing car (stop) and the driver (offer) to help me.
2. The police (pay) no attention to the woman’s complaints because she (phone) so many times before.
3. They (get) married next month and they (want) you to come to the wedding.
4. I (phone) about your advertisement for a bicycle for sale, which I (see) in the local paper. You (sell) it or is it still available?
5. The police (think) that they (find) your missing wallet, so call this number.
6. Sorry, could you say that again? I (not to listen) to you.
7. We (walk) for two hours already. Let’s have a rest. We (not to eat) anything since morning.
8. This tooth (kill) me lately! So I (make) an appointment with the dentist for Monday.
9. The train (arrive) at 8 tomorrow evening, so I (meet) them at the station. I (take) a taxi.
10. Which hotel she (stay in) when she comes here? – Oh, I (see) her today. She (come) yesterday and (stay) in the Orion. – You (happen) to know her telephone number? – Sure.
11. I (stand) here for a quarter of an hour already. I’ll get some money from the bank when it (open). – What you (want) to buy? – I (go) on holiday tomorrow and (return) in a month.
12. I’m sure you (feel) better after you (take) the medicine. I (want) you to believe me.
13. When I (see) her tomorrow, I (tell) her this news, if she (want) to listen to me.
14. She (carry) this heavy bag all the way. That’s why she is so tired. Why you (not to help) her?
15. (you ever think) what exactly (you do) after you (graduate) from university?
16. According to computer experts, computers (make) soon accurate predictions about the future, but people (not to be able) to do it.
17. Professor Vincent, from Cambridge University (believe) that by the 2050, computers (replace) teachers, and (also do) most of the jobs that the police (do) now. ‘Computers (become) more intelligent all the time,’ he says. ‘Soon they (direct) traffic and (teach) our children and also they (tell) us about the future!’
18. Venice slowly (sink) into the sea. Scientists (try) to save it and (work) hard at this problem for many years already. But by the time they (find) the answer, the city probably (sink).
Ex. 5.Use the verbs in brackets in the correct tense form in the Active Voice.
1. The director (not to allow) the actors to travel by air while they (work) on the film last time.
2. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker just (finish) speaking and the audience (clap).
3. I remember that while I (learn) to drive I (have) ten accidents.
4. Yesterday he (have) a bad fall while he (repair) the roof of his house.
5. While we (fish) someone came to the house and (leave) this note for us.
6. The exam just (begin) and the candidates (write) their names at the top of their papers.
7. I lit the fire at 6.00 and it (burn) brightly when Jane (come) in at 7.00.
8. When I arrived, the lecture (start) already and the professor (write) something on the blackboard.
9. When she (leave) school, she cut her hair and (wear) it short ever since.
10. You are tired. You (drive) all day. Let me drive now, … ?
11. That helicopter (fly) round the house for the last hour. You (think) it (take) photographs?
12. The radio (play) since 7 a.m. I (have) a headache since morning, and I want you to turn it off.
Ex. 6.Complete the sentences with the correct verb forms.
1. He (study) Russian for two weeks but he (not to learn) even the alphabet yet.
2. That house (be) empty for a year. But they (take) down the “For Sale” sign today, so I suppose someone (buy) it already.
3. I (phone) you twice yesterday and (get) no answer. Where (you be) and what (you do) the whole day ?
4. It (snow) for three days now. The roads (block) if it (not to stop) soon.
5. He (sleep) since ten o’clock. It’s time he woke up. He (be) to be at college in ten minutes.
6. I only (hear) from him twice since he (go) away. I (not see) him for ages.
7. Sam, why (you make) such a horrible noise? – I (lose) my key and I (try) to wake my mother but she (not to hear) anything.
8. We (buy) a new flat not long ago and we (move) in very soon. We (not, buy) new furniture yet.
9. If you (learn) another language, you will get a better job when you (graduate) from university.
10. I am sure that I (recognize) him when we (meet) next summer.
11. I hope you (understand) everything when you (be) older. Now you (not to understand) anything, … ?
12. I’m sorry that the child (see) the accident yesterday. – I (not to think) it matters. He (forget) everything soon.
13. He says that they (broadcast) his speech tonight. He (get) ready for it now.
14. What you (do) when you (leave) university? – I (not to decide) yet.
15. There (be) a phone again. – Take no notice, … ? We (not to answer) it.
16. They just (take) him to hospital with a broken leg. He (stay) there for a week or two.
17. You (drive), please? I (not to like) driving at night. It (rain) cats and dogs now.
18. It is raining. If you (walk) there in this rain, you (get) awfully wet.
Ex. 7.Open the brackets using appropriate tense form.
1. We just (get) to the forest in time. The sun (rise) in a minute. It is nearly autumn and soon the leaves (change) their colour.
2. I hope you (do) well in the race tomorrow. I (think) of you.
3. I’m sorry but I (not to feed) your dog again. He always (try) to bite me when I come near him.
4. He won’t be wearing uniform when you (see) him, because he (be) on leave then, and they (not to wear) uniform when they (be) on leave.
5. She promised to phone me in the morning, but it is now 12 o’clock and she (not to phone) yet.
6. I just (receive) a letter saying that we (not to pay) this electricity bill.
7. How long you (be) out of work? – I (not to be) out of work now. I already (start) a new job.
8. She (lose) her job last month and since then she (be) out of work. – Why she (lose) her job? – I (not to know).
9. What (you think) the children (do) when we (get) home yesterday? – I think they (sleep).
10. I just (remember) that I (leave) the bathroom taps on. – I(go) home to turn them off or you (do) it yourself?
11. Kate, you (leave) the light on. – Oh, so I have. I (go) and turn it off.
12. He (give) me back the book, (thank) me for lending it to him and said that he (enjoy) it very much.
13. Dear Mr Smith, my family and I (suffer) a great deal lately from the noise made by your guests when they (leave) your house on Sunday nights.
14. I (write) to you three weeks ago and (ask) about conditions of entry into your college. But I (not to receive) any information yet.
15. By the time you (finish) getting ready, we (miss) the train! – Don’t worry. We (take) a taxi.
16. Sally! I (not to expect) to see you here! What (you do) in New York? – I (come) on business. – Let’s spend this evening together, … ?
Ex. 8.Put each verb in brackets into an appropriate tense.
1. I (hope) to meet you ever since I (read) your first novel. I (read) all the books you (write).
2. – If you (come), I (meet) you here in a week’s time. We (have) a good time. – Let’s speak about it tomorrow, … … ?
3. This is my new car. What (you/think) of it? – Splendid! When you(buy) it and how much you(pay) for it?
4. I can’t find the car keys. What (you/do) with them? – I (not to see) them.
5. Sorry I haven’t fixed the plug. I (mean) to get round to it, but I just (not to find) the time.
6. What (you do) on Saturdays? – As a rule I (stay) at home, but next Sunday I (leave) for Paris.
7. I don’t know what time we’ll eat. It (depend) when Helen (get) here.
8. I supported you at the time because I (feel) that you were right.
9. Peter couldn’t understand what had been decided because too many people (talk) at once.
10. Jean, I’m so glad you’ve got here at last. I (wait) for you all day.
11. Please (not to let) me down this time! I (depend) on you, … I?
12. Sam (not to receive) the parcel the last time I (speak) to him. I hope he (receive) it already.
13. I (consider) buying a house, but now I (change) my mind. I (buy) a flat soon.
14. When you (feel) hungry later, room service (bring) you whatever you (want).
15. I (find) it difficult to convince the ticket inspector that I (lose) my ticket.
16. Since I (pay) for our lunch, I (try) to attract the waiter’s attention now.
17. As soon as I (have) a good look at the designs, I (send) them back to you.
18. I (not to understand) what you (wait) for. Everybody (go) home already.
Ex. 9.Say the following sentences correctly.
1. When he (not to arrive) at 6.00, I knew he (miss) the bus.
2. What (you /think) you (do) in ten years’ time? - I (not to tell) you about it.
3. I really (enjoy) myself at the moment, as I already (pass) my exams.
4. (you/let) me know the minute you (hear) any news? Don’t worry, I (do) it.
5. Something (tell) me that you (not to listen) to a single word I (say) in the past ten minutes!
6. What’s the matter? (you/hurt) your ankle? How (you/do) it? – I (fall) down today.
7. That’s definitely the last time that I (lend) you any money! – Thinks. I (give) it back soon.
8. It (rain), but if you (take) your umbrella, you (not to get) wet.
9. We (sit) in the sunshine for about half an hour when I suddenly (feel) sick. So we (decide) to go home immediately.
10. He says his train (leave) in 2 hours. He (pack) his things at the moment.
11. We first (come) to this town more than twenty years ago. Everything (change) in the town since that time.
12. John always (claim) that he (be) innocent, but for many years no one (believe) him.
13. Father heard the results of the election when he (drive) to work, so he (phone) me when he (get) there and (congratulate) me.
14. I don’t want to spend a lot of money today because I (save) as much as I can until I (go) on holiday.
15. You (watch) this stupid film since the lunch time. Let’s switch over to the other channel, … ?
16. Fanny’s really excited about going to England. She (not to be) there before though she (learn) English for several years.
17. My sister (be) interested in medicine since she (be) a child.
18. I’m sure something dreadful (happen); we (wait) over an hour and he (not to phone) yet.
19. We (post) the parcel three weeks ago. If you still (not to receive) it, please inform us immediately.
20. I (work) in this company for a month already. Everyone (be) very friendly. I (expect) to have quite a lot of problems, but I (not to have) any really. Not here at work, anyway. And I (make) a lot of new friends. Unfortunately, the journey to work (be) too long. It (take) me one hour to get here every day.
Ex. 10.Complete each sentence with a suitable form of the verb given.
1. Thirty years ago few people (realize) that computers (become) part of our daily lives. This short period of time (see) enormous changes in business, education and public administration. Many people may now be wondering whether the spread of computers (bring) us as many problems as it (solve).
2. I (be) pleased to see my old university friends at the conference last week as we (not to see) each other since we (finish) our course.
3. We had to wait for hours at the airport because the bad weather (delay) all the flights.
4. Oh, dear. I hope you (feel) better now. I (make) some tea when the news (finish). … I (bring) you a cup? – No, don’t bother. Thanks.
5. I think we must keep in touch. (you remember) to send me your address when you (set) to the States?
6. We (not to get) enough money to pay for the advertising we need. (you be) in touch with the bank yet? Yes. I (see) the manager next Monday.
7. In Britain schools (change) a lot in recent years. Standards (improve) and there (be) a wide choice of schools for getting education. Grammar schools still (exist) in the country. Pupils (pass) an exam called the Eleven Plus to go to a Grammar School where they (receive) a good, formal academic education. The name “grammar” (come) from medieval system of teaching Latin grammar as the basis for education. There (be) 200 Grammar Schools today in the country.
8. Secondary modern schools (appear) in 1944 for pupils who (fail) eleven plus examination.
9. Comprehensive schools (about 94 % of all schools) (be) introduced in 1965 and since that time these schools (provide) an equal opportunity in getting secondary education for all children regardless of their abilities and background.
10. Your farther will be furious when he (see) what you (do). – I (show) him nothing.
11. I hope that I (translate) this scientific article before my boss (ask) me if I (finish) this work.
12. By the time the police get there, the burglars (vanish).
13. How are you getting on, Bob? You (look) so sad.
– Well, I (start) having bad headaches a couple of weeks ago and they (get) worse. I (not to sleep) properly, I’m tired all the time, and the worst thing is my hair (go) gray and I’m only 32!
– Oh, you (smoke) thirty cigarettes a day for ten years already. You (work) at least ten hours a day since last year. And how you (relax)?! You always (sit) in front the TV with a pizza and a few beers. You never (do) any exercises but you (lose) a lot of weight at the moment and you (not to know) why. I (think) you (suffer) from stress. You must go to the doctor. He (examine) you and (give) some advice. I (hope) everything (be) all right, if you (eat) a more varied diet and (do) some exercises regularly. But first of all (not to forget) to go to the doctor.
Ex. 11.Complete the sentences with the proper tense form of the verbs in brackets.
1. I asked my aunt if she (be able) to get tickets to the Bolshoy Theatre when we (arrive) in Moscow. She promised that she (try) to help us though it (be) rather difficult to do it.
2. I (send) the invitation already. I think I (receive) the reply as soon as they (get) it.
3. This week the police (arrest) a couple in Switzerland, where they (try) to sell chocolate secretes. The first person who (bring) chocolate to Europe (be) Cortes, who (be) an explorer.
4. Henry Nestle, who (be) Swiss, (develop) the process of making milk chocolate. Since that time chocolate (be) popular among children and grown-ups.
5. Hijackers still (hold) twenty passengers in a plane at Manchester airport. The hostages (sit) in the plane now without food or water for two days already.
6. Mrs Green (wait) for the doctor for half an hour. When he (examine) her son, he said that the child (must stay) in bed till he (get) better.
7. ‘While I (stay) with the English family I (improve) my English greatly’, my friend said.
8. She (do) her shopping when he first (meet) her. Six months later they (get) married and since that time (live) together. They are the happiest family I ever (meet).
9. We (go) to Italy next week. We (take ) the plane. Usually we (have) two weeks’ holiday but this year we (have) four. We (stay) at a friend’s house in Verses. Usually he (work) in Milan but at the moment he (spend) the summer in New York.
10. While I (shop) in the High Street, I (meet) my classmate. I (not to see) him since we (finish) school.
11. I (walk) along Piccadilly when I (realize) that a man, whom I (see) three times already that afternoon (follow) me.
12. Since its discovery in 1926 the television (change) the way we live. There (be) one TV channel at that time. Today we (have) a wide variety of channel to choose.
Ex. 12.Open the brackets. Retell the stories.
At the Dentist’s
I was on time for my dentist’s appointment, but the dentist 1) (be) still busy with another patient, so I 2) (sit) in the waiting room and 3) (read) some of the old magazines lying there. While I 4) (wonder) whether to leave and come back another day, I 5) (notice) a magazine article about teeth. It 6) (begin): ‘How long is it since you last 7) (go) to the dentist? 8) (you, go) regularly every six months? Or 9) (you, put) off your visit for the last six years?’ Next to the article 10) (be) a cartoon of a man in a dentist’s chair. The dentist 11) (say), “I’m afraid this 12) (hurt)”.
I suddenly 13) (realize) that my tooth 14) (stop) aching. But just as I 15) (open) the door to leave, the dentist’s door 16) (open). ‘Next, please,’ he 17) (call), as the previous patient 18) (push) past me. ‘Actually I’m not here to see you. I 19) (wait) for my friend,’ I 20) (shout), leaving as rapidly as I could.
21) (You, ever, do) this kind of thing? Surely I can’t be the only person who 22) (hate) the dentist!
When the bus 1) (stop) in a small square, Jane 2) (read) her magazine and 3) (not to realize) that she 4) (arrive) at her destination. ‘This 5) (be) Santa Teresa,’ Martin 6) (say). ‘You 7) (arrive) home!’ I suppose your aunt 8) (wait) for us. Come on. I 9) (carry) the bags!’
Jane 10) (think), “All those years when I 11) (live) in New York, I 12) (use) to dream of this moment. And now it 13) (be) real, I can’t believe it. Here I am, I 14) (stand) really in the square.”
Santa Teresa 15) (be) Jane’s birthplace, but she 16) (leave) the town at the age of six. She had some memories of the town and some photographs but she 17) (not to know) anybody here, except her aunt Maria who 18) (live) not far from the town since she 19) (get) married.
Nobody 20) (wait) for them in the square. Perhaps her aunt 21) (not to receive) Jane’s letter. ‘What we 22) (be going) to do now?’ asked Martin. ‘There 23) (not to be) even a hotel here! We 24) (take) the last bus from here or we 25) (go) to your aunt’s place?’
Jane 26) (not to be) very surprised. She 27) (think) her aunt 28) (be) too busy to meet her at the station, but she 29) (say) nothing. Just at this time a car 30) (stop) in front of them. The driver 31) (open) the door and 32) (say), ‘Please, follow me’…