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Put in can or could. Sometimes either word is possible.

1. 'The phone is ringing. Who do you think it is?' 'It _could_ be Tim.'

2. I'm really hungry. I ___ eat a horse!

3. If you're very hungry, we ___ have dinner now.

4. It's so nice here. I ___ stay here all day but unfortunately I have to go.

5. 'I can't find my bag. Have you seen it?' 'No, but it ___ be in the car.'

6. Peter is a keen musician. He plays the flute and he ___ also play the piano.

7. 'What shall we do?' 'There's a film on television. We ___ watch that.'

8. The weather is nice now but it ___ change later.

 

27.3 Complete the sentences. Use could or could have + a suitable verb.

1. A: What shall we do this evening?

B: I don't mind. We _could go_ to the cinema.

2. A: I had a very boring evening at home yesterday.

B: Why did you stay at home? You ___ to the cinema.

3. A: There's an interesting job advertised in the paper. You ___ for it.

B: What sort of Job is it? Show me the advertisement.

4. A: Did you go to the concert last night?

B: No. We ___ but we decided not to.

5. A: Where shall we meet tomorrow?

B: Well, I ___ to your house if you like.

 

27.4 Read this information about Ken:

Ken didn't do anything on Saturday evening.

Ken was short of money last week.

Ken doesn't know anything about machines.

Ken's car was stolen on Monday.

Ken was free on Monday afternoon.

Ken had to work on Friday evening.

Some people wanted Ken to do different things last week but they couldn't contact him. So be didn't do any of these things. You have to say whether be could have done or couldn't have done them.

1. Ken's aunt wanted him to drive her to the airport on Tuesday.

He couldn't have driven her to the airport (because his car had been stolen).

2. A friend of his wanted him to go out for a meal on Friday evening.

Ken ___

3. Another friend wanted him to play tennis on Monday afternoon.

Ken ___

4. Jack wanted Ken to lend him l50 last week. ___

5. Jane wanted Ken to come to her party on Saturday. evening.

He ___

6. Ken's mother wanted him to repair her washing machine. ___

 

UNIT 28. Must and can't

A. Study this example:

We use must to say that we feel sure something is true:

* You've been travelling all day. You must be tired. (Travelling is tiring and you've been travelling all day, so you must be tired.)

* 'Jim is a hard worker.' 'Jim? A hard worker? You must be joking. He's very lazy.'

* Carol must get very bored in her job. She does the same thing every day.

We use can't to say that we feel sure something is not possible:

* You've just had lunch. You can't be hungry already. (People are not normally hungry just after eating a meal. You've just eaten, so you can't be hungry.)

* Brian said he would definitely be here before 9.30. It's 10 o'clock now and he's never late. He can't be coming.

* They haven't lived here for very long. They can't know many people.

Study the structure:

I/you/he (etc.) must/can't be (tired/hungry/at work etc.)



I/you/he (etc.) must/can't be (doing/coming/joking etc.) do/go/know/have etc.

I/you/he (etc.) must/can't do/go/know/have etc.

 

B. For the past we use must have (done) and can't have (done). Study this example:

George is outside his friends' house.

He has rung the doorbell three times but nobody has answered.

They must have gone out. (otherwise they would have answered)

* The phone rang but I didn't hear it. I must have been asleep.

* I've lost one of my gloves. I must have dropped it somewhere.

* Jane walked past me without speaking. She can't have seen me.

* Tom walked straight into a wall. He can't have been looking where he was going.

Study the structure:

I/you/he (etc.) must/can't have been (asleep/at work etc.)

I/you/he (etc.) must/can't have been (doing/working etc.)

I/you/he (etc.) must/can't have done /gone/known/had etc.

Couldn't have ... is possible instead of can't have...:

* She couldn't have seen me.

* Tom couldn't have been looking where he was going.

 

EXERCISES

28.1 Put in must or can't.

1. You've been travelling all day. You must be very tired.

2. That restaurant ___ be very good. It's always full of people.

3. That restaurant ___ be very good. It's always empty.

4. You're going on holiday next week. You ___ be looking forward to it.

5. It rained every day during their holiday, so they ___ have had a very nice time.

6. Congratulations on passing your exam. You ___ be very pleased.

7. You got here very quickly. You ___ have walked very fast.

8. Bill and Sue go away on holiday very often, so they ___ be short of money.

 


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1524


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