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The participants of the seminar are expressing their opinions






1 Achievement Test


1 Read the short text. In the exercise that follows it circle T (true) or F (false).


In English-speaking countries, many people have three names a first name, a middle name and a last name (e.g. John Fitzgerald Kennedy). Many people use a short name (e.g. Dan for Daniel, Liz for Elizabeth). People use a title (Ms., Mr.) with a first and last name (Ms. Mary Murphy) or with a last name (Ms. Murphy). Many Americans and Canadians use first names at work or at school. In colleges and universities, teachers often call their students by their first names.


1. T/ F: Many people have a middle name in English-speaking countries.

2. T/ F: Dan is a short name for Daniel.

3. T/ F: People use a title with a first name, such as Ms Mary.

4. T/ F: American and Canadian teachers dont call their students by their first names.

5. T/ F: People never use short names.

6. T/ F: In English-speaking countries people usually have two names and a title.


6 points  

2 Choose suitable responses for these expressions.


1. Nice to meet you.

a. Pleased to meet you too. b. Hello!

2. How do you do?

a. Hi! Havent seen you for a long time! b. How do you do?

3. Hello, Jane. How are you?

a. Nice to meet you. b. Fine! And how are you?

4. Allow me to introduce Prof. Brown to you.

a. Hello. b. How do you do?

5. Hi, mom. This is my fellow student Alex.

a. Good morning, Alex b. How do you do, Alex?

6. Miss Follet, let me introduce my colleague, Mr. Brown, to you.

a. How do you do? b. Im glad to see you.


6 points  

3 Choose the most appropriate expression in the following situations.


1. You are introduced to someone in a formal situation. You say:

a. Pleased to see you. b. How do you do?

2. You are introduced to someone in an informal situation. You say:

a. Pleased to see you. b. Pleased to meet you.

3. You introduce someone in a formal situation. You say:

a. Id like to introduce.... b. This is ...


4. You introduce someone in an informal situation. You say:

a. Allow me to introduce ... b. Have you met ...?

5. You address your groupmate. You say:

a. Helen, could you ...?. b. Miss Rich, could you...?

6. You address your elderly neighbour. You say:

a. Madam, how are you? b. Mrs.Kent, how are you?

7. You address a policeman to ask the way to Westminster Abbey. You say:

a. Excuse me, mister... b. Excuse me, officer .....

8. You address your lecturer Dr. Petrov. You say:

a. Mr., may I ask...? b. Professor, may I ask...?

9.You greet your American friend at a party. You say:

a. Nice to meet you, Jack. b. Hi, Jack. Glad to see you.

10. You are leaving a friend and will see him again on Monday. You say

a Bye. Have a good weekend. b. Good bye


10 points  

4 Make questions from the following words. If necessary add auxiliaries: do(es), did.


1. have / any special reason for learning English / you?

2. What / personal aims / are / your / for learning English?

3. What / the success / depend on?

4. How / arrive at their fluency/ most people?

5. good knowledge of English / increase/ your career prospects?

6. Which / to enlarge your vocabulary / is more important / or to develop grammar skills?

7. Why / enter this faculty / you?

8. you / in choosing profession / follow in the footsteps of your parents?

9. learning strategies / use / any special / you / to achieve your goals in English?

10. requirements / What / should / meet / the goals?


10 points  

5 Write an appropriate question for these answers.


1. A________________________________

B In Minsk.

2. A________________________________

B I always did well in Humanities.

3. A________________________________

B English was my favourite subject.

4. A________________________________

B No, Minsk is not my native town. Im from Vitebsk.

5. A. ________________________________

B I study at the Institute of Journalism.

6. A________________________________

B I have three classes a day.


7. A________________________________

B Im going to major in psychology.

8. A________________________________

B Because I believe that here I can get really good education.

9. A_________________________________

B Yes, I believe that good knowledge of English is essential in any career.


9 points  

6 Fill in the correct word derived from the word in bold.


1. The Department lays special emphasis on the _________ of a high level of language skills. acquire
2. Professionals must be versatile and __________. knowledge
3. Knowledge of English can be _________ to any career. benefice
4. Most people arrive at their _________in a foreign language only as a result of hard work. fluent  
5._________ people are concerned with addressing each other properly in formal and informal situations. courtesy
6. Are good manners important for _________? communicate
7. What are the _________ of the English language course? require
8. After _________, what kind of job are you going to have? 9. If you start to work hard from the beginning, your __________ will be effective. 10. Try to make the process of studying not only useful but _____________. graduate achieve   enjoy


10 points  


7 Complete the text with the verbs in brackets. Use them in the correct tense forms


Sally and Bill are freshman students at Northern University. They are sitting in a cafe and talking about their careers.


Bill : What 1_______________ you (major in)?

Sally: I 2________________ (major) in Philosophy. This is a non-traditional field for women. But more and more women 3______________ (go) into it. When I graduate, there 4 ____ ____________ (be) a lot of job opportunities with good salaries. It is an interesting field if you 5_____________ (be) good at logics. Fortunately, that 6 ______________ (be) my best subject. What 7________________ you (major in), Bill?

Bill : I 8___________ (like) logics, too. But I 9_______________ (be going to) major in Information and Communication. My interest is marketing, which is a subdivision of Inforcom.

Sally: Marketing that 10________________ (sound) interesting.

10 points  

8 Rewrite the extract below in two ways (a and b). Follow the direction in each step.


Jack believed that intelligent men from/in his country should be engineers / sociologists / psychologists / philosophers / specialists in information and communication / journalists. Jack knew that choosing a career was not easy. He read every book on engineering/on the subject he could get his hands on. He talked to his friends, his teachers, and his relatives. They told him to major in _______ at University. They advised him to get a summer job that would give him some engineering experience.

Jack took their advice. He wrote to Ajax Company himself, asking for a part-time job. He received an answer almost immediately. It said, we need a male engineer who is good in math and statistics. Jack replied happily, Im your man.


a. Rewrite the extract, changing Jack to Betty. Make all the other necessary changes. Your first sentence will say:

Betty believed that intelligent women from / in her country should be engineers / sociologists / psychologists / philosophers / specialists in information and communication.

15 points  


b. Rewrite the extract in the negative. Reverse the sense of each sentence to give it the opposite meaning by changing the principal verbs from the affirmative to the negative. Your first sentence will say:

Jack did not believe that intelligent men from / in his country should be engineers / sociologists / psychologists / philosophers / specialists in information and communication.

10 points  

9 Rearrange the steps of a presentation to make it according to the accepted rules. Mark steps by numbers in boxes.


a. outline the structure of your talk r
b. summarize your main points r
c. introduce yourself (name, position, company). r
d. start with something to get attention: a joke, a surprising fact, a question, a quotation, etc. r
e. address the audience in a proper way r
f. give examples to make your points clear r
g. sum up your message with strong Thank you for your attention or a call to action, a visual aid , etc. r

7 points  

10 Arrange the phrases from a presentation below in a proper order. Mark the given phrases by numbers in boxes.


a. My objective here today is to help you to find the right office for your business. r
b. Well, let me introduce myself my name is Carlos Pinto and I am the Sales Director of Centre-Space Properties. r
c. First of all I would like to thank you for inviting me here to speak to you today, and I hope that after that excellent coffee no one will fall asleep during my presentation! r
d. During my talk Ill be looking at four areas. Ill begin by introducing our company, then........ After that Ill move on..... r
e. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. r
f. Finally, Ill deal with.... My presentation will take around 10 minutes, and if you have any questions Ill be pleased to answer them at the end. r
g. OK. (puts up transparency showing the structure of company organization). Lets start by looking at who we are and how the company has developed over the last 10 years. r


7 points  



Total 100 points  



1 Self-Assessment Checklist



1. Use this check list to record what you can do (column 1).

2. Ask someone else, for example your teacher, to assess what s/he thinks you can do (column 2).

3. Use Column 3 to mark those things that you cannot yet do which you feel are important for you (Column 3 Objectives).

4. Add to the list other things that you can do, or that are important for your language learning at this level. Use the following symbols:


  In column 1 and 2: ü I can do this under normal circumstances üü I can do it easily     In column 3: ! This is an objective for me !! This is a priority for me



If you have over 80% of the points ticked, you have probably reached your learning goals.



  I know/have learnt   Me T Obj.
The basic rules of introduction      
The right ways to address people      
The goals of the University course of English and teaching/learning strategies to achieve them.      
Safe and unsafe subjects for talk      
How to plan a presentation      
How to adapt to some cultural differences      
  I can      
See the difference in situations of communication (formal/informal)      
Choose the strategies of communication      
Introduce myself and others in formal /informal situations      
Address people of different social status and age      
Start / initiate / maintain a conversation (small talk)      
Fill a simple Registration Form      
Speak on the techniques of planning a presentation      
Speak about my language learning experience      
Speak about my personal goals of studying English at University and some learning strategies      
Give facts and figures proving the importance of learning English      
Plan and make a short presentation on a)__________________________________________________ (specify the topic) b)__________________________________________________ (specify the topic)      
  I know/have revised      
  vocabulary and speech patterns of introductions, greetings, saying good bye, addressing people speech patterns for giving opinion vocabulary to speak about goals and strategies of learning English        
  I have written      
  a biographical summary a summary of my presentation at a seminar __________________________________________________ (specify the topic) an article / essay presenting the findings of the survey __________________________________________________ (specify the topic)        
  I have revised the following grammar material      
Basic word order      
Word order in questions      
Tenses: the Present Simple, the Past Simple, the Present Perfect, the Future Simple.      
  I can also do the following      





4 Grammar Focus: Basic Word Order. Word Order in Questions


    1. The basic word order for a statement in English is:   The academic year has (not) begun. Subject verb The students study English. Subject verb object We do not study French. Subject verb object We are (not) students. Subject verb complement   2. In questions the word order is changed. Questions can begin with a question word:  
what Ÿ who(m) Ÿ where Ÿ when Ÿ which Ÿ why Ÿ how (long, far) Ÿ whose


3. After the question word we normally use an auxiliary () verb, changing the word order ( ) of the statement:


I have lived in Minsk for 5 years. How long have you lived in Minsk?

I was born in Borisov. Where were you born?

According to this rule you may make questions with the forms of the verb to be : am/is/ are and have/has/had

My last name is Subich. What is your last name?

4. If there is no an auxiliary word in the statement, we form the question adding the verb ( ) do /does/did

I study at University. Where do you study?

She studies at school. Where does she study?

He went to the USA last year. Where did he go last year?


5. You may ask questions without a question word (the so-called general questions). Start these questions with auxiliaries:

Are you a first-year student?

Is she working?

Does he live in Minsk?


6. We usually do not give long answers to the questions but shorten them using auxiliaries.



a. Do you live near here?

Yes, I live near here. Yes, I do.

b. Do the rest of your family speak English?

No, my parents dont speak English. No, they dont.

c. Are you a first year student?

Yes, I am a first year student. Yes, I am.



Ñ Practice

1 Put the words in the correct order and write the statements.

1. Let / introduce / me / myself.


2. proud / am / to / become / student / a / Institute / I / of / Journalism.


3. have / I /dreamed / always / studying / of / University / at.


4. is / my / ambition / to / work / It / in /international / big / a / company.



5. Good / manners / the rules / one / are / everyday / follows / in / contacts / people /

with / other.


2 Make questions from the following words. Use the pronoun you in each case. Add necessary auxiliary verbs. For example:

Where exactly / live?

Where exactly do you live?

1. How / get here from your house?

2. have / any special reason for learning English?

3. graduate from school / last year?

4. What / like doing in your free time?

5. Why / enter this faculty?

6. do / anything special last night?

7. What sort of music / like?

8. What / are interested in?

3 Fill in the spaces with the correct tag.

1. Its a beautiful day, _______ ?

2. Yes, lets go for a walk, ______ ?

3. You werent cheating in the test, _____ ?

4. No, Id never cheat, _____ ?

5. You speak English, _____ ?

6. We neednt come tomorrow, _____ ?

7. We have to work harder,_____ ?

8. You are not disappointed about choosing this subject, _____ ?

9. You could take up tennis, _____ ?

10. Youd rather carry on with volleyball, ______ ?



4 What questions would you ask in the following situations?

For example:

You dont know what small talk is.

What does small talk mean? or What is the Russian for small talk?

a. You want to know the English word for .

b. You dont know how to pronounce the word courtesy.

c. You dont know how to spell courtesy

d. You dont know which page the teacher is looking at.

e. You want to know what the homework is.

f. You didnt hear what the teacher said properly.

g. You would like your teacher to write high-ranking on the board.

5 Think of some other questions you often need to ask in class. Make a list of such questions to remind you how to ask these questions.




4 Vocabulary Focus

Get is one of the most common verbs in English, and has a number of different meanings. Here are some of the main uses. Check that you understand the examples.




Ñ Practice


1 Here are some more phrases that are often used with get. Check their meaning and write them into a correct place on the diagram


get angry, get loads of tasks, get dressed, get worse, get ready, get up late, get stuck, get my house decorated, get acquainted, get married, get into difficulties, get support (from)

2 Match a first part (1-10) with a second part (a-j) to make correct sentences.


1. Apart from a degree, 2. I dont usually take initiative 3. I dont really get along 4. If you get a moment, 5. We got to know each other 6. She got through her exams 7. Shall we get together on Friday 8. I didnt get what he said 9. I told that joke to Kate 10. If you can get some time off work, a. with my new roommate. b. and became good friends. c. hes got a Diploma in Business Studies. d. because the music was so loud. e. and go for a disco? f. but she didnt get it. g. without too much trouble. h. could you help me fill in this form? i. we could finish the decorating. j. in getting acquainted with people.  


3 Complete the sentences using a phrase with get.

to get to know – getting late – to get stuck – to get the idea – to get in touch with – to get home – to get ... off – to get going – to get to the end – to get into difficulties


1. If you want ____________ a person better, learn more about him or her.

2. When you ___________ of the test, tell me.

3. I can receive e-mail now but it took time ___________ of how to use it.

4. What time does he normally ____________home from the University?

5. Youd better _____ those wet clothes _____ or youll catch a cold.

6. Lets ___________ we are already late as it is.

7. If you put a coin into vending machine, it might ___________.

8. If you dont know how to load some new software into your computer, youd better___________ Tom. Hes a computer wizard.

9. The more you know of the culture of the country, the less likely you may_______________.

10. Its _______________ , I hate to say good bye but I have to go.



4 Translate the following sentences into English. Use the expressions with get.

1. !

2. , ?

3. , . .

4. . .

5. , , .

6. , .

7. ! .


4Vocabulary File


  Words and word combinations     For your notes
  1. acquaint (v) to be ~ed with to get ~ed with syn. ≈ to meet sb, to get to know each other acquaintance (n) acquaintanceship (n)   2. address (v) to ~ people/ audience/ each other properly   3. agree (v) agreement (n) to be in ~ to be in relative ~ to come to an ~ to reach an ~   4. attention (n) to pay ~ to to draw someones ~ to to devote ~ to to give sth/sb undivided ~ syn. to focus, to concentrate on attentive (adj) (to) syn. thoughtful attentively (adv)   5. avoid (v) to ~ sth/sb doing sth   6. call (v) to ~ sb/sth sth. to ~ sb by first name (to be called by first name)   7. concern (v) to be concerned with concern (n) to cause ~ to be a cause for ~ not my ~ As far as Im concerned   8. gap (n) cultural ~ generation ~ 9. goodbye to say ~ to sb   10. greet (v) to ~ each other greeting (n) to exchange ~s   11. importance (n) to give ~ to important (adj) to be ~ to sb   12. inquire (v) inquiry (n) to conduct an ~ to make an ~   13. interest (n) ~ in sth. with ~ common ~s to show/express/ share ~s in interested (adj) to be ~ in to make sb ~ to be ~ to know/ hear/ see/ learn   14. introduce (v) to ~ oneself to ~ sb to introduction (n)   15. major (adj, n, v) ~ subject (English/ History) ~ field of study (psychology/ sociology, etc.) to ~ in ( journalism/ philosophy) syn. to specialize in (law, music )   16. notable (adj) to be ~ for syn. important, remarkable, outstanding   17. privacy (n) to respect sbs ~ in the ~ of your own room/home private (adj) ~ life   18. raise (v) to ~ a question to ~ objections to ~ sbs spirits 19. shake (v) to ~ hands with handshaking (n)   20. start (v) to ~ a conversation/ a new friendship syn. to begin   For your personal vocabulary ______________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________   _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 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_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________



4 Grammar Focus: Tenses


  When we speak about events which have a relationship to present time we usually use the Present Simple, the Present Continuous and the Present Perfect tenses.   The Present Simple is used to express: a) a habit: I get up at 7.30. b) a fact which is always true: We come from Belarus. c) a fact that is true for a long time: He lives in Minsk. d) a timetable future (with a future time marker): The lecture starts at 8.30. My bus leaves at three. e) after when, as soon as, etc. to form a time clause: As soon as I come home, Ill give you a call. When you see him, tell him that tomorrows meeting is cancelled. The Present Continuous is used to express: a) an activity happening now: They are discussing English grammar. b) an activity happening around now, but perhaps not at the moment of speaking: Im reading an interesting book now. c) a temporary action or habit: Im from Mogilev, but Im living in Minsk now. Im getting up early this week because my car is being repaired. d) a regrettable habit or irritation with always: I am always loosing my keys. You are always talking at the lesson! e) a planned future action (with a future time marker): What are you doing tomorrow? The Present Perfect is used to express: a) an action which took place in a period of time, which is not yet over: Ive been to the library twice this week. Ive seen our teacher this morning (it is still morning). b) an action which took place in the past but which still relates to the present: Ive translated the text (I can help you). c) an action which started in the past and still continues: I have lived in Minsk for twenty years. I have known him since school. I have learned (have been learning) English for 7 years. Note: the time markers that are used with the Present Perfect: He has just/already left. They havent finished yet. I have never been to London. Have you ever been to the USA?   When we speak about events which have a relationship to past time we usually use the Past Simple, the Past Continuous.   The Past Simple is used to express: a) a past action that is now finished (usually with time marker): I finished school last year. I saw her yesterday. Note: the time markers that are used with the Past Simple: I did it last month/ two years ago/ yesterday morning/ in 2005, etc. The Past Continuous is used to express: a) an event which took place at a specified point in the past: I was watching TV at 10 oclock. I was watching TV when my mum came. b) an event which took place in a specified period in the past: I was doing my project from eight oclock till midnight. I was doing my project while my brother was browsing Internet. When we speak about events which are planned for the future time we usually use:   a) the Present Continuous for a planned future action (with future time marker): They are having two lectures tomorrow and we are leaving at 2 . b) expression be going to + Infinitive for intended actions we have already decided to do in the future: He is going to work hard and to pass exams with excellent grades. c) the Future Simple in predictions about the future usually with the words: I think, I believe, Im sure, I hope, probably, perhaps, etc. I think I will improve my grammar skills. He hopes he will be able to cope with difficulties.  


Ñ Practice

1 Choose the best variant.

1. We are good friends. We ________________ each other for a long time.

a) know b) have known c) knew

2. I have known Andrew since I _____ a child.

a) was b) has been c) were

3. We have been learning English ________.

a) last year b) for six years c) often

4. It is obvious that linguistic proficiency often ________ graduates a vital edge over other applicants.

a) has given b) gives c) is giving

5. Today English ___________ the worlds most important language in science and cultural relations.

a) became b) will become c) has become

6. Knowledge of a foreign language _____________the career prospects of future graduates.

a) is increasing b) increased c) will increase

2 Read about the experience of a Spanish girl in learning English. Underline the correct tense in the following sentences.


I (1) hated/have hated languages at school. I just wasnt interested in learning, so I never (2) did/was doing my homework and I (3) was/have been always bottom of the class when it (4) has come/came to exams! Maybe it wasnt her fault, but I really didnt get on with my teacher. She seemed to think I (5) am/was a stupid young girl just because I didnt know a past participle from an auxiliary verb (I still dont actually). And even if I (6) did learn/will learn English, there were no English-speaking people in my town, so who would I ever speak English to?

Things (7) have started/started to change when I (8) has got/got my first job, though. I (9) was spending/spent my first two years in the Sales Department, and I (10) had to/have to speak English on the phone almost every day, which wasnt easy. I didnt really have enough time to go to classes, so at first I (11) tried/have tried to study on my own.

I also (12) was persuading/persuaded an English-speaking friend to give me some private lessons and I (13) started/was starting to make progress. I dont know when it (14) has been/was exactly that I (15) realized/was realizing my English (16) has been/was good enough to do First Certificate, but I did .... and I passed!

So I dont hate English any more. In fact it (17) has made/made quite a big difference to my life!


3 Write about your attitude to learning English. You may borrow the words and expressions from the text above.




4 Vocabulary Focus

The verb do is frequently used in English. Do is a general word for any activity and it is often used as a phrasal verb and in set expressions.

Ñ Practice

1 Give English equivalents to the following phrases.


1. _____________________________________________________

2. ____________________________________________________

3. _____________________________________________

4. _______________________________________________

5. _____________________________________________________

6. - ______________________________________________

7. - ________________________________________________

The verb make is frequently used in English. Make often means produce/ create something. It is often used as a phrasal verb and in set expressions.



2 Here are some more phrases that are used with do, make. Check their meanings and give their equivalents in Russian.


Do a lot of damage, do housework, do the shopping, do some work, do up sth, make a pizza, make some coffee, make an excuse, make a fortune, make fun of sb/sth, make a mess, make money, make an offer, make a list

3 Add the verbs do or make to the following words and word combinations.


An appointment, badly, a cup of coffee, a difference ,a dress, your hair, your homework, a mistake, a phone call, a profit, a suggestion, well, a bad impression, the bed, a decision, the dishes, English, a good impression, harm, a job, Maths, money, (sth) for a living, the washing up, some work, a noise



do make

4 Match the verb phrases with the meanings.


1. make notes 2. do badly 3. make an attempt 4. do harm 5. do some exercise 6. make sense 7. make sure 8. do your best A. check that sth is certain B. injure C. try as hard as possible D. write down information E. not be successful F. practice a set of movements to stay healthy G. try H. understand because it is clear


5 Complete the following sentences with an appropriate form of do or make.


1. Her job has something to ___ with psychology.

2. Girls ______up half of the students in the group.

3. When the bell rang, the students ____ for the door.

4. Speak louder I cant ______out what youre saying.

5. If you ______ your best to explain the problem, Im sure shell understand.

6. How many times a week do you ______ the shopping?

7. The government have decided to ________ away with the old tax law.


6 Complete the questionnaire about your studies and future work. Use do or make when you write the answers.


Are you a good student?
1. Do you always _______ your homework? 2. Which subject _________ you do well in at school? 3. How do you feel when you __________ a mistake in your English? 4. What do you do if you ___________ badly in an exam? 5. What kind of exercise do you like ___________ in class? 6. Do you ________ notes while youre listening to the disc in English?   ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________  
What do you expect from your future job?
7. What would you like to ________ for a living? 8. Is ___________ a lot of money important to you? 9. What would you wear to ______ a good impression at a job interview? 10. Would you accept a well-paid job if it ______ harm to your health? 11. Does it __________ a difference to you if your boss is a man or woman? 12. Would you _________ a job which involved responsibility for peoples lives? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________  


7 Translate the sentences into English.

1. . .

2. ?

3. ?

4. , .

5. . , - .

6. , , 2011 .

7. . , .

8. ?

9. ? .

10. , ?

8 Discuss with a partner.

- things that make you angry.

- things that make a lot of noise.

- reasons why people make speeches.

- things that you often make in English.



4Vocabulary File for Unit 2


  Words and word combinations     For your notes
1. ability (n) to have the ~ to do sth to do the best of your ~   2. ahead (predict.) to be/get ~ of sb to get ~ in sth to be ~ of your time to be ~ of its time   3. communicate(v) to ~ with sb on different issues communication (n)   4. confident (adj) a ~ public speaker a self-confident/ overconfident person to be ~ about sth to make sb feel more ~/ not ~ confidence (n) to give sb ~ to shake sbs ~   5. depend (v) to ~ on sb/sth (role, efforts, motivation) to ~ on sb for sth depending on sth It depends. dependable (adj) dependence (n)   6. encourage (v) to ~ lifelong language learning to ~ students encouragement (n)   7. enlarge (v) to ~ vocabulary enlargement (n)     8. equip (v) to ~ sb with communicative/ intercultural/ linguistic competences equipment (n) video/ sports ~   equipped (adj) to be ~ with to be ill-~ with   9. enrich (v) to ~ oneself to ~ sb culturally syn.: improve, upgrade ant.: impoverish enrichment (n)   10. fluent (adj) a ~ speaker to speak ~ English to become ~ in sth. fluently (adv) to speak French ~   11. good (adj) to be ~ at sth/ at doing smth. to be ~ in quality the ~ thing about ant. to be bad at sth, to be weak in sth to get better at sth/ at doing sth   12. increase (v) to ~ career prospects to ~ efficiency to ~ in activity to ~ in number or amount to ~ greatly/considerably/enormously increase (n)   13. improve (v) to ~ ones knowledge of English to ~ speaking and reading skills improvement (n) to make ~s   14. influence (v) to ~ sb/sth influence (n) to have an ~ on to be under the ~ of sb/sth influential (adj)   15. know (v) to ~ perfectly well to ~ what sth/sb means to ~ how to do sth to ~ a little about to ~ a few words to ~ your own mind knowledge (n) to have no ~ of foreign languages to the best of my ~ to have common ~ knowledgeable (adj) to be ~ about   16. language (n) a foreign/ modern / official ~ first ~ (=mother-tongue) to become a world ~ a ~ barrier   17. make (v) to ~ a good specialist to ~ progress to ~ a presentation to ~ preparations maker (n)   18. mind (n) to broaden ones ~ to keep in ~ to come to the ~ to make up ones ~ to my ~ mind (v) to ~ your own business   19. outcome (n) teaching ~ the ~ of the discussion   20. proficiency (n) linguistic/ business ~ 21. skill (n) grammar ~ to develop oral speech ~s skillful (adj)   For your personal vocabulary ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 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Appendix 1




A. Basic phrases


Yes no sorry

Please thank you/ thanks

Excuse me, (to attract someones attention)


B. Greeting and meeting people


Saying hello


Informal Formal  
Hello Hi Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening.  
A: How are you? Nice to see you. B: Fine, thanks.



Saying goodbye


Goodbye! Bye. So long! See you (soon/ later)! See you tomorrow. Have a nice day. Have a good weekend. Have a good trip.  


C. Making introductions


In a formal situation

Stimulus Response
May I introduce Prof. Brown, Dean of our Department?   Let me introduce Head of the Department of the English Language.   Allow me to introduce you the teachers of the Department.   I would like you to meet ... I would like to introduce you to ... How do you do?(is said by both people)   It is a pleasure to meet you.   It is a privilege to meet you.   Im honored to meet you.   Thank you very much for the cordial welcome and kind words of greeting. (may be said when introduced to the audience)


In an informal situation:

Stimulus Response
Id like you to meet Alex. Alex, this is Cathy. Have you met Victor? Come and meet Mary. Hi, how are you? Pleased to meet you. Nice to meet you. Glad to meet you.


Welcoming people


Come in. Welcome to join us.


D. Forms of address


You write You say  
Mr. Mrs. Miss Ms. Dr. Prof. Mister Missis Miss Mizz Doctor Professor


Thanking Responding to thanks

Thanks. Youre welcome. (US)

Thank you. Dont mention it. (UK)

I appreciate it. My pleasure.



Date: 2015-04-20; view: 1278

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