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1. Read the story by CNN San Francisco reporter James Hattori.

"Let's go to work. You ready?" the woman says to her dog.

Sydney is a two-year-old mixed Labrador retriever who abhors spores. She is sniffing Laura Herlow's house, hunting for mold.

1. ___________________________________________________________________.

Sydney is one of about ten animals who have spent hundreds of hours with a police dog trainer in Florida. Now she's certified to detect mold.

"Good girl."

"So what does that mean? What is she indicating there?" asks an observer.

"She is indicating that she has detected mold somewhere in this vicinity right here.

2. __________________________________________________________________.

Herlow, whose young son suffers from epileptic seizures, turned to Sydney after getting frustrated with several other mold contractors.

3. ___________________________________________________________________.

"No. I would rather trust a dog and have an unbiased opinion," says Herlow.

"She's got it. She's found mold where we haven't suspected it and we have looked further and verified that she was correct," says Sydney's handler. Including this unlikely spot around a shower but away from any openings.

"The professional mold cleanup company is going to contain this area and take this shower assembly out," says one of the mold company's employees.

4. ___________________________________________________________________.

"We've been using dogs for bombs and drugs and other scent work but it is just in the last eighteen months that people are making the connection that dogs are a great tool in the mold industry," says Mold Detectives employee.

5. ___________________________________________________________________.

Traditional detection methods can drag on for weeks, sampling and then waiting for test results and then testing the air at a cost of up to thousands of dollars.

"With the dog we can do that same exact testing for less than $500 and pinpoint exactly where the mold is so then the cleanup costs are substantially less."

6. ___________________________________________________________________.

"Mostly respiratory problems, a lot of asthma, trouble sleeping, pain everywhere." Until she moved out of the family home. Then Sydney found that toxic mold had spread from the bathroom under the flooring into Janelle's bedroom.

7. ___________________________________________________________________.


"But the dog sniffed it?"

"Yes. Which is I think awesome."

While experts say it is unclear just how bad toxic molds can be to human health, worried homeowners now have a new weapon to unleash.


2. Choose the most suitable sentence from the list A H for each part (1 7) of the article. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

A. While popular in Europe for years mold-sniffing dogs are relatively new in the US.


B. She does a passive alert. So she sits when she finds mold.


C. A sniffer dog, however, can detect where the mold is located.


D. Were you skeptical at first that a dog could do this?


E. One big advantage is cost.


F. She's usually good for a three to four foot path.


G. You couldn't see anything?


H. Jenelle Nary is a believer; she spent years suffering from mysterious illnesses.

Level B 2



1. Read the article.

There's nothing the British like more than to go and get lost. In grand gardens of stately homes and castles around Britain you'll find some of the world's oldest and largest hedge mazes. These elegant horticultural labyrinths have been playfully confusing visitors for hundreds of years.

This historical fascination is being fuelled by a boom in creating new mazes. Britain now has mazes of turf, water, brick, stone, wood, colored paving tiles, mirrors and glass.


Hampton Court

Any exploration of the twists and turns of British mazes should include the oldest and most famous. The classic maze at Hampton Court Royal Palace by the Thames in West London was planted more than 300 years ago during the reign of King William III. He dug up an old orchard planted by Henry VIII and redesigned the garden in the formal style of the time.

The 1702 Maze is the only remaining part of William's garden. It's Britain's oldest hedge maze with winding paths amounting to nearly half a mile and covering a third of an acre. One of Jerome K. Jerome's "Three Men in a Boat" declared it "very simple ... it's absurd to call it a maze," only to become completely lost. Inside he met other visitors "who had given up all hope of ever seeing their home and friends again."

The Hampton Court maze still swallows 300,000 people a year. If you do manage to get out, there are also exquisite riverside gardens and the fabulous Tudor palace to see.



Another great estate 100 miles to the west has become one of the centers of British maze-making. A visit to Longleat in Wiltshire includes the ancestral stately home of Lord Bath, Capability Brown landscaped gardens, and a drive-through animal safari park plus six mazes.

The newest of them, The Blue Peter Maze was built of timber especially for children. It was designed by a nine-year-old girl who beat 12,000 entrants in a competition run by a children's TV program.

Other Longleat mazes include the indoor King Arthur's Mirror Maze, the rose-covered Love Labyrinth, and the intertwining Sun Maze and Lunar box hedge labyrinths.

Serious maze enthusiasts are catered to by the grand Hedge Maze: it has the world's longest total path length at 1.69 miles. The hedges are made from 16,180 yew trees and are laid out in curves to disorient the walker. It opened 26 years ago and is so complex that special 'lift if lost' direction panels are incorporated to help you find the way out.


Jubilee Park


If you're starting to get the taste for delightful disorientation, the third must-see site is the eccentric Jubilee Park close to the border with Wales near Symonds Yat in Herefordshire.

Maze-mad brothers Lindsay and Edward Heyes planted The Amazing Hedge Puzzle Maze to commemorate Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee in 1977. It stands in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the Wye Valley and is now Herefordshire's most popular private visitor attraction.

The octagonal cypress maze has a pagoda at the center if you can find it. There's also a route from the center to the world's first Maze Museum. This has hands-on interactive displays and puzzles explaining the history, design and construction of mazes around the world.

Lindsay is the creator of the museum and an acknowledged maze expert. Edward meanwhile takes care of the Hedge Maze, personally spending ten weeks doing all the trimming every year.


Hever Castle


You don't have to be crazy about mazes to enjoy the spectacular Hever Castle in Kent. From the outside, the 13th-century double-moated fortress has changed little since Henry VIII's second wife Anne Boleyn spent her childhood here. The castle is set in 30 acres of magnificent gardens. A century ago the wealthy Astor family lived here and planted a yew maze, which visitors can still explore. A more recent addition is the highly acclaimed Water Maze on a shallow lake with an island at the center.

The walkways are made up of curved paths supported above the water on stilts. To make getting to the island even more difficult, some slabs, when stepped on, trigger a spray of water. Can you reach the island AND stay dry?


2. Choose from the list of places (A D) for each question. Some of the choices may be required more than once.

In which places  
1. does a member of the aristocracy still live?   A. Hampton Court   B. Longleat   C. Jubilee Park   D. Hever Castle
2. is there a maze that was made to mark a special occasion?
3. does the creator personally take care of the maze?
4. is there a maze that was ridiculed before getting its revenge?
5. is there a maze created by the youngest person?
6. could tackling the maze prove a damp experience?
7. did a rich family create a maze?  
8. is there a maze that a newlywed couple would perhaps like to visit?
9. does the maze include maps showing you how to get out?
10. would you see yourself getting lost in the maze?



Date: 2015-04-20; view: 1110

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