GRAMMAR: Future Perfect Continuous; I am to; Future in the Past.
Future Perfect Continuous (will have been doing) describes a continuous action (very often one which is already in progress) which will finish by a certain point in the future. Example: In ten minutes we will (we’ll) have been waiting for this bus for exactly an hour!
Use Future Perfect to say that something will have been completed by a certain time in the future, examples: The builder says he’ll have finished the roof by Saturday. The car will soon have done 100,000 miles.
Use Future Perfect Progressive to say how long something will have continued by a certain time, example: Next Christmas I’ll have been teaching for twenty years.
Future: I am to. We can talk about the future by saying that something is to happen. We often use this structure to talk about official plans and fixed personalarrangement. Examples: The President is to visit Scotland in September. We are to get a wage rise. I felt nervous because I was soon to leave home for the first time.
You are (not) to can be used (for example by parents) to give orders. Examples: You’re to do your homework before you watch TV. She can go out, but she’s not to be back late.
Future in the Past. When we are talking about the past, we often want to say that something was still in the future at that time. To express this idea, we can use Past Progressive (was…ing), was going to…, would… or was to.
Task 1. Put the verbs in the correct form.
1). They (wait) for another hour? 2). We (not to wait) long. 3). You (discuss) this problem for half an hour by the time I get there. 4). Elena (study) English for ten months by the time she goes back to Russia in October.
Task 2. Future Perfect or Future Perfect Continuous?
1). Have you finished the translation yet? I … the translation by nine o’clock tomorrow morning (A. shall have finished. B. have finished. C. had finished). 2). In three months he … here a year (A. has been. B. will have been. C. was). 3). Don’t call on me. I … for Sevastopol by noon (A. should leave. B. shall have left. C. left). 4). My friend … on the ship for fifteen years by next year (A. will have been serving. B. have served. C. was serving). 5). … they … in the mountains for a month by July? (A. Will … travel. B. Will … have been travelling. C. Will … be travelling). 6). By two o’clock the students will … the test translation for two hours (A. be doing. B. have been doing. C. do).
Task 3. Use the future perfect or future perfect continuous to put the beginning and ends together.
Beginnings: 1). I (not finish) the report by Monday. 2). In a couple of years the children (leave) home. 3). On our next wedding anniversary. 4). When I get home tonight. 5). When I retire.
Ends: - and we’ll be able to get a smaller house; - and it’s needed for Monday; - I (drive) for fourteen hours nonstop; - I (work) for forty years; - we (be) married for twenty-five years.
Task 4. Put the beginnings and ends together.
Beginnings: 1). Carola and I hardly noticed each other that first evening. 2). He was to regret that conversation. 3). I was going to ring you yesterday. 4). She was leaving in two hours. 5). So this was the school where I would spend the next five years. 6). The letter that was to change my life.
Ends: - and she still hadn’t started packing; - arrived one Friday morning; - but I forgot; - for many years to come; - I didn’t like it; - Two week later we would be married.
Task 5. These sentences are from C.S.Forester’s novel “The General”, set in the First World War. Complete the sentences with expressions in the brackets (would stand, would make, would return, was going to be, was going to say, was marrying, were to find, were to lose).
The parlourmaid was in the room and her presence caused Lady Emily not to say immediately what she (1). As the Duchess had said, the fact that Emily (2) a General was a very adequate excuse for so much ceremony at the wedding. There was going to be no muddling in his Corps. Everything (3) exact, systematic, perfect. This was the front line of the British trench system – in it many men (4) their lives for the barren honour of retaining that worthless ground. There were six men bending over that map, and five of them (5) their graves at the point where the General’s finger was stabbing at the map. A vivid flash of imagination, like lightning at night, revealed the future to Curzon. He (6) to England a defeated general, one of the men who had let England down. Emily (7) by him, but he did not want her to have to do so. Emily whom he loved (8) it all the worse. He would rather die.