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The One Child Policy and Sex Trafficking


China’s gender imbalance is a powerful, driving force behind trafficking in women and sexual slavery, not only in China, but all over Asia. According to a statement by the United States Department of State, “Women and children are trafficked into [China] from North Korea, Vietnam, Burma, Mongolia and Thailand.” These women are trafficked into China and forced into marriages, employment, and sexual exploitation.[lxxiv]


Many unattached men migrate from rural areas to urban destinations, patronizing prostitutes there. In doing so, these men could turn China's HIV epidemic - now confined to certain high-risk populations - into a more generalized one by creating "bridging" populations from high- to low-risk individuals. Such male bridging populations have fueled HIV epidemics in Cambodia and sub-Saharan Africa.[lxxv]


Women currently make up approximately 80% of an estimated 50,000 to 100,000 North Korean refugees in China, and of these women, an estimated 90% become victims of trafficking.[lxxvi]


Article 240 of China’s Criminal Law defines the trafficking of persons as ‘‘abducting, kidnapping,

buying, trafficking in, fetching, sending, or transferring a woman or child, for the purpose of selling the victim.’’ This definition does not automatically prohibit forms of trafficking such as forced adult and child labor, commercial sex trade of minors over 14 years old, or trafficking of men, which are covered under Article 3 of the UN TIP Protocol.[lxxvii]


The Chinese government acceded to the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol) in December 2009. As of 2011, the Chinese government has revised some, but not all, of its legislation to conform to the Palermo Protocol. Still, the Chinese government’s legal definition of trafficking does not conform to international standards.[lxxviii]


The Chinese government does not offer legal alternatives to deportation for identified foreign victims of trafficking, and continues to deport North Korean refugees under the classification of ‘‘economic migrants,’’ regardless of whether or not they are victims of trafficking.[lxxix]


Other Social Results of the One Child Policy


One recent study found that China's One Child Policy has resulted in significant ramifications for Chinese society, since it “has produced significantly less trusting, less trustworthy, more risk-averse, less competitive, more pessimistic, and less conscientious individuals.”[lxxx]


The study contended that the One Child Policy has given rise to a land of “little emperors,” whose parents dote on them exclusively. This has led to widespread concern within China about the social skills of the current generation and the observation that these children tend to be more self-centered and less cooperative. The study alleged that this concern can be seen in developments such as employers including phrases like “no single children.” [lxxxi]


The study noted that the rationale for the March 2007 call for the government to abolish the One Child Policy (made by 30 delegates at the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference) centered on “social problems and personality disorders in young people.”



Date: 2015-02-16; view: 565

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