Fun-loving, popular, perfectionist, gifted, may sometimes be tactless8
1965, 1977, 1989
Sagacious9, charming, intuitive10, stingy, inclined to procrastinate11
1966, 1978, 1990
Diligent12, independent, placid13, friendly, can be selfish and cunning
1967, 1979, 1991
Elegant, artistic, always ready to complain, plagued by14 worry
1968, 1980, 1992
Witty, magnetic personality15, can be self-seeking16 and distrustful
1969, 1981, 1993
Industrious, shrewd17, decisive, very extravagant, a flashy18 dresser
1970, 1982, 1994
Down-to-earth, altruistic19, morose20, sharp-tongued21, a fault-finder22
B Charming, witty, wise - recognize yourself? Stingy, selfish, sly - must be somebody else!
Some words in the chart above have positive associations, others negative ones. Here are some words from the chart together with other words that share some aspects of their meaning. The table shows which have positive and which have negative associations.
13.1 Match the words on the left with their opposites on the right. Use a dictionary if necessary.
13.2 Answer these questions.
1 Which animal represents you? To what extent do the characteristics apply to you?
2 Think of a friend and find their animal in the chart. Give examples of why you think each characteristic is appropriate or not.
EXAMPLE: My friend is a rooster. I think, he is industrious because he worked very hard to find a lot of information for a research project he had to complete at college. I don’t think he is shrewd because someone, tricked him into investing in a non-existent company.
13.3 Arrange all the adjectives and descriptive phrases from A into three columns under the following headings. describe me might describe me do not describe me
13.4 Which people does the speaker have a positive opinion of and which a negative one?
EXAMPLE::Let me tell you about my new colleagues. Pat, my boss, seems very astute and witty. I find her deputy, Vince, a bit parsimonious and work-obsessed. I share an office with Julie who's a bit sullen and mulish. I also do a lot of work with Sam who's very tolerant and generous.
13.5 Now imagine that someone else is talking about the same people, but sees them in a different light. How might he or she describe them?
EXAMPLE: Pat is very sly and terse*
13.6 What are the abstract nouns from these adjectives? Use a dictionary if necessary.
13.7 The words in 13.6 are more unusual words and are most likely to be found in writing. Give a synonym for each word that would be more likely to be used when speaking.
EXAMPLE: altruistic – unselfish
Find some useful vocabulary for describing your own or others' personality by doing an Internet search on the word 'horoscopes' and following any links which interest you. On some websites it is possible to do personality quizzes to find out what sort of person you are.
(From: English Vocabulary in Use. Advanced. Michael McCarthy, Felicity O’Deil)