Like any other large country, Russia has many big and small cities and towns. All in all there are 157,895 residential places in the country and each of them has historic past and interesting sights. I would like to tell you about some of them.
Saratov is a major city situated in southern Russia, founded in 1590 as a fortress to protect the southern borders of Russia. The city lies on the right bank of the Volga River and stretches along it for 34 km. Saratov is a great industrial, cultural and educational centre.
The city is a well-known Russian centre of higher education and research activities. Saratov State University is one of the oldest universities in Russia. There are more than a dozen other universities in Saratov too.
The population of Saratov is more than eight hundred people. Saratov has a lot of places of interest: Saratov Bridge, the Embankment of Cosmonauts on which you can see Rotunda and Lovers Monument, Kirov Avenue and many others.
The recreational park is one of the favorite places among the residents. The main attraction is an oak grove and a cascade of old ponds.
There are a lot of different theatres in Saratov. The Opera and Ballet House is one of the oldest theatres in Russia. Saratov Academic Theatre for Young Spectators is the first professional children’s theatre opened in 1918.
Saratov State Conservatory is situated in the centre of the city. It was opened in 1912 and became the third high musical school in the country.
The Radishchev Art Gallery is a museum in Saratov opened in 1885. It used to be the first public art museum in the Russian provinces.
Murmansk is the largest city in the world beyond the Polar Circle. The climate of the city is mild because of the Gulf Stream. The Polar day lasts from May 23 until July 21 in the city. From December 1 to January 13 the Polar night descends on to Murmansk.
Murmansk was officially founded on October 4, 1916 and used to be a small settlement called Romanov-on-Murman.
Murmansk is a large centre of the fishing industry. A new port has been built in the southern part in the Gulf of Kola. Its deep-water docks are up-to-date with the newest equipment. Murmansk has plenty of entertainments, the traditional Festival of the North, for example which includes reindeer races, skating and skiing competitions. Murmansk has three professional theatres and a few cinemas. In the Local History Museum visitors can learn interesting things about the flora and fauna of the Arctic region and the history of the Kola Peninsula.
Tyumen is the oldest Russian settlement in Siberia founded in the 16th century to support Russia's eastward expansion. The city has remained one of the most important industrial and economic centers to the east of the Urals.
Tyumen has a range of entertainments for all ages. Tyumen has had its own Drama and Comedy Theatre since 1858. There is a professional Puppet Show and the Youth Theatre. The Tyumen Music Hall is one of the most common places for tours of Russian and world class music stars. The Tyumen Circus is the most modern circus in Siberia and is considered one of the best in Russia. Tyumen offers a great variety of cuisine in its numerous restaurants and bars. There are some annual events taking place in the town such as the Student Spring Music Show and Town Day Show. There are also many cinemas including two with high class stereo systems, and clubs.
There are numerous museums and art galleries in Tyumen. The most famous are the Tyumen Museum of Local Lore and the Tyumen Fine Arts Gallery.
Yaroslavl is an ancient city founded in 1010 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise. The city is situated to the north of Moscow on the Volga River. The legend says that once Prince Yaroslav and his warriors came to the place where the Kotorosl River flowed into the Volga, and decided to found a city there. The local pagans didn't like that invasion and sent their sacred bear to kill the Prince, but Yaroslav killed the animal with his pole axe. Then he founded the fortress and it called it Yaroslavl. Because of this legend, the coat of arms of the city is a bear carrying a pole axe on its shoulder.
The city's historic past is rich: it saw the Tatar invasion, the Polish intervention; it was damaged heavily during the Revolution. But in spite of all these difficult periods Yaroslavl has remained magnificently beautiful.
Yaroslavl belongs to the Golden Ring of Russia. Every day crowds of tourists come to this city and admire its wonderful cathedrals, monasteries and churches. ·
The city is also famous for the first Russian theatre, the Volkov Theatre, which was built by Fyodor Volkov in 1750.
Yaroslavl is a big industrial city with big plants and factories that produce engines, paints, oil, tires and synthetic rubber. The first woman cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, was born in Yaroslavl.
In 2005, the historic centre of Yaroslavl was included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 2010, Yaroslavl celebrated its lOOOth birthday.