The 37 British War Dead at Vladivostok, and the 13 names on the Vladivostok Memorial, are due to the period of confusion in Siberia which followed the Treaty of Brest Litovsk. The establishment of a Siberian (anti-Bolshevik) Republic in December 1917 (and of other Republics in Siberia a little later) was followed by the march of the Czechoslovak Divisions in the Russian service from Poland Eastwards, and in particular by the arrival of the 2nd Czechoslovak Division at Vladivostok in May 1918. The Japanese Government had sent a small detachment to that port in January, 1918; British and Japanese Marines landed on the 5th April; a British battalion came in June, and another in December, and in October a stronger Canadian force had landed. The autumn fighting went in favour of the Allies and Admiral Koltchak’s Government, but the tide turned in 1919. An official French statement gave the number of troops of nine Allied or Associated nations in Siberia, in March 1919, as nearly 120,000, including 55,000 Czechoslovaks; they were gradually withdrawn. The British and Japanese left in the winter of 1919; Koltchak was finally defeated on the 8th January 1920, at Krasnoyarsk; the Czechoslovaks and an American hospital evacuated Vladivostok in March 1920.
The Siberian Expeditionary Force was mainly Canadian, and it included No.11 Canadian Stationary Hospital and No.16 Canadian Field Ambulance. It left the graves of 15 Canadian soldiers and 13 from the United Kingdom in Churkin Russian Naval Cemetery; those of seven sailors of the Royal Navy, one Marine and one United Kingdom soldier in the Lutheran part of Pokrovskaya Cemetery; and those of ten soldiers from the United Kingdom and three from Canada at other places in Siberia.
CHURKIN RUSSIAN NAVAL CEMETERY, VLADIVOSTOK, on the Churkin peninsula, was used by British, French, American and Czechoslovak troops. The Canadian Government erected a central monument in the British plot; and on this, the VLADIVOSTOK MEMORIAL, are inscribed the names of the 13 British soldiers whose graves are in other parts of Siberia.
1. ANNELLS, C.S.M. Thomas, PW/2618, M.S.M. 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. Died of sickness 31st July, 1919. Age 31. Son of William Henry and Mary Jane Annells; husband of Edith Rose Annells, of 1, Cypress Cottage, Brasted, Kent. F. 4.
19. OSOLL, E.V.W. British Military Mission, formerly (684642) 259th Bn. Canadian Inf.
20. SOTHERN, Pte. R., 3348086. 260th Bn. Canadian inf. 4th March, 1919. B. 7.
21. STEPHENSON, Pte. Edwin Howard, 2611974. 11st Stat. Hasp. Canadian Army Medical carps. 24th May, 1919. Age 33. Son of William Howard Stephenson and Caroline Emily Stephenson. of 102, Lottridge St.. Hamilton, Ontario. Born at Tillsonburg, Ontario. B.A. (Western). Priest of Anglican Church. F. 2.
22. THRING, Lt. A.H., 260th Bn. Canadian Inf. 18th March, 1919. C. 2.
23. TONG, Pte. A., G/39726 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. 17th May, 1919. A. 10.
24. WARD, Pte. Fredric Eaton, 3181048, 20th Coy. Canadian Machine Gun Corps. 2nd March, 1919. Age 24. Son of Mary Frances Ward. of 23, Miller St., Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the late Frederic Ward. B. 1.
26. WORTHINGTON, Q.M.S. Ernest. 479930, Canadian Base Depot. Died of pneumonia 6th March, 1919, Age 39. Son of the late Mr. and Mrs. John Worthington, of Croydon, England husband of E.P. Wyllie (formerly Worthington). of 517, Joffre St., Esquimalt, British Columbia. Served in the South African War. B. 5.
27. WRIGLEY, Pte. William, 102791. 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. 31st August, 1919. Age 38. Husband of Florence Wrigley, of 268, Lee St., Oldham. E. 3.
28. WYNN, Serjt. J.S.M., 2006180. 16th Field Coy. Canadian Engineers. 11th January, 1918. Age 35. Son Joseph and Emily M. Wynn, of 625, Cataract Avenue, Niagara Falls. A. 2.
1. BIDDLE, Pte. Edward, 77103. Base Guard, Canadian Inf. 22nd October, 1915.
2. BURT, Pte. Leonard Robert, 355725. 1st/9th Bn. Hampshire Regt. 29th May, 1919.
3. BUTLER, Rfn. Harold Leo, 2768761. 259th Bn. Canadian Inf. 31st December, 1918.
- 37 -
4. CROSSLEY, Pte. George W., G/99184. 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. 17th December, 1918.
5. DIGBY-JONES, Capt. Charles Kenelm. Royal Engineers. 25th September, 1918. Husband of C.J. Digby-Jones.
6. FULLER, Pte. John, TF/208200. 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. 16th January, 1919. Age 24. Son of Thomas William Fuller, of Rowtown, Ottershaw, Chertsey, Surrey.
11. STEEL, Lt. Col. Edward Anthony, D.S.O. Royal Field Artillery. 14th October, 1919. Age 38. Served in West Africa, 1904-6 (twice Mentioned in Despatches employed with W. African Frontier Force, 1904-8; with Anglo-Belgian Boundary Commission, N. Rhodesia, 1912-14; European War 1914-16 (twice Mentioned in Despatches).
12. TAYLOR, Pte. William Humphrey, 39829. 1st/9th Bn. Hampshire Regt. Drowned 30th July, 1919. Age 35. Son of Henrietta Sophia Taylor, of 150 Wilmot St., Bethnal Green, London, and the late William Taylor.
13. WEBB, Serjt. Samuel James, G/39394. 25th Bn. Middlesex Regt. Died of dysentery 13th September, 1918. Age 42. Husband of Rose Hannah Webb, of Bledington, Kingham, Oxon.
P0KROVSKAYA CEMETERY, VLADIVOSTOK, is in the town. The nine British graves are in the South-East part of the cemetery, in the Lutheran plot.
8. SMITH, Ldg. Sto. D.J., 297225. R.N. H.M.S. “Carlisle.” 24th September, 1919. Age 30. Son of David John and Norah Smith; husband of Elizabeth Smith, of 35, old Church Rd., Commercial Rd., Stepney, London.
9. WADE, Pte. E.C., 39623. 25th Bn. Middlese. Regt. 16th September, 1918. Age 22. Son of Mary Ann Wade, of 60, Gorbeck, Coddenham, Suffolk, and the late William Wade.
Reprinted by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Maidenhead
 Officer’s Steward 2nd Class Joseph Ayres L.625
 Yeoman of Signals Patrick Casey 227466
 Able Seamen Thomas M. Cheeseborough J.85493
 Able Seamen Stanley Chisman
 Able Seamen Edward H. Coate J.16309
 Leading Seamen George Dawes J.12434
 Signalmen Thomas W. Farmer J.33401
 Able Seamen Leonard Glanville J.90427
 Commander Sebald W. B. Green R.N.
 Able Seamen Sidney Hill S.S.8798
 Leading Seamen Alexander Keith 195605
 Able Seamen William G. Leadbetter J.20444
 Able Seamen John R. McCoy S.S.7701
 Stoker 1st Class John McCrae K.22922
 Captain Dugald MacDougall R.A.F.
 Acting-Lieutenant Ciril Edward McLaughlin, R.N.
 Able Seamen Lancelot W. H. Smith J.14515
 Able Seamen Ernest Snellgrove J.43244
 Armourer’s Crew Harold Sykes J.55280
 Able Seamen Henry Wright J.25323
 Aircraftsman 1st Class Henry W. Scudder 227344