Engineering is the ideal field for people with a very strong …. of maths and science and a very analytical mind. Engineering jobs require at least a four-year …. usually in engineering or in some cases …. degrees such as mathematics or physical science may be accepted. instead. Engineers specialize in different fields such as mechanical, civil, aerospace, chemical and industrial engineering. Engineers have one of the highest starting salaries of any field because such an …. education is required in order to become an engineer and in order to focus an engineer’s time as much as possible there are many related ….. positions. Often right below an engineer is an engineering technology graduate and another support position is that of an engineering technician. Some related careers include positions as computer-aided-drafting or CAD-technicians (also known as drafters) who work for the engineers to draw out the design and …..
1.3. Translate the phrases given below from English into your language. Then discuss your translation with your neighbour.
ñ related degrees may be accepted
ñ specialize in different fields
ñ an extensive education is required
ñ computer-aided drafting
ñ a strong grasp of maths and science
1.4. Listen again and answer the questions.
1.What fields do engineers specialize in?
2.The knowledge of what subjects is required to get a job in engineering ?
3.What education should one obtain to become an engineer ?
Mechanical engineers know about machines. They …. engines, robots and generators but they also design everyday items like kitchen …. and power tools. Whatever the device, if it has moving parts mechanical engineers will almost certainly …. in its creation. That’s because this is the broadest of all engineering disciplines.
Some mechanical engineers, for example, do the …. needed to create a product; others design the product itself, while still others design the machines to make the product. When an …. is highly technical mechanical engineers may even be involved in selling the product. You’ll need excellent maths and science …. plus the ability to think analytically and to …. with abstract ideas.
A …. for creative problem solving is also helpful.
So work can be …. but mechanical engineers often get to see their designs turn into new products and machines which can be very …. indeed.
2.3. Translate the phrases given below from English into your language. Then discuss your translation with your neighbour.
ñ power tools
ñ to be involved in selling
ñ to do research
ñ maths and science skills
ñ to deal with abstract ideas
ñ kitchen appliances
2.4. Listen again and answer the questions.
1. What is the broadest of all engineering disciplines ?
2. What does the job of a mechanical engineer involve ?
3. What qualities are most important for a mechanical engineer and why ?
4. What do mechanical engineers deal with ?
5.Do you find the job of a mechanical engineer satisfying or demanding and why?
3.1. Listen to the text.
3.2. Complete the text with the words or phrases from the box. Then listen and check.
Finding the most effective way to produce a product or a service is the job of industrial engineers. They are the …. between management goals and the work that must be done to …. those goals. They solve problems by combining production resources: people, machines, materials, information and energy. They use mathematical techniques, …. computer systems, cost analysis, financial planning, quality control and complex distribution plans to improve .... A bachelor’s degree is minimal but a master’s degree or PhD. …. more respect in a marketplace. Students who are good at problem-solving, mathematics, computer applications, science and systems analysis may want to …. this career. Although they usually work in comfortable office surroundings, industrial engineers may spend days observing problems and testing strategies in plants and …. centers. They may also travel a great deal. Experienced industrial engineers who successfully pursue opportunities and management science can rise to upper levels of strategic planning and management.
3.3. Translate the words and phrases given below from English into your language. Then discuss your translation with your neighbour.
ñ to achieve goals
ñ cost analysis
ñ to improve profit
ñ to command respect
ñ good at problem solving
ñ pursue career / opportunities
ñ strategic planning and management
3.4. Work with a partner. Answer the questions below. Write 2 or 3 sentences. Then read the answers to the class.
1.What is the role of an industrial engineer ?
2. What problems do they solve and how ?
3. What qualifications are necessary for the job of an industrial engineer ?
4. Do industrial engineers always work in the office ?
5. Does the job involve travelling ?
6. Is there any possibility for a career growth in this profession.
Now that so many of us have computers we …. to take them for granted. We turn them on and we expect them to do work perfectly. But without computer software engineers we would be staring at empty screens. Most of these engineers are driven by an eager desire to learn what makes the box come to life and ideas for …. the machine’s reach. Basically ….. is to computer what programs are to television. Software is the content that you look at and …. with on a computer. With training at a career school, college or …. these engineers analyze and solve programming problems and create the …. for code writers that write the tiny steps that make up a program. They may have to work evenings or weekends to meet …. or to solve unexpected technical problems. One of the ….. for computer software engineers is to constantly …. their awareness and skills. It is essential to have a strong grasp of mathematics and the ability to follow varied details of the instructions. Software engineers also need old-fashioned communication skills so they can analyze and …. the needs of today’s computer users as well as users of tomorrow.
4.3. Translate phrases given below from English into your language. Then discuss your translation with your neighbour. Tell the class if you agree or disagree with your translations, and why.
ñ to take for granted
ñ driven by an eager desire
ñ make the box come to life
ñ expanding the machine's reach
ñ create the framework for code-writers
ñ make up a program
ñ meet deadlines/meet the needs of computer users
ñ update awareness and skills
4.4. Read the questions given below and write the answers. Read your answers to your partner. Do you agree with each other ? Read the answers to the class.
1. How can you define software ?
2. How do computer software engineers work ?
3. Why is it important for them to update awareness and skills ?
Computers are everywhere. They’re in your car, in your VCR and in your microwave oven. And of course they are on your desktop at home, school and work. But no computer anywhere can do anything without precise detailed .... Those instructions are called “programs” and they are created by computer programmers using computer languages like Java, C++, Visual Basic, Cobol, SAS, DB2 and others. A programmer’s real skill is in …. a job down into a series of small steps and in …. problems. For example, what should a cash machine do when a customer …. the wrong password? What happens when a cellphone battery is getting low? Or what if a fax comes in when the fax machine is out of paper? A programmer may work on a program …. for a specific job or client or on designing or revising …. software for general use. These programs include games and educational software as well as …. for desktop publishing, financial planning, ….. or many other applications. Not surprisingly, the …. for computer a programmer is expected to grow faster than …. in the coming years. But prospects are best for college graduates with both computer training and some knowledge of the business or industry in which they hope to …. their programming skills.
5.3. Translate the phrases given below from English into your language. Then discuss your translation with your neighbour.
ñ precise detailed instructions
ñ breaking a job down into steps
ñ cash machine
ñ enter a password
ñ intended for a specific job
ñ package software
ñ demand for a computer programmer
ñ apply programming skills
5.4. Work with a partner. Answer the questions below. Write 2 or 3 sentences. Then read the answers to the class.