1) Mathematicians will soon stop doing maths – computers will do the job.
2) Some researchers, though quite rarely, experiment on humans without their consent, and sometimes misrepresent their findings in order to attract funding and gain scientific prestige.
3) Scientific research has meaning only if it is done to reveal something unknown or vague.
4) History teaches the continuity of the development of science.
5) As long as a branch of science offers an abundance of problems, so long it is alive.
4.3. EXPLANATION, COMMENT. Respond to the following. You may use:
I mean to say. What I mean is that …
To put it another way, …
It means (that) …
That is to say
In other words, …
1) One must, obviously, reject the idea of knowing everything about all sciences – specialization
has become inevitable.
2) When the natural sciences are highly developed, the applied sciences — engineering, medicine,
agronomy, etc.— are in advantageous conditions.
3) It is not easy to evaluate the work of a researcher in the sphere of fundamental or pure sciences. It is much simpler to assess the work of an engineer.
4) Every new generation of scientists stands on the shoulders of its predecessors.
5) It is by the solution of problems that the investigator tests the temper of his steel. (to find new, more sophisticated methods, new outlooks; to gain new knowledge, to suggest bold hypotheses; to broaden the horizons of his investigation)
4.4. INTERPRET the statements below. You may find the following phrases useful:
It is essential to note that…; It should be stressed that …;
It must be mentioned that…; I’d like to emphasize that…;
1) A researcher is interested not only in the subject he is doing but in his science as a whole.
Vocabulary: to get pleasure from explaining any of one's problems; to give a clear and full
answer to questions; to be of help (of service) with one's knowledge and experience; to get satisfaction from merely speaking of one's work; to see one's place in science; to know the history of one's science; to be enthusiastic about one's work; to enjoy teaching one's science to others; to devote most of one's time to science; to have other Interests outside one's field; to keep abreast of the achievements in one's science and other related disciplines.
2) A skeptic may erroneously conclude that practitioners of natural science have managed to cope
with their problems without the help of theoretical science.
Vocabulary: to advance along its own road; to use traditional techniques; various spheres of
technology; to be perfected /improved without the help of science; to develop at a faster rate; to put
forward new ideas; to translate ideas into practice; to propose new (more sophisticated) methods; to facilitate the production; to find answers to practical questions; to move ideas and experiments from laboratory; to benefit from theory; applied sciences; practical utilization of a scientific discovery; to have influence /impact on practical affairs; to have effect on the applied sciences.