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Years between Paekche and Silla broke. The occupation of the

basin opened to chair access to China by the western sea.

... The development of external relations with China:

At different times, launched attacks against China.

They took advantage of the division of China by the confrontation

between the dynasties of the north and south.

Adopted elements of Chinese culture.

In particular, Koguryo was faced with the unified China, first Sui and

Tang after. Both dynasties failed to hold Koguryo, however they did

damage it with each invasion attempt.

ž There were two shafts 589, on the one hand Koguryo, Bekche, Tuchue (Turks from the northern steppes) and We of Japan, against Sui and Silla. (Battle of Salsu at 612).

ž Political Structure: were established as centralized aristocratic States, through various processes of evolution. This period was characterized by the dominance of a small number of aristocratic clans in the task of consolidating its dominance in the context of their societies. On the other hand, the villages

inhabited by peasants, were the basic units of the regional administrative structure.

.... Culture: the introduction of the Chinese writing

System, which had come from a culture of iron. As in the

Chinese dynasty, each kingdom was given the task of

Creating their own historical records. The three

kingdoms gave great importance to social moral

Confucianism to maintain order of aristocratic

Society. Unmarried children of the aristocracy had to

study the five Confucian classics.

ž Buddhism: accepted officially as a religion, it came

from China. In Kogurio it entered in 372, in Bekche at 384

and Silla in 535. Buddhism served to the unification of

Their states, hence this Buddhism is characterized by a

Function of safeguarding state forms. Exhorted monks

to fight bravely in the battles to safeguard the state and

its rulers. Buddhist monks in Korea were the ones who

Introduced the culture of China.

.... SILLA negotiated an alliance with the Tang dynasty against Koguryo and

Paekche.

ž Paekche attacked first. The kingdom was destroyed in 660.

ž In Koguryo, due to internal disputes, the forces of Silla and Tang finished

Pyang Pyong in 668.

ž Subsequently, Tang tried to submit Silla. Who joined Paekche and

Koguryo and fought Tang for 10 years. Silla defeated Tang and their navy

destroyed and unified the three kingdoms in the year 676.

ž This unification was limited to southern Taedong River and the Bay of

Wonsan. However, it set the basis on which it would build an independent

Nation and a national culture. Except residents of Koguryo in Manchuria,

formed a national culture under one government and one system.

ž In Manchuria the kingdom of Parhae was founded by people of

Koguryo, which lasted 200 years, Manchuria was far from the stage of

development of the Korean people.

ž Unified Silla merged cultures of the Three Kingdoms and was influenced



by Tang, creating a national culture advanced.

ž Buddhism developed and spread among the people of Silla.

ž Also extended the study of Chinese classics among aristocrats.


Date: 2015-12-18; view: 159


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