2. Sue lives in this building. Where's her flat exactly? ---.
3. Where is the woman standing? ---.
4. Where is the man standing? ---.
5. Where's the dog? ---.
6. What's the man doing?
He's looking ---.
7. Ann is in this group of people. Where is she? ---.
8. Tom is at the cinema. Where is he sitting? ---.
9. a. Where's the post office? ---.
b. And the bank? ---.
10. Where does Kate work? ---.
123.2 Complete the sentences. Use in, at or on + one of the following:
the west coast the world the front row the right the back of the envelope the sky the back of the class my way to work
1. it was a lovely day. There wasn't a cloud _in the sky._
2. In most countries people drive ---.
3. What is the tallest building ---?
4. I usually buy a newspaper --- in the morning.
5. San Francisco is --- of the United States.
6. We went to the theatre last night. We had seats ---.
7. I couldn't hear the teacher very well. She spoke quietly and I was sitting ---.
8. When you send a letter, it is a good idea to write your name and address ---.
123.3 Complete the sentences with in, at or on.
1. It can be dangerous when children play --- the street.
2. If you walk to the end of the street, you'll see a small shop --- the corner.
3. Is Tom --- this photograph? I can't find him.
4. My office is the first floor. It's --- the left as you come out of the lift.
5. We normally use the front entrance but there's another entrance --- the back.
6. A: Is there anything interesting --- the paper today?
B: Well, there's an unusual photograph --- the back page.
7. I love to look up at the stars --- the sky at night.
8. (in a restaurant) 'Where shall we sit?' 'Over there, --- the corner.'
9. When I'm a passenger in a car, I prefer to sit --- the front.
10. It's a very small village. You probably won't find it --- your map.
11. Paris is --- the river Seine.
UNIT 124 In/at/on (place) (3)
A. In bed/at home etc.
We say that somebody is in bed/in hospital/in prison:
* Mark isn't up yet. He's still in bed.
* Kay's mother is in hospital.
We say that somebody is at home/at work/at school/at university/at college:
* I'll be at work until 5.30 but I'll be at home all evening.
* Julia is studying chemistry at university.
Also at sea (= on a voyage). Compare at sea and in the sea:
* It was a long voyage. We were at sea for 30 days.
* I love swimming in the sea.
B. At a party/at a concert etc.
We say that somebody is at an event (at a party/at a conference etc.):
* Were there many people at the party/at the meeting?
* I saw Jack at a football match/at a concert last Saturday.
C. In and at for buildings
You can often use in or at with buildings. For example, you can eat in a restaurant or at a restaurant. We usually say at when we say where an event takes place (for example, a concert, a film, a party, a meeting, a sports event):
* We went to a concert at the Royal Festival Hall.
* The meeting took place at the company's headquarters.
* The film I want to see is showing at the Odeon (cinema).
We say at the station/at the airport:
* Don't meet me at the station. I can get a taxi.
We say at somebody's house:
* I was at Judy's house last night. or I was at Judy's last night.
Also: at the doctor's, at the hairdresser's etc.
We use in when we are thinking about the building itself:
* The rooms in Judy's house are very small. (not 'at Judy's house')
* I enjoyed the film but it was very cold in the cinema. (not 'at the cinema')
D. In and at for towns etc.
We normally use in with cities, towns and villages:
* Tom's parents live in Nottingham. (not 'at Nottingham')
* The Louvre is a famous art museum in Paris. (not 'at Paris')
But you can use at or in when you think of the place as a point or station on a journey:
* Do you know if this train stops at (or in) Nottingham? (=at Nottingham station)
* We stopped at (or in) a small village on the way to London.
E. On a bus/in a car etc.
We usually say on a bus/on a train/on a plane/on a ship but in a car/in a taxi:
* The bus was very full. There were too many people on it.
* George arrived in a taxi.
We say on a bicycle/on a motorcycle/on a horse:
* Mary passed me on her bicycle.
For by bus/by car/by bicycle etc., see Unit 127.
124.1 Complete the sentences about the pictures. Use in, at or on with the words below the pictures.
(the airport) (a train) (a conference) (hospital) (the hairdresser) (her bicycle),(New York) (the National Theatre)
1. You can hire a car _at the airport._
2. Dave is ---.
3. Tessa is ---.
4. Martinis ---.
5. Judy is ---.
6. I saw Mary ---.
7. We spent a few days ---.
8. We saw a play ---.
124.2 Complete the sentences. Use in, at or on + one of the following:
sea hospital bed the station the cinema the plane school prison the airport the Sports Centre
1. My train arrives at 11.30. Can you meet me _at the station?_
2. I didn't feel very well when I woke up, so I stayed ---.
3. I think I'd like to see a film. What's on --- this week?
4. Some people are --- for crimes that they did not commit.
5. 'What does your sister do? Has she got a job?' 'No, she's still ---.
6. I play basketball --- on Friday evenings.
7. A friend of mine was injured in an accident a few days ago. She's still ---.
8. Our flight was delayed. We had to wait --- for four hours.
9. I enjoyed the flight but the food --- wasn't very nice.
10. Bill works on ships. He is away --- most of the time.
124.3 Complete these sentences with in, at or on.
1. I didn't see you --- the party on Saturday. Where were you?
2. It was a very slow train. It stopped --- every station.
3. I don't know where my umbrella is. Perhaps I left it --- the bus.
4. Shall we travel --- your car or mine?
5. The exhibition --- the Museum of Modern Art finished on Saturday.
6. We stayed a very nice hotel when we were --- Amsterdam.
7. There were fifty rooms --- the hotel.
8. Tom is ill. He wasn't --- work today. He was --- home --- bed.
9. I wasn't in when you phoned. I was --- my sister's house.
10. It's always too hot --- my sister's house. The heating is always on too high.
11. I haven't seen Kate for some time. I last saw her --- Dave's wedding.
12. Paul lives --- London. He's a student --- London University.
UNIT 125 To/at/in/into
A. We say go/come/travel (etc.) to a place or event. For example:
go to America, go to bed, take (somebody) to hospital, return to Italy, go to the bank, come to my house, drive to the airport, go to a concert, be sent to prison
* When are your friends returning to Italy? (not 'returning in Italy')
* After the accident three people were taken to hospital.
In the same way we say: on my way to./a journey to./a trip to. welcome to. etc.:
* Welcome to our country! (not 'welcome in')
Compare to (for movement) and in/at (for position):
* They are going to France. but They live in France.
* Can you come to the party? but I'll see you at the party.
B. Been to
We usually say 'I've been to a place':
* I've been to Italy four times but I've never been to Rome.
* Ann has never been to a football match in her life.
* Jack has got some money. He has just been to the bank.
C. Get and arrive
We say 'get to a place':
* What time did they get to London/get to work/get to the party?
But we say 'arrive in ...' or 'arrive at ...' (not 'arrive to').
We say 'arrive in a country or town/city':
* When did they arrive in Britain/arrive in London?
For other places (buildings etc.) or events, we say 'arrive at':
* What time did they arrive at the hotel/arrive at the party/arrive at work?
We do not say 'to home'. We say go home/come home/get home/arrive home/on the way home etc. (no preposition):
* I'm tired. Let's go home. (not 'go to home')
* I met Caroline on my way home.
But we say 'be at home', 'stay at home', 'do something at home' etc. See Units 73C and 124A.
'Go into ...', 'get into...' etc. = 'enter' (a room/a building/a car etc.):
* She got into the car and drove away.
* A bird flew into the kitchen through the window.
We sometimes use in (instead of into):
* Don't wait outside. Come in the house. (or Come into the house.)
Note that we say 'enter a building/enter a room' etc. (not 'enter into')
The opposite of into is out of:
* She got out of the car and went into a shop.
Note that we usually say 'get on/off a bus/a train/a plane':
* She got on the bus and I never saw her again.
125.1 Put in to/at/in/into where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).
1. Three people were taken _to_ hospital after the accident.
2. I met Caroline on my way (-) home. (no preposition)
3. We left our luggage --- the station and went to find something to eat.
4. Shall we take a taxi--- the station or shall we walk?
5. I must go --- the bank today to change some money.
6. The river Rhine flows --- the North Sea.
7. I'm tired. As soon as I get --- home, I'm going bed.
8. 'Have you got your camera?' 'No, I left it --- home.'
9. Marcel is French. He has just returned --- France after two years --- Brazil.
10. Are you going --- Linda's party next week?
11. Carl was born --- Chicago but his family moved --- New York when he was three. He still lives --- New York.
12. Have you ever been --- China?
13. I had lost my key but I managed to climb --- the house through a window.
14. We got stuck in a traffic jam on our way --- the airport.
15. We had lunch --- the airport while we were waiting for our plane.
16. Welcome --- the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.
17. What do you say to someone visiting your town or country? Welcome ---!
125.2 Have you been to these places? If so, how many times? Choose three of the places and write a sentence using been to.
Athens Australia Ireland London Paris Rome Sweden the United States
1. (example answers) _I've never been to Australia./I've been to Australia three times._
125.3 Put in to/at/in where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).
1. What time does this train get _to_ London?
2. What time does this train arrive --- London?
3. What time did you get --- home last night?
4. What time do you usually arrive --- work in the morning?
5. When we got --- the cinema, there was a long queue outside.
6. I arrived --- home feeling very tired.
125.4 Write sentences using got into/out of/on/off.
1. You were walking home. A friend passed you in her car. She saw you, stopped and offered you a lift. She opened the door. What did you do? _I got into the car._
2. You were waiting for the bus. At last your bus came. The doors opened. What did you do then? I ---.
3. You drove home in your car. You arrived at your house and parked the car. What did you do then? ---.
4. You were travelling by train to Manchester. When the train got to Manchester, what did you do? ---.
5. You needed a taxi. After a few minutes a taxi stopped for you. You opened the door. What did you do then? ---.
6. You were travelling by air. At the end of your flight the plane landed at the airport and stopped. The doors were opened, you took your bag and stood up. What did you do then? ---.
UNIT 126 On/in/at (other uses)
A. On holiday etc.
(be/go) on holiday/on business/on a trip/on a tour/on a cruise etc.:
* Tom's away at the moment. He's on holiday in France. (not' in holiday')
* Did you go to Germany on business or on holiday?
* One day I'd like to go on a world tour.
Note that you can also say: 'go to a place for a holiday/for my holiday(s)':
* Tom has gone to France for a holiday. (not 'for holiday')
* Where are you going for your holidays next summer?
B. Other expressions with on
on television/on the radio:
* I didn't watch the news on television, but I heard it on the radio. on the phone/telephone:
* You can't phone me. I'm not on the phone. (= I haven't got a phone.)
* I've never met her but I've spoken to her on the phone.
(be/go) on strike/on a diet:
* There are no trains today. The railway workers are on strike.
* I've put on a lot of weight. I'll have to go on a diet.
(be) on fire:
* Look! That car is on fire!
on the whole (= in general):
* Sometimes I have problems at work but on the whole I enjoy my job.
on purpose (= intentionally):
* I'm sorry. I didn't mean to annoy you. I didn't do it on purpose.
But: by mistake/by chance/by accident (see Unit 127).
C. Expressions with in
in the rain/in the sun (=sunshine)/in the shade/in the dark in bad weather etc.:
* We sat in the shade. It was too hot to sit in the sun.
* Don't go out in the rain. Wait until it stops.
(write) in ink/in biro/in pencil:
* When you do the exam, you're not allowed to write in pencil.
Also: in words, in figures, in BLOCK LETTERS etc.:
* Please fill in the form in block letters.
(pay) in cash:
* I paid the bill in cash. but I paid by cheque by credit card (see Unit 127).
(be/fall) in love (with somebody):
* Have you ever been in love with anybody?
in (my) opinion:
* In my opinion, the film wasn't very good.
D. At the age of... etc.
We say: at the age of .../at a speed of .../at a temperature of ... etc. For example:
* Jill left school at 16. or ... at the age of 16.
* The train was travelling at 120 miles an hour. or ... at a speed of 120 miles an hour.
* Water boils at 100 degrees celsius.
126.1 Complete the sentences using on + one of the following:
business strike a tour the whole television fire holiday a diet the phone purpose
1. Look! That car is _free!_ Somebody call the fire brigade.
2. It's difficult to contact Sarah because she's not ---.
3. Workers at the factory have gone --- for better pay and conditions.
4. Soon after we arrived, we were taken --- of the city.
5. A: I'm going --- next week.
B: Are you? Where are you going? Somewhere nice?
6. I feel lazy this evening. Is there anything worth watching ---?
7. I'm sorry. It was an accident. I didn't do it ---.
8. George has put on a lot of weight recently. I think he should go ---.
9. Jane's job involves a lot of travelling. She often has to go away ---.
10. A: How did your exams go?
B: Well, there were some difficult questions but --- they were OK.
126.2 Complete the sentences using in + one of the following:
block letters cash my opinion the shade cold weather love pencil
1. He likes to keep warm, so he doesn't go out much ---.
2. Diane never uses a pen. She always writes ---.
3. They fell --- with each other almost immediately and were married in a few weeks.
4. Please write your address clearly, preferably ---.
5. I don't like the sun. I prefer to sit ---.
6. Ann thought the restaurant was OK, but --- it wasn't very good.
7. I hardly ever use a credit card or cheques. I prefer to pay for things ---.
126.3 Put in the correct preposition: on, in, at, or for.
1. Water boils _at_ 100 degrees celsius.
2. When I was 14, I went --- a trip to France organised by my school.
3. I wouldn't like his job. He spends most of his time talking --- the phone.
4. Julia's grandmother died recently --- the age of 79.
5. Can you turn the light on, please? I don't want to sit --- the dark.
6. We didn't go --- holiday last year. We stayed at home.
7. I'm going to Scotland --- a short holiday next month.
8. I won't be here next week. I'll be --- holiday.
9. He got married --- 17, which is rather young to get married.
10. There was an interesting programme --- the radio this morning.
11. my opinion, violent films should not be shown --- television.