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ELDERLY AND DISABLED PEOPLE

 

 

ELDERLY PEOPLE. Services for elderly people are provided by statutory and voluntary bodies to help them to live at home whenever possible. ( Only about 5 per cent of the elderly over 65 live in institutional accommodation. ) These services may include advice and help given by social workers, domestic help, the provision of meals in the home, sitters-in, night attendants and laundry services as well as day centers, luncheon clubs and recreational facilities. Appropriate adaptations to the home can overcome problems of restricted mobility, and a wide range of environmental aids is available for people with impaired hearing or vision.

Dispersed alarm systems have been developed to help elderly housebound people obtain assistance in an emergency. In some areas good neighbour and friendly visiting services are arranged by the local authority or a voluntary organization. Many local authorities provide free or subsidized travel to elderly people within their areas. Social services authorities also provide residential home care for the elderly and infirm and register and inspect home run by voluntary organizations or privately.

As part of their responsibility for public housing, local authorities provide accommodation specially designed for elderly people; some of these developments have resident wardens. Housing associations and private builders also build this type of accommodation.

DISABLED PEOPLE. Britain has an estimated 6 million adults with one or more disabilities, of whom around 400,000 or 7 per cent in some kind of communal establishment. Local social services authorities provide a wide range of personal social services for disabled people to help with social rehabilitation and adjustment to disability. They are also required to establish the number of disabled people in their area and to publicize services, which may include counseling on personal and social problems arising from disability; occupational, educational, social and recreational facilities, either at day centers or elsewhere; adaptations to homes ( such as ramps for wheelchairs, and ground-floor toilets ); aids to daily living; the delivery of cooked meals; and domestic or care attendant help. In cases of special need, help may be given with the installation of a telephone or a television set. For severely disabled people residential accommodation or respite care may be available for those able to look after themselves. Some authorities provide free or subsidized travel for disabled people on public transport, and they are encouraged to provide special access facilities to public buildings. Special government regulations cover the provision of access for disabled people in the construction of new buildings.

 

Read the following words and define their meanings.

 

Centre, club, adaptation, problem, mobility, assistance, visit, residential, register, inspect, rehabilitation, number, recreational, toilet, special, telephone, television set, transport, provision, construction, data, benefit.



 

 

Form nouns of the following verbs.

 

V(-t,-te ) + tion N

To construct - ______________

To estimate - ______________

To accommodate - _____________

To rehabilitate - ________________

To recreate - _________________

To associate - _______________________

To regulate - _______________________

To institute - ________________________

 

V + ation N

To adapt - ___________

To install - ____________

 

V + ment - N

To establish - _____________

To adjust - ________________

 

 

Form adverbs of the following adjectives.

 

Adj + ly Adv

Private - ______________

Severe - ______________

Personal - ______________

 

Make up all possible combinations using the words from both columns.

 

1. provide a. domestic support

2. include b. services

3. adapted to c. mobility

4. restricted d. accommodation

5. impaired e. system

6. dispersed f. travel

7. developed g. hearing

8. arranged h. constructions

9. subsidized i. homes

10. designed j. help,care

11. estimated k. meals

12. required l. results

13. cooked m. benefits

14. encourage n. illness

15. caused by o. special access facilities to public buildings

p. vision

 

Answer the following questions.

 

b) What organizations provide social services for elderly people ?

c) What is the main purpose of providing services for elderly people by statutory and voluntary bodies ?

d) What may the services of statutory and voluntary bodies include?

e) Do these services include only advice and domestic help ?

f) Where else can advice and help be given to elderly people ?

g) What problems can be overcome through appropriate adaptations to the home ?

h) What categories of elderly people need environmental aids ?

i) What organizations provide residential home care for elderly people?

j) Are there many adults with one or more disabilities in Britain ?

k) What social services authorities help disabled people with social rehabilitation adjustment to disability ?

l) What are local social services authorities required to do ?

m) What problems may arise from disability?

n) What help may be given in cases of special need ?

o) What care may be provided for severely disabled people ?

 


Date: 2015-01-29; view: 289


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