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What is an assimilation?

Assimilation (from Latin assimilatio; "to render similar") may refer to more than one article.

Assimilation- Piagetian concept of the incorporation of new concepts into existing schemes.

Assimilation (linguistics), a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound.

Assimilation (biology), the conversion of nutrient into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption.

Cultural assimilation, the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture. For cultural assimilation of Native Americans in the United States see Americanization (of Native Americans).

Assimilation is the process by which two (or more) sounds become more similar to each other. This similarity is achieved by one of the sounds taking characteristics from the other one. Assimilations may be classified according to the direction in which the borrowing of characteristics is affected. Thus. For two adjacent sounds, if a sound takes features from the sound following it we talk about regressive or anticipatory assimilation since the features from the sound preceding it, we talk about regressive or anticipatory assimilation since the features “move” backwards or are anticipated, when a sound takes features from the sound preceding it, we talk about progressive or perseverative assimilation since the features move forward they persevere into the following sound.

 

BEFORE A VELAR (/k/, /g/)
Phoneme Realised as Example  
/n/ /ŋ/ bank /bæŋk/  
/d/ /g/ good girl /gʊg gɜ:l/  
/t/ /k/ that kid /ðæk kɪd/  

 

BEFORE A BILABIAL (/m/, /b/, /p/)
Phoneme Realised as Example  
/n/ /m/ ten men /tem 'men/  
/d/ /b/ bad boys /bæb ˈbɔɪz/  
/t/ /p/ hot mushrooms /ˈhɒp ˈmʌʃru:mz/  

 


Date: 2015-01-29; view: 390


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