Home Random Page


CATEGORIES:

BiologyChemistryConstructionCultureEcologyEconomyElectronicsFinanceGeographyHistoryInformaticsLawMathematicsMechanicsMedicineOtherPedagogyPhilosophyPhysicsPolicyPsychologySociologySportTourism






THEME 14 Problems of human in philosophy.

Self-consciousness as being "non-positional". Role of Self-consciousness in behaviour of people. Self. Shyness or introvertism as philosophical and psychological problem of Human. Self-consciousness as a critical mystery in ancient philosophy, psychology, biology, and artificial intellegence.

 

PROGRAMME (EXAMINATION) QUESTIONS.

 

1. When did philosophy begin?

2. Where did philosophy begin?

3. The first "scientists" in Ancient Greece.

4.. Philosophy as the form of human spiritual activity.

5. What does philosophy involve?

6. The main peculiarity of philosophy.

7. What schools the fundamental question of philosophy connected with?

8. Why does philosophy differ from mythology very much?

9. The notions of mythology.

10. What philosophical school claims that origins of our world is an idea (God, Gods mind, universal intelligence, universal reason or absolute spirit )?

11. What discipline tries to explain that moral principles have an objective foundation?

12. The main function of philosophy?

13 Philosophy as humanitarian discipline its targets.

14. What does philosophy usually use?

15 Materialistic notions.

16. The fundamental question of the human?

17. The scientific methods of cognition.

18. Notion od the culture.

19. Functions of philosophy.

20. Explanation of experiment.

21. Oldest major world religion.

22. Hinduisms origin.

23. What does moksha mean?

24. Where do many streams of hinduistic thought flow from?

25. What does ahimsa mean?

26. What things are common to all Hindus?

27.Fundamental principles of hinduism.

28. What classical text is Confucianism based on?

29. What was the mainstream ideology in China?

30 Taoism's central books?

31. What does Taoism emphasize?

32. Main principle of Taoism.

33. What does Legalism advocate?

34. What religion claims that morality is not important?

35. Origin of Jainism.

36. Origin of Buddhism

37 Origin of Dukkha.

38. Where does the word Jaina come from?

39. Wha does Jainism teache?

40. Buddhism as non-theistic religion:

41. Confucionism.

42. Brahmanism.

43. Notion of Bodhidharma.

44. Describe the Shinto religion.

45. Where do Zen practitioners engage in?

46. Classical (or "early") Greek philosophy.

47.The history of philosophy in the West.

48. What did the pre-Socratic philosophers reject?

49. Early greek philosophers.

50. Ancient greek philosophers.

51. Transcendental idealism.

52. The origin of Greek philosophy.

53. Plato and Socrates.

54. Socrats most important contribution to Western thought.

55. What philosopher considered that change is the most important fact about the world?

56. What form did Plato write his philosophical dialoguesarguments in?

57 Buddhism is a system of beliefs based on

58. Why by Heraclitus the river where you set your foot just now is gone?

59. Who set the stage for what would eventually develop into the scientific method centuries later in Europe?



60. Most famous pupil of Socrates.

61. The most important works of Aristotle.

62. Aristotle, Democritus

63. Medieval philosophy.

64. German classical philosophy.

65. The period of Greek philosophy?

66. The period of Enlightenments philosophy ?

67. The period of Renaissances philosophy?

68. Whom has Critique of pure reason written by?

69. Whom have Metaphysics, (Nicomachean) Ethics, written by?

70. Neoplatonic philosophy.

71. Nominalism and realism?

72. What period of philosophy are transcedentalism belonged to?

73. What philosophical school followed in the legacy of Thomas Aquinas?

74. What philosophical direction denotes a life which is characterised by refraining from worldly pleasures (austerity) ?

75. What philosophical notion states that the efforts of man to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail because no such meaning exists (at least in relation to man)?

76. What philosophical notion expreses a condition of being without theistic beliefs and absence of belief in the existence of gods?

77. What philosophical notion claims that our experience is not about the things as they are in themselves, but about are the things as they appear to us?

78. What philosophical view explains that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter?

79. Call the theory according which all the objects in the universe are composed of very small, indestructible elements?

80. Call the philosophical notion according which any system of thought which denies the causal nexus and maintains that events succeed one another haphazardly or by chance (not in the mathematical but in the popular sense)?

81. What philosophical direction denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the preffix "a-" in Greek meaning negation; like "un-" in English), and considers the infinite Unmanifest Absolute as real?

82. What philosophical view considers tha truth values of certain claims particularly theological claims regarding the existence of God, gods, or deities are unknown, inherently unknowable, or incoherent, and therefore, (some agnostics may go as far to say) irrelevant to life?

83. The philosophical view according which everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent?

84. The form of theism that holds that god contains, but is not identical to, the Universe. So the universe is part of god?

85. What philosophical view also called Homocentrism, is the practice, conscious or otherwise, of regarding the existence and/or concerns of human beings as the central fact of the universe?

86. Form of personification (applying human or animal qualities to inanimate objects) and similar to prosopopoeia (adopting the persona of another person), which is the attribution of human characteristics and qualities to non-human beings, objects, or natural phenomena?

87. What philosophical view claims that reason, rather than revelation or tradition, should be the basis of belief in God?

88. What philosophical doctrine claims that all human knowledge ultimately comes from the senses and from experience?

89. Call the belief in one or more gods or goddesses?

90.What philosophical view contains belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities?

91. The belief that properties, usually called Universals, exist independently of the things that manifest them?

92. What metaphysical and theological viewconsiders that there is only one principle, essence, substance or energy in universe?

 

93. What philosophical movement views human existence as having a set of underlying themes and characteristics, such as anxiety, dread, freedom, awareness of death, and consciousness of existing, that are primary?

94. What philosophical movement views the area of philosophy of the mind, and distinguishes a position where one believes there to be ultimately many kinds of substances in the world, as opposed to monism and dualism?

95. The philosophical position according which the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge.

96. What philosophical direction has been originated in the United States in the late 1800s. and has been characterized by the insistence on consequences, utility and practicality as vital components of meaning and truth?

97. The devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of other gods?

98. The school of philosophy taught by the academics (or schoolmen) of medieval universities circa

99. How have the many various social and political movements, and a significant body of religious and secular literature which based upon the idea of paradise on earth been called?

100. The doctrine according which "vital forces" are active in living organisms, where the life cannot be explained solely by mechanism.

101. The attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. It is especially associated with the attempt to merge and analogize several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, and thus assert an underlying unity.

102. The philosophical notion that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism.

103. The apparently paradoxical idea that a proposition or theory cannot be scientific if it does not admit the possibility of being shown false.

104. Philosophical notion according which any justification or knowledge theory in epistemology holds beliefs are justified (known) when they are based on basic beliefs (also called foundational beliefs).

105. In medieval philosophy the belief that properties, usually called Universals, exist independently of the things that manifest them.

106. The typology employed by political scientists to describe modern regimes in which the state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior.

107. An epistemic theory of truth based on the idea that the mind engages in a certain kind of activity: "verifying" a proposition.

108.The various mystical initiatory religions, sects and knowledge schools, which were most prominent in the first few centuries CE.

109. The philosophical view according which the meaning and value of human beliefs and behaviors have no absolute reference.

110. Political theory which argues that one person should hold all power.

111.Enlightenment philosophers.

112. Structuralisms philosopher.

113. The famous I. Kants work.

114. What is Renaissance mean?

115. The famous Kazakh philosopher .

116. In philosophy a rigorous discipline dealing with such concepts as: object, state of affairs, property, genus, species, identity, unity, plurality, number, relation, connection, causation, series, part, whole, dependence, existence, magnitude, boundary, manifold, set, class, etc.

117. Renaissance means has its origins

118. What school of philosophy attempted to prove God's existence? Many medieval thinkers greatly influenced future philosophers and rationalists who What century did philosophy begin?

119. The Gilsons book.

120. The Thomas Aquinas book.

121. Augustine and Ancelm.

 

122. Middle Ages associated with

123. What great changes from the fifteenth century took place affecting public and social spheres of Europe and then the rest of the world?

124. Humanism was a form of

125. Thomism and atomism

126. Hegelianism

127. Pragmatism

128. Scientism and vitalism

129. Hegel as an idealist

130. Materialism as the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter;

131. Verificationism as an epistemic theory of truth based on the idea that the mind engages in a certain kind of activity: "verifying" a proposition.Choose right statement.

132. The age of the Renaissance.

133. What philosophers championed deism.?

134. Who considers that early Greek philosophers do have important things to tell us about the world?

135. The origins of the Enlightenment are closely associated with

136 . Hegelianism a philosophy developed by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel which can be summed up by a favorite motto by Hegel "

137. The Enlightenment has been fostered by the

138. Reason was the word used the most frequently during the

139. Who made a great contribution to the Enlightenment with creation of the famous Encyclopedia (Classified Dictionary of Science, Arts and Trades)?

140. The term "German Idealism" refers to a phase of intellectual life that had its origin in the

141. Whom the conceptual framework of German Idealism was provided by? What century did philosophy begin?

142. Who considered that phenomenal world, is produced a priori by the activity of consciousness?

143. What philosophers considered that phenomenal world takes its rise in the absolute, self-determined will of God?

144. Who interpreted the process of development in a purely idealistic manner as the unconscious opposition of the Absolute to itself?

145. In philosophy devotion to a single god with accepting the existence of other gods.

146.The Moslem holy book.

147. What century of philosophy is determinated by the activities of Sören Kierkegaard, Karl Barth, Friedrich Nietzsche?

148. Who professed himself to be a follower of Dionysus, the god of lifes exuberance, and declared that he hoped Dionysus would replace Jesus as the primary cultural standard for future millennia?

149. Who considered that we are all part of a vast single will which is the entire universe, and any sense of individuality is pure illusion?

150. How do we call the idea that two or more moral values may be equally ultimate (true), yet in conflict?

151. Contemporaryphilosophy.

152. What philosophical theory uses culturally interconnected signs to reconstruct systems of relationships rather than studying isolated, material things in themselves?

153.The philosophers of modern period.

154. Poststructuralism.

155. What philosophical direction refers to the ideology of science as the only legitimate truth and to a conception of social progress as necessary and brought forth by technological development?

156. Who has created the theory of deconstruction?

157 Through the work of what philosophers is philosophy of science emerged as an autonomous discipline?

158. Arabian philosophers.

159. Who was the second teacher after Aristotle?

160. Who was the first teacher of philosophy?

161. Philosophy of Marx, Engels, Lenin.

162. Philosophy of Fichter, Hegel.

163. Subjective idealism.

164. Objective idealism

165. Which of Kazakh philosophers was the great scientist-historian, ethnographer, geographer, economist, traveller?

166. Who singled out three main tasks for metaphysics?

167. How is a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that advocates that there is an ideal spiritual state is named?

168. What philosophical notion claims that our experience is not about the things as they are in themselves, but about are the things as they appear to us?

169. What philosophical view explains that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter?

170. Theory according which all the objects in the universe are composed of very small, indestructible elements?

171.The philosophical notion according which any system of thought which denies the causal nexus and maintains that events succeed one another haphazardly or by chance (not in the mathematical but in the popular sense)?

172. What philosophical direction denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the preffix "a-" in Greek meaning negation; like "un-" in English), and considers the infinite Unmanifest Absolute as real?

173. What philosophical view considers that truth values of certain claims particularly theological claims regarding the existence of God, gods, or deities are unknown, inherently unknowable, or incoherent, and therefore, (some agnostics may go as far to say) irrelevant to life?

174. The attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. It is especially associated with the attempt to merge and analogize several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, and thus assert an underlying unity.

175. The philosophical notion that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism.

176. The apparently paradoxical idea that a proposition or theory cannot be scientific if it does not admit the possibility of being shown false.

177. Philosophical notion according which any justification or knowledge theory in epistemology holds beliefs are justified (known) when they are based on basic beliefs (also called foundational beliefs).

178. What school of philosophy attempted to prove God's existence? Many medieval thinkers greatly influenced future philosophers and rationalists who What century did philosophy begin?

179. Gilsons book.

180. Philosophy of Derrida, Heidegger.

 

SCHEDULE and CONTENTS of IWS (SSW) implementation:

  Theme Contents (form) of the task References on recommended authors Type of controls Terms. Grades.
Introduction to Philosophy. Report (Aims of Philosophy. Functions. Fundamental question of philosophy) 1,11 Middle termination VI
Ancient Indian philosophy Report (Indian philosophy: schools, religions, philosophers.) Middle termination X    
Ancient Chinese philosophy Report (Chinese philosophy: schools, religions, philosophers.) 1,11 Current XI
The Ancient West Philosophy. Medieval period. Philosophy of Romans Report (Before classical period: Milet school. Classical period: Plato, Socrate, Arisotel.) 11, 4. Middle termination II - VI
Arabian Philosophy. Report (Arabian philosophy. Al Pharaby, Ibn Cina, Ibn Rushd.) 1, 12 Middle termination XI III    
. The philosophy of Western Europe. Report (Christianity, Medieval thinkers.) Current IV
The specifics of Renaissance philosophy. Essay work (Connection of philosophy whith art. The human in the center of univers) Current III -VI
Enlightenment period Composition. (The problem of matter and the universe. In Enlightenment period) 14, 1 Current  
  German classical period. Report (The principle and object of German philosophy.)   1,11 Current II - IV
Contemporary philosophy Essay - work (Contemporary social, political and philosophical doctrines) Current X IV
Modern western philosophy. Essay - work (Postmodernism, existentialism, structuralism and poststructuralism) 1,15 Current VI
Social philosophy. Essay work. (The peculiar feature of social philosophy) Current   III
The philosophy of science as the branch of philosophy. Report (Scientism, Positivism, Philosophy and the science)   XII VI
Ontology. Report. (Ontology as a rigorous discipline dealing with such concepts as: object, state of affairs, property etc.)  
Problem of the human in society and philosophy Composition (Notion of Self through western and eastern philosophy.) 14,15      
    All grades: 268

 

 

SCHEDULE and CONTENTS of SSWT implementation:

Theme Contents (form) of the task References on recommended authors Type of controls Terms and hours Grades.
Introduction to philosophy. Essay - work . (The origin of philosophy) 1,11 Middle termination VI;
Aincent oriental philosophy. Essay - work (Specifics of aincent oriental philosophy.Jainism and Brahmanism.) Middle termination X;    
Aincent oriental philosophy. (II) Essay work. (Spiritual bedrock of the Vedas) 1,11 Current XI;
Ancient Greeks. Composition (Philosophy of Romans) 11, 4. Middle termination II VI;
Arabian Philosophy. Composition (Islam philosophy). 1, 12 Middle termination XI III;    
. The Ancient West Philosophy. Report. ( Philosophy and science in Aincent Greek philosophy) Current IV;
Renaissance philosophy. Essay - work (Philosophy of Renaissance) Current III VI;
Renaissance philosophy. (II) Composition (Religion and art through the Humanism.)   14, 1 Current III;
German classical period. Report (The truth through the Hegelian philosophy) 1,11 Current II IV;
Modern western philosophy. Essay - work (Decay of classical philosophy in contemporary period). Current X IV;
Kazakh national philosophy. . Essay - work (Kazakh philosophy in contemporary period.)   1,15 Current VI;
Social philosophy. Essay - work (Most general issues of social philosophy). Current   III;
The philosophy of science Report (Experimentation, logical deduction, and rational thought as instruments of philosophy). Current   XII VI;
Ontology Report ( Formal ontology and classical ontology.. ). Current   XV;
Problem of the human in society and philosophy Composition (Spiritual and material values in society) 14,15 Middle termination XVI;  
    All grades: 268
     

 

5. POLITICS OF STUDYS GRADES.
- IMPARTIALNESS

- TRANSPARENTNESS

- FLEXIBILITY

- DIFFERENTIATION

 

THE KNOWLEDGE STUDENTS SHOULD ACQUIRE AFTER PASSING COURSE.

- student must know about philosophical and religious notions of human lifes essence and prescriptions.

- about truth and error, rational and irrational correlations.

- about personality forming conditions, about basic scientific schools, conceptions, doctrines, and source of humanitarian knowledge.

 

GRADE OF STUDENT.

 

Points   IN PERCENT % IN GRADE
EXCELLENT 95-100
- 90-94 3,67
GOOD + 85-89 3,33
80-84 3,0
- 75-79 2,67
FAIR + 70-74 2,33
65-69 2,0
- 60-64 1,67
D+ 55-59 1,33
D 50-54 1,0
  F 0-49

 

Types of control:

Types of control Grades
Attendance Max - 15
Students activity (at lessons, seminars): - short essay - making glossary - presentation - Participation in Game - Case Study - Defence of project - Defence of individual project. Max - 30
Implementation of ISW- homework - test - tasks - preparation of individual project. - preparation of individual project. Max - 25    
Middle- termination Max - 30
  Lecturer could take away 10 grades for following disciplines infringement: - foul language; - insult of teacher or students; - ignoring lecturers demand concerning teaching process; - - talking by mobile phone during lessons ; - for infringement of desires directed to auditorium cleanness;  
  Maximum grade   Minimum or current grade    

Note: criteria of attendance grade is 15%, for one week attendance student should take 1%

Final grade of discipline is represented by following formula

% = 1 + 2 0,6 + 0,4 ,

1 percents for the first terminations grade,

2 percents for the second terminations grade

- percents for exams grade

(40% - examination grade, 60% - current grade)

Student knowledges grade criterion: student could not get maximum grade.

Student may has been deprived him 25% points for each task if he will not do his written work in time, and 15% points for missed lessons.

 

6. TEACHING - METHODICAL MATERIAL OF DISCIPLINE.

OBLIGATORY READING MATERIALS.

 

 

A. IN RUSSIAN.

1. .. .. . . ., 2001 .

2. . . . 2004 .

3. . . . 2005 .

4. / . . ../ ., 1999.

5. .. . . ., 2000 .

6. .. . XV XX .2002 .

7. .. . . 2003 .

 

B. IN ENGLISH.

1. Macklain N. Introduction to philolsophy. Washington, 2000.

2. Husserl E. Phenomenology and the crisis of philosophy. - New York, 1995.

3. Heidegger M. Existence and being. - Chicago, 2001.

4. Grube G.M. The Greek and Roman philosophy. - London, 2002..

5. Gendlin E.T. Experience and the creation of meaning. - New York, 1962.

6. Elrod J.W. Being and existence in Kierkegaards pseudonymous works. - Princeton, 1975

7. Dummett M. Frege:Philosophy of language. - New York e.a., 2003.

8. Richardson G.T. Greek philosophy. London. 1989.

9. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion (1994). Boston: Shambhala.

10. Gard Richard (1962). Buddhism. NY: George Braziller.

11. Galakher H.O. History of Philosophy. N.Y. 2000..

12. Erricson T.U. Medieval philosophy. London. 1992.

13. Davidson E.G. Renaissance philosophy. N.Y. 1994.

14. Fanish T.R. Western philosophy. Chicago. 1986.

15. Rederich H.I. Contemporary philosophy. London. 1986.

 

ADITIONAL READING MATERIALS.

 

1. Miller J. H. Tradition and difference, rev. of M. H. Abrams' Natural supernatural // Diacritics. -- Baltimore. 2000.

2. Michel Foucault: Power, truth and strategy. / Ed.wlth a pref. By Meaghan M., Patton P. -- Sydney, 2000.

3. Mead G. H. Mind, Self and society. -- Chicago, 2000. -- XXXVIII, 400.

4. Martin Heidegger and the question of literature: Toward a postmod. lit.hermeneutics. /

Ed. by Spanos W. V. -- Bloomington; L..2002.

5. Lentricchia F. Criticism and the social change. -- Chicago, 1983.

6. Johnson B. The critical differance: Essays in the contemporary rhetoric of reading.

Baltimore, 2000.

7. Esseverial T.R. Philosophy and culture. Bloomington. 1984.

8. Bakhtin M. M. Toward a philosophy of the act. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

9. Fromm E. To have or to be? New York: Harper & Row, 1976.

10. Klir G. J. An approach to general systems theory. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold

Co., 1969.

11. Philosophy of the Humanistic Society. Edited by A. E. Koenig. Washington, D.C.:

University Press of America, 1981.

12. Toulmin St. Human understanding. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

 

9. METHODICAL RECCOMENDATION FOR ISWT(SSW).

In every theme students should consider following aspects:

 


Date: 2015-01-12; view: 343


<== previous page | next page ==>
PROGRAMME OF SEMINARS (PRACTICAL WORK). | THEME 14 Problems of human in philosophy.
doclecture.net - lectures - 2014-2017 year. Copyright infringement or personal data (0.02 sec.)