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WORD-FORMATION

1. The main types of word-formation processes.

1.1. Derivation.

1.2. Compounding.

1.3. Productive and non-productive types.

2. Affixation.

2.1. Prefixation.

2.2. Suffixation.

2.3. Mixed type.

3. Conversion as a non-affixal type of word-formation. Types of transposition.

3.1. Denominal verbs.

3.2. Deverbal nouns.

3.3. Lexicalization of phrases.

3.4. Substantivation.

3.4.1. Complete substantivation.

3.4.2. Partial substantivation.

3.5. Adjectivization.

4. Composition.

4.1. Stem combinations.

4.1.1. Juxtapositional compounds.

4.1.2. Morphological compounds.

4.1.3. Syntactic compounds.

4.2. Stem repetitions.

4.2.1. Reduplication.

4.2.2. Ablaut (gradation).

4.2.3. Rhyme compounds.

5. Shortening.

5.1. Contraction

5.1.1. Apocope.

5.1.2. Apheresis.

5.2.3. Syncope.

5.2.4. Mixed clipping.

5.2. Abbreviation.

5.2.1.Acronym

5.2.2.Alphabetic abbreviation

5.2.3.Compound abbreviation

5.2.4.Graphic abbreviation

5.2.5.Latin abbreviation

6. Reversion.

7. Blending.

8. Minor types of word-formation.

8.1. Change of stress.

8.2. Sound interchange.

8.3.Sound imitation.

8.4. Lexicalization of the plural of nouns.

 

RECOMMENDED READING:

Arnold, Irina. The English Word. - Moscow: Vyshaja Shkola. 1966. Part 2. The English word as a srtucture. P. 69 -142.

.., .. 㳿 : . .- ³: - , 2001. . 21 - 51 .

.., .., .. : . . 3- -. - .: , 2001. C. 78 128.

Rayevskaya N.M. English Lexicology. Kiev: Vysca Scola, 1979.Chapter 5. Word- formation. P. 50 -115.

 

 

MAIN CONCEPTS OF THE THEME:


abbreviation/ initial shortening;

ablaut/gradation;

acronym;

adjectivization;

affixation;

alphabetic abbreviation;

apheresis/ initial clippping;

apocope/ final clipping;

compound abbreviation;

compounding/composition;

contraction/ clipping;

conversion/zero-inflection/affixless derivation/zero-suffixation;

derivation;

graphic abbreviation;

initialism;

juxtapositional compounds;

Latin abbreviation;

lexicalization;

morphological compounds;

prefixation;

reduplication;

reversion/back-formation;

rhyme;

shortening;

sound imitation/ onomatopoeia;

sound interchange/ gradation;

substantivation;

suffixation;

syncope/ medial clipping;

syntactic compounds;

word-formation;


 

TASKS

1. fill in the following:

# point for discussion key terms
Affixation.  
Conversion.  
Composition.  
Shortening.    
Reversion.  
Blending.  
Minor types of word-formation.  

 

2. Distribute the following types of word-formation according to 3 categories:

a) highly-productive:______________________________________________________________



b) semi-productive:_______________________________________________________________

c) non-productive:________________________________________________________________


affixation

conversion

compounding

shortening

forming phrasal verbs

back-formation

blending

reduplication

sound imitation

sound interchange

change of stress


 

3. Provide examples to illustrate all types of word-formation in English.

 

4. Think over the following points.

- Comment on polysemic and synonymic correlations between affixes.

- Comment on homonymy in affixes.

- What is the difference between productivity and frequency of affixes?

- Is blending a special type of compounding?

- Can substantivation be treated as syntactical shortening (ellipsis)?

- Should conversion be treated as morphological or morphological-syntactical word-building process?

- Is conversion related to dropping of endings or simplification of stems? Provide examples.

Optional: Word-formation in its relation to grammar;

Give comments on affixation on native and foreign basis;


Date: 2015-01-11; view: 524


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