Match the words and word combinations from the left column with the definitions from the right column.
a) national emblem
b) a marked border or limit
c) a nation
d) to make a choice by ballot or election
e) to present or stand for
f) a sacred song, sung by a choir; the main song of a state
7. to symbolize
g) a heavy spiked war-club
8. to vote
h) a nation’s council for making laws
9. coat of arms
i) belonging to old times
j) the people of a country or a place
Read the text. Use the word given in brackets changing its form as in the example.
The National Flag first appeared (appearance) in 1848. The flag has two stripes: a blue one above a yellow one. The colors are _________ (symbol) – yellow for wheat in the fields and blue for the sky above them. The flag became a symbol of the all-Ukrainian ________ (unit).
The Ukrainian Anthem is a song called “Ukraine Has Not Yet Perished”. Its _________ (lyrical) were written by Pavlo Chubynskyi and it was ________ (publication) in 1863. The same year it was set to ________ (musical) by Mykhailo Verbytskyi. The catchy melody and _________ (patriot) words made this song very popular among _________ (Ukraine). Article 20 in the Constitution of Ukraine of 1996 _________ (definition) it as the state anthem.
The National Emblem (Coat of Arms) of Ukraine is a trident. It is the most ancient and ___________ (dignity) of all the Ukrainian symbols. Its __________ (historical) goes back to the first century A.D. The ________ (class) shape of the Ukrainian trident was found on the coins of Volodymyr the Great, who ruled in the 10th century. Then, it was a mark of authority, and a symbol of the ethnic groups which made up the Ukrainian ________ (nationality).
Choose the correct variant to complete the sentences.
1. Ukrainian mentality was formed influenced by many_______: geographical location at the crossroads of the West and East, specific climatic conditions and complex, at times tragic historical destiny.
a) events b) factors c) people
2. Most of the overseas Ukrainians no longer speak Ukrainian, but they still _________ in their own churches and are aware of their origin.
a) trust b) believe c) worship
3. Today the average _________ is 80 people per square kilometer.
a) population density b) population c) area
4. Ukrainian language is represented basically by a set of _________, some of which differ significantly from the other.
a) proverbs b) sayings c) dialects
5. The __________ of Kyiv were the brothers Kyi, Shchek, and Khoryv, leaders of the Slavonic Polianian tribe, and the city was named after the eldest.
a) owners b) founders c) citizens
6. During the ________ of Volodymyr the Great Kyiv consisted of two parts – the fortified Upper City and Podil.
a) life b) reign c) childhood
7. Kyiv is one of the _________ cities of Europe.
a) youngest b) smallest c) oldest
8. The population of Ukraine is diminishing due to _________ and low birth rates.
a) emigration b) immigration c) migration
9. Ukrainians usually have close-knit ________ of several generations.
a) tribes b) communities c) families
10. The Act of Independence of Ukraine was _________ on 24th August, 1991.