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Degradate and mineralize of dead organic matter, chemical decomposition of rocks and involving formed minerals in a biological cycle

Reclamation is the process of reclaiming something from loss or from a less useful condition. It is generally used of water reclamation, which, a century ago meant damming streams (thus the US Bureau of Reclamation owning dams), and now has come to be used to describe wastewater reclamation.

58. the total environmental damage is considered to be any damage to one of the components of the environment (air, energy, flora, fauna, landscape, land set-up, nature, noise, soil, waste, water, etc.)

59. According to the law on environmental protection of RK who is responsible for production monitoring?The government of RK

60. The basic principle of international cooperation in the sphere of Conduct Environmental Protection in RK: protection environment

61. Ecology- the science that studies: the relationships of organisms with other organisms and with their physical environment

62. Relationship between populations as the “predation” is market by signs:

63. The essence of the “rules of the minimum” of Libikh is that if: at least one of the environmental factors beyond the minimum (less than the minimum), then the organism dies

64. A relationship between population as “commensalism” is marked by signs: +0

65. The concentration function of living matter of the biosphere is to: the totality of bodies of living organisms in the biosphere, regardless of their systematic affiliation

66. who presented works brought below for the first time as ecology the science of the general relations of organisms to the environment: Ernst Heackel

67. Biological process in which light energy is converted to accumulated in the cell, called: Photosynthesis

68. Biological process in which nutrients are oxidized, is called: Metobalism

69. which functional group contains bacteria and fungi in the biocenosis: Saprotrophic nutrition or hemogeterotrof

70. Which functional group includes animals in the biocenosis: Consumers or hemoorganotrof

71. International program devote to the most acute problems of the ecological crisis:

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992 was a unique moment in diplomatic history., the concept of “sustainable development.”

72. Sustainable Development is a such development of society in which living standards of people are improved and the impact on the environment remains within the limits of the biosphere’s assimilating capacity, thus the natural basis of the mankind functioning is not destroyed. At SD the needs and requirement are satisfied without damage for future generation.

73. Stage monitoring- the basis level of collection of primary data: Data Collection

74. Main-made anthropogenic impacts on the biota- is: biodiversity

75. The most common classification of human to the anthropogenic impact is: ecological problems

76. The level of traffic noise produced by heavy track (dB): 140

Noise sources associated with transportation projects can include passenger vehicles, medium trucks, heavy trucks and buses. Each of these vehicles produces noise; however, the source and magnitude of the noise can vary greatly depending on vehicle type. For example, while the noise from passenger vehicles occurs mainly from the tire-roadway interface and is therefore located at ground level, noise from heavy trucks is produced by a combination of noise from tires, engine, and exhaust, resulting in a noise source that is approximately 8 feet above the ground. The following list provides information on the types of transportation noise sources that will be part of a roadway project, and describes the type of noise each produces.



77. Environmental noise is the summary of noise from transport, industrial and recreational activities.

78. Environmental noise occurs during the functioning of household: This review provides an overview of literature in the field of noise and health. It focuses on transportationnoise, particularly aircraft noise and looks at the possible effects on health to include annoyance and psychological health, cardiovascular and physiological health, performance, and the effects of noise on children.

79. Allowable traffic noise in the walls of houses in the afternoon (dB): 50

80. The basic unit if activity decay of the radioactive material is: The becquerel (symbol Bq) (pronounced: 'be-kə-rel) is the SI-derived unit of radioactivity. One Bq is defined as the activity of a quantity of radioactive material in which one nucleus decays per second.

81. In bioscenosis plants serve as: a valuable weapon against indoor air pollution. They can absorb harmful chemicals.

82. The role of producers in an aquatic ecosystem perform: production of organic matters

83. The role of consumers in an aquatic ecosystem:

84. The role of decomposers in an aquatic ecosystem perform: decomposition of organic matters

85. Relationship between population as a “symbolic” is marked by signs: ++

86. Destructive function of living matter of the biosphere is to:

Degradate and mineralize of dead organic matter, chemical decomposition of rocks and involving formed minerals in a biological cycle

87. Energy function of living matter of the biosphere is to:accumulate solar energy in the form of various chemical compounds

88. Environment-forming function of living matter of the biosphere is to: Transform physical and chemical parameters of the environment (the atmosphere, the lithosphere and the hydrosphere) in conditions favorable for life of organisms

89. Functional classification of ecosystem is based on: the protection of ecosystems, natural habitats and the maintenance of viable populations of species in natural surroundings

90. As a result of environment-forming functions of living matter of the biosphere in the Earth’s geographical sphere was an important event:Transformation of gas composition of the primitive atmosphere, the change in the chemical composition of water in the primary ocean, formation of the sedimentary rock mass in the lithosphere, formation of a topsoil (fertile soil layer) on the surface of the earth took place

91. Chemical compounds that can cause malignant and benign tumors in the body, called the Carcinogens

92. World population in 2005 was 6.4 billion

93. At the heart of environmental management and environmental protection are issues such as economic, health, aesthetic, educational and Biological

94. Use and protection of natural resources should be based on anticipation and prevention as possible negative effects of nature- this is called The rule of rational using

95. Increase or decrease the use of resource increases or reduces the use of he other resources- it is a combination of competitive interests of economic entities.

96. The elements of nature, necessary for a man of his live hood and becoming involved in material production, they are called -natural resources

97. What natural resources are coal, oil and most of the other minerals? exhaustible nonrenewable

98. Human activities are aimed at restoring the natural environment disturbed by human activities or natural processes, is constructive action

99. Geochemical processes caused by mining, technology, engineering and construction and agricultural activities of man, said techno genesis

100. Ecological trouble, which is characterized by deep irreversible environmental changes and a significant deterioration in health, is called- -ecological disaster

101. The living matter of the biosphere is associated with all living organisms.

102. Features of the current level of interaction between nature and society.

103. The concept of ecology: The object of the ecology is to study the connection between the plants and animals with their physical and biological environment.

104. Under the community know: a community is a group of interacting living organisms sharing a populated environment.

105. The object of study of ecology is to study the connection between the plants and animals with their physical and biological environment.

106. Such a relationship between populations, as “mutualism” is marked by signs: ++ parasitism

107. Functional classification of ecosystems based on: biomes

108. Structural classification of ecosystem includes: Biocoenosis · · synusiae Tsenoyacheyka · · edificator consortium

109. What are resources? A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced. Typically resources are materials or other assets that are transformed to produce benefit and in the process may be consumed or made unavailable.

110. The most common classification of human impact: includes impacts on biophysical environments, biodiversity and other resources

111. The Koyoto protocol in respect of the acceding countries included a commitment- reduce or stabilize greenhouse gas emissions relative to 1991 levels

112. The class definition of “SD” as “SD that ensures the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs” was first formulated in- .1987 years by the war commissions on the environment development in its report our common future

113. “Greenhouse effect” and the destruction of the ozone layer affect the all countries.

114. The warming of the Earth is connected with: Greenhouse effect

115. convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was adopted 22 march 1985 Vienna

116. where a protocol was signed, aimed at controlling the production and the use of chlorofluorocarbon: in Montreal 1987

117. what is the year of signing the Kyoto Protocol to stabilize greenhouse gas emission: 1997

118. Public environmental group was organized in 70th of XX century

119. That does not apply to thee types of pollution? Information

120. Acid rain- it is rain or snow, having a pH- less than 5,6


Date: 2016-04-22; view: 149


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