While thinking about animals we first of all remember domestic animals, that live with people. Many people keep pets and the most popular are: cats and dogs, but people also can keep canaries, parrots, mice, goldfish and hamsters. Farm animals include: rabbits, sheep, cows, pigs, horses, chicken, goats. In a zoo or in the wild we can find these wild animals: a tiger, lion, bear, leopard, camel, gorilla, elephant, monkey, zebra, giraffe, etc. Some common insects are: a bee, ant, mosquito, butterfly, fly, spider. And the most common birds are: an eagle, sparrow, hawk, goose, duck, swan. Some animals swim (whales, sharks), some move along the ground (snakes, snails).
5.1. Read names of the animals in the box and answer the questions.
1. Which of these animals do you like? Why?
2. Are you scared of any of these animals? Why?
3. Which animals might you:
● see lying on a rock?
● see circling in the sky?
● see running across a road?
● see swimming and jumping around off the coast?
● see disappearing into long grass?
● hear making a dreadful noise?
● hear in the bushes?
● hear in the distance?
● find crawling around a dirty kitchen?
● find hiding in your shoe?
● find sitting in a tree?
5.2. Choose the word which best matches the description.
1. A duck / swan is a large white water bird with a long neck.
2. A goat / sheep is a four-legged animal with horns, good at climbing.
3. A crab / frog is a sea animal with a shell and five pairs of legs.
4. A butterfly / bee is an insect with large, beautifully coloured wings.
5. A lizard / snake is a small reptile with four legs and a long tail.
6 A fly / mosquito is a small flying insect which drinks blood from the skin.
7. A camel / giraffe is an animal with long legs and neck and orange skin.
8. A mouse / rabbit is a small long-eared animal that lives in a hole.
9. A bat / spider is an eight-legged creature which catches insects.
10. A kitten / puppy is a young animal which barks, often a pet.
5.3. Start each sentence with a suitable animal from the Introduction.
1. .. can fly at a great height.
2. .. can swim very long distances.
3. .. can understand lots of human commands.
4. .. can run very fast.
5. .. can travel through the desert for long distances without water.
6. .. can be 30 metres in length.
7. .. can eat leaves from tall trees.
8. .. change their skin several times a year.
9. .. can pick things up with their trunk.
10. .. provide us with wool.
5.4. Match the animals (A) with their maximum speeds (B).
1. lion a) 64 kph
2. rabbit b) 56 kph
3. shark c) 270 kph
4. spider d) 0.05 kph
5. pig e) 40 kph
6. elephant f) 1.88 kph
7. snail g) 80 kph
8. golden eagle h) 18 kph
9. cheetah i) 300 kph
5.5. Read the definitions of the following animal groups.
herbivores animals eating plants
carnivores animals eating meat
omnivores animals eating both plants and meat
mammals animals that give birth to live babies and feed their young on milk
reptiles cold-blooded animals that have skin covered with scales
amphibians animals that live both on land and water
insects small creatures that have six legs, and sometimes wings
fish an animal that lives in water, and uses its fins and tail to swim
birds creatures with wings and feathers that can usually fly
predators animals that kill and eat other animals
cats animals with soft fur, a long thin tail, and whiskers
► Match each animal group it belongs to. Some animals can be used more than once.
Biodiversity is the variety of all life on earth; the plants and animals and the habitats where they eat / live. Biodiversity ranges in scale from bacteria to blue whales and is not just the rare or exotic but also the everyday and commonplace. It is the birds in our garden / yard as well as tigers in the tundra / rainforest. Biodiversity shortens / enriches our lives, we enjoy / dislike seeing wild flowers and animals.
Industrial / natural areas help to protect our environment from harm. Wetlands can cause / prevent flooding and filter pollutants while woodlands reduce / increaseair pollution and global freezing / warming.
There are also moral arguments for /against protecting biodiversity. We should / must care about wild animals and plants because they have a value in themselves.
5.12. Choose the correct word from a box. Use a dictionary if necessary.