II. Scan the text and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F):
1. Sport is something of a national obsession in Australia. They play backyard and beach hockey all summer and turn out in their thousands to watch the iconic Boxing Day test at Melbourne’s MCG.
2. Australia’s beloved ‘footy’ covers four codes, which can get a little confusing. All codes command a strong, loyal fan base and share the same season from September to January.
3. If you see men in shorts leaping to great heights on a large arena with a round ball, then you’re probably watching a game of AFL or Australian rules football.
4. Car racing has passionate followers in Australia and hosts a number of rubber-burning events.
5. Each June Australia becomes the headquarters for international tennis, hosting a number of tournaments in the lead-up to the Australian Open.
6. With more than 1,500 golf courses across Australia, it’s no wonder golf is a popular leisure sport for Australians.
7. There are both public and private golf courses, some of which are champion-designed and many boasting spectacular views. Many courses are connected to luxurious resorts which offer ‘stay and rest’ packages.
8. Australians have played cricket for less than 100 years and it's one of our most popular sports. Over summer they play it at picnics, barbeques, beaches and parks.
9. The Great Ocean Road International Marathon happens in May and the popular Gold Course Airport Marathon draws distance runners from around the world in June.
10. Australia has been active influential in the Olympic movement, but there are no members of the International Olympic Committee.
11. Australia has hosted the Olympics twice, in 1956 in Melbourne and in 2000 in Sydney.
12. The first national governing body for Australian Olympics was created in 1914 and was a joint effort with Great Britain.
13. The Olympic movement in Australia started out during the 2000s and 2010s in Australia.
14. Australia has attended every Winter Paralympics and hosted the 2000 Sydney Games.
15. Australians takes the Commonwealth Games very seriously as a nation because, on one level of national thinking, the event offers the country an opportunity to prove they are inferior to the "original country", the United States.
III. Read the text about golf. Choose the phrase from A to K to fill in the gaps. There is one phrase that you won’t need to use:
Golf is one of the most popular 1 __________in the world. It is played on a golf course. Players try to hit a golf ball into a small hole with as few strokes as possible. Millions of men and women around the world play golf for fun, thousands play tournaments and millions 2 ________watch golf on TV.
Golf courses have different sizes and shapes. Most of them have 18 holes that are between a hundred and 500 metres long. If you have finished playing all 18 holes you have played 3 _____ .
Each hole has a starting place, 4 _____. This is a small area from which the golfer takes the first stroke or drive. The grass between the tee and the green is called the fairway. Sometimes fairways can be very long and golf players need a few strokes to get 5 _____ . The land on the left and right of the fairway is the rough. It is made up of tall grass, bushes and trees.
The green is the round area at the end of the fairway. It has special grass that is very short. In the middle of the green is a hole. It has a flag placed in it so that golfers can see where it is.
Almost all golf courses 6 _____. These are small lakes, sandy areas and bunkers. They make it more difficult for players to hit the ball.
Although the Romans may have played 7 _____and a ball filled with feathers golf, as we know it today, started in Scotland in the 14th century. Saint Andrews is called the birthplace of golf because its golf course is over 500 years old. The first rules of the game were also set there.
Golf spread from the British Isles to the overseas colonies. The oldest golf club outside of Britain was founded in Calcutta, India. Golf came to the USA, Canada and Australia towards the end of the 19th century. Although British golfers 8 _____ at first, great American golfers emerged at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1916 they formed a professional organization, the PGA, in which they started 9 _____through golf.
Players like Severiano Ballesteros of Spain, Bernhard Langer of Germany or Gary Player of South Africa made golf popular in Europe and other continents. In the last two decades the American Tiger Woods has dominated the game.
In the 1960s more and more companies, private sponsors and television networks started 10 _____golf. Today the best golfers in the world earn millions of dollars in prize money every year. Tiger Woods became the first athlete to become a billionaire.