II. Scan the text and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F):
1. The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities.
2. Following an international contest for the city's design, a blackprint by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913.
3. The city's design was influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title of the “wattle capital".
4. The word "Canberra" is popularly thought to derive from the word Kambera or Canberry which is claimed to mean " sacred place" in the old Ngunnawal language, one of several Indigenous languages spoken in the district by Aboriginal people before European settlers arrived.
5. As the city has a high proportion of public servants, the police contributes the largest percentage of Gross State Product and is the largest single employer in Canberra.
6. Canberra Day is a public holiday observed in the ACT on the second Monday in December to celebrate the founding of Canberra.
7. At midday on 12 March 1913, the city was officially given its name by Lady Denman, the wife of Governor-General Lord Denman, at a ceremony at Kurrajong Hill, which has since become Capital Hill and the site of the present Court House .
8. Immediately after the end of the war, Canberra was praised for resembling a village, and its disorganized collection of buildings was deemed ugly. Canberra was often derisively described as "several suburbs in search of a city".
9. A new National Library was constructed within the Parliamentary Triangle, followed by the High Court and the National Gallery.
10. The Albert Hall was the city's first performing arts venue, opened in 1928. It was the original performance venue for theatre groups such as the Canberra Repertory Society.
11. The Canberra Museum and Gallery in the city is a repository of local history and art, housing a temporary collection and visiting exhibitions.
12. Canberra's districts are generally connected by railways—limited access dual carriageway roads with speed limits generally set at a maximum of 100 km/h (62 mph).
13. In an effort to improve road safety, traffic cameras were first introduced to Canberra by the Carnell Government in 1999. The traffic cameras installed in Canberra include fixed red-light and speed cameras and point-to-point speed cameras; together they bring in revenue of approximately $11 million per year in fines.
14. ACTION, the private bus service, provides public transport throughout the city.
15. An interstate NSW Train Link railway service connects Canberra to Sydney. Canberra's railway station is in the inner south downtown of Kingston.
III. Read this short text about Yamba. Choose the phrase from A to K to fill in the gaps. There is one phrase that you won’t need to use:
Explorer Matthew Flinders first 1 _____ from his trim sloop, Norfolk, in 1799 near Clarence Head, a monolithic heap of rock that shields Yamba from the 2 _____ of the Pacific Ocean, to fix a leak and maybe have one. He’d been dispatched from Sydney to find a new Eden, but from his 3 _____ , now Pilot Head, he blithely dismissed the 4 _____ as dangerous and unworthy of further examination, before sailing away. A shame, really, because he completely missed what he was sent to find; the 5 _____ on Australia’s east coast, the fabulously bucolic Northern Rivers Delta, and one of Australia’s most-favoured holiday spots - Yamba.
Liberally blessed with a perfect climate, quasi-bohemian lifestyle and 6 _____ , the jewel in Yamba’s board-riding crown is the revered and treacherous Angourie point break – beginners need not apply. Picture postcard pretty, Yamba prides itself on providing a wholesome, 7 _____ .
The town retires early, sleeps soundly and wakes early with the kids. Its lack of nighttime pizzazz is more than compensated for by excellent eateries and more things to do than you can 8 _____ . It’s also enjoying a sprucing up.
Street cafes now shelter under sails and 9 _____ . Shopping has become more cosmopolitan – posh frock shops, galleries et al – but even under increasing pressure from its 10 _____, Yamba refuses to move at any pace but its own.