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The concept of sustainable tourism and sustainable development for tourism

 

Evolution of the concept

             
   
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 


Emergence of ideas of sustainable development at the late 1970s and early 1980s

       
   
 
 


The Sustainable Tourism Triangle

 


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Approaches to defining Sustainable Tourism and Sustainable Tourism development

The first approach:

           
   
   
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The second approach:

           
   
 
   
 
 


Sustainable Tourism and Sustainable Tourism developmentdefinitions

 

  WTO, 1996 Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of the present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing the opportunity for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled, while maintaining cultural integrity essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems.
English Tourism Council, 2002 Sustainable tourism is about managing tourism impacts on the environment, communities, and the future economy to make sure that the effects are positive rather than negative for the benefit of future generations. It is a management approach that is relevant to all types of tourism, regardless of whether it takes place in cities, towns, countryside or the coast.
Butler, 1993 Tourism which is in a form which can maintain its viability in an area for an infinite period of time.
CNPA, 2005 Tourism that takes account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities.

 
 

 


12 Aims for sustainable tourism/ sustainable tourism development (UNWTO/UNEP)

1) ECONOMIC VIABILITY

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2) LOCAL PROSPERITY

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3) EMPLOYMENT QUALITY

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4) SOCIAL EQUITY

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5) VISITOR FULFILMENT

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________6) LOCAL CONTROL



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7) COMMUNITY WELLBEING

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8) CULTURAL RICHNESS

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9) PHYSICAL INTEGRITY

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10) BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

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11) RESOURCE EFFICIENCY

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12) ENVIRONMENTAL PURITY

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Date: 2016-03-03; view: 387


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