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I. Classical Change Theory - The Life-Cycle Model

This Destination, or Tourism Area, Life-Cycle has six stages that were initially defined by their characteristics:

1. Exploration__________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. Involvement __________________________________________________

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3. Development _________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

4.Consolidation_________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

5.Stagnation____________________________________________________

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6.Decline and Demise ___________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

......or Rejuvenation _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

II. The Theory of Species Evolution

The concepts and biological terms of evolutionary theory which have parallels in the business sector

  Biological Term Business Term Tourism Term
  Species Product Tourist Area / Destination
  Variation Product Differences Destination Differences
  Overpopulation / Overcapacity Excessive Competition between Products   Excessive Competition between Destinations  
  Struggle for Existence Struggle for Existence Struggle for Existence
  Survival of the Fittest Survival of the Fittest Survival of the Fittest
  Survival Success / Growth Success / Growth
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III. Punctuated Equilibrium model

The punctuated equilibrium change paradigm proposes that systems remain relatively stable for prolonged periods (equilibrium) with rapid revolutionary change occurring periodically (punctuations).

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IV. Chaos Theory

Chaos theory considers dynamical systems that are not predictable. At high levels of complexity it is not possible to distinguish randomness from order.

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Questions for self-control:

 

1. What are the differences between the terms “region” and “tourist destination”?

2. What are the main approaches to the definition “tourist (tourism) destination”?

3. Determine unique features that allow us to identify a tourist destination.

4. Specify the essence of Tourist Destination 6A Model.

5. What are the main reasons for different types of destinations visits?

6. Provide different types of destinations examples.

7. What typical attractions are found in different types of destinations?

8. What are the basic factors of destination development?

9. What are the main features for every stage of Tourism Area Life-Cycle?

10. Define the essence of The Theory of Species Evolution in relation to tourist destinations development.

11. Define the essence of The Punctuated Equilibrium model in relation to tourist destinations development.

12. Define the essence of The Chaos Theory in relation to tourist destinations development.

 

 

Topic 2. Methodology of Tourist Destinations Management Research

Lecture Plan

  1. Objectives and research directions for tourism destinations.
  2. Methods of tourism destination studies.
  3. Indicators for assessing the state and development of tourism destination.

 

 

Bibliography:

Basic: 1, 2, 3, 4

Supplementary: 9, 12, 16, 17, 24.

 

Key words: scanning the macro environment, existing and potential tourism resources, tangible resources, key “attractors”, intangible resources, existing and potential market performance, trends, demand seasonality, segments, situation analysis, Interactive Destination Evaluation System, spider plots, Balanced Score Card

 

 

  1. Objectives and research directions for tourism destinations

 
 


Research directions for tourism destinations:


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 350


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