UNIT 90 Each and every
A. Each and every are similar in meaning. Often it is possible to use each or every:
* Each time (or Every time) I see you, you took different.
* There's a telephone in each room (or every room) of the house.
But each and every are not exactly the same. Study the difference:
#1 We use each when we think of things separately, one by one.
* Study each sentence carefully. (= study the sentences one by one)
Each is more usual for a small number:
* There were four books on the table.
Each book was a different colour.
* (in a card game) At the beginning of the game, each player has three cards.
#2 We use every when we think of things as a group. The meaning is similar to all.
* Every sentence must have a verb. (= all sentences in general)
Every is more usual for a large number:
* Carol loves reading. She has read every book in the library. (=all the books)
* I would like to visit every country in the world. (=all the countries)
Each (but not every) can be used for two things:
* In a football match, each team has 11 players. (not 'every team')
We use every (not each) to say how often something happens:
* 'How often do you go shopping?' 'Every day.' (not 'each day')
* There's a bus every ten minutes. (not 'each ten minutes')
B. Compare the structures we use with each and every:
#1 You can use each with a noun: each book, each student
You can use each alone (without a noun):
* None of the rooms was the same. Each was different. (= each room)
Or you can use each one:
* Each one was different.
You can say each of (the.../these... etc.):
* Read each of these sentences carefully.
* Each of the books is a different colour.
Also each of us/you/them:
* Each of them is a different colour.
#2 You can use every with a noun: every book, every student,
You can say every one (but not every alone):
* 'Have you read all these books?' 'Yes, every one.'
You can say every one of ... (but not 'every of ...')
* I've read every one of those books. (not 'every of those books')
* I've read every one of them.
C. You can also use each in the middle or at the end of a sentence. For example:
* The students were each given a book. (=Each student was given a book.)
* These oranges cost 25 pence each.
D. Everyone and every one
Everyone (one word) is only for people (='everybody'). Every one (two words) is for things or people, and is similar to each one (see Section B):
* Everyone enjoyed the party. (=Everybody...)
* He is invited to lots of parties and he goes to every one. (=to every party)
90.1 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences with each or every.
1. _Each_. player has three cards.
2. Carol has read --- book in the library.
3. --- side of a square is the same length.
4. --- seat in the theatre was taken.
5. --- apartment has a balcony.
6. There's a train to London --- hour.
7. She was wearing four rings-one on --- finger.
8. Our football team has been very successful. We've won --- game this season.
90.2 Put in each or every.
1. There were four books on the table. _Each_ book was a different colour.
2. The Olympic Games are held _every_ four years.
3. --- parent worries about their children.
4. In a game of tennis there are two or four players. --- player has a racket.
5. Nicola plays volleyball --- Thursday evening.
6. I understood most of what they said but not --- word.
7. The book is divided into five parts and --- of these has three sections.
8. I get paid --- four weeks.
9. We had a great weekend. I enjoyed --- minute of it.
10. I tried to phone her two or three times, but --- time there was no reply.
11. Car seat belts save lives --- driver should wear one.
12. (from an examination paper) Answer all five questions. Begin your answer to --- question on a separate sheet of paper.
90.3 Complete the sentences using each.
1. The price of one of those oranges is 25 pence. Those _orange are 25 pence each._
2. I had ten pounds and so did Sonia. Sonia and I ---.
3. One of those postcards costs 40 pence. Those ---.
4. The hotel was expensive. I paid f40 and so did you. We ---.
90.4 Put in everyone (one word) or every one (two words).
1. He's invited to a lot of parties and he goes to _every one._
2. As soon as --- had arrived, we began the meeting.
3. I asked her lots of questions and she answered --- correctly.
4. She's very popular --- likes her.
5. I dropped a tray of glasses. Unfortunately --- broke.
Date: 2016-03-03; view: 436