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UNIT 90 Each and every

 

A. Each and every are similar in meaning. Often it is possible to use each or every:

* Each time (or Every time) I see you, you took different.

* There's a telephone in each room (or every room) of the house.

But each and every are not exactly the same. Study the difference:

#1 We use each when we think of things separately, one by one.

* Study each sentence carefully. (= study the sentences one by one)

Each is more usual for a small number:

* There were four books on the table.

Each book was a different colour.

* (in a card game) At the beginning of the game, each player has three cards.

#2 We use every when we think of things as a group. The meaning is similar to all.

* Every sentence must have a verb. (= all sentences in general)

Every is more usual for a large number:

* Carol loves reading. She has read every book in the library. (=all the books)

* I would like to visit every country in the world. (=all the countries)

Each (but not every) can be used for two things:

* In a football match, each team has 11 players. (not 'every team')

We use every (not each) to say how often something happens:

* 'How often do you go shopping?' 'Every day.' (not 'each day')

* There's a bus every ten minutes. (not 'each ten minutes')

B. Compare the structures we use with each and every:

#1 You can use each with a noun: each book, each student

You can use each alone (without a noun):

* None of the rooms was the same. Each was different. (= each room)

Or you can use each one:

* Each one was different.

You can say each of (the.../these... etc.):

* Read each of these sentences carefully.

* Each of the books is a different colour.

Also each of us/you/them:

* Each of them is a different colour.

#2 You can use every with a noun: every book, every student,

You can say every one (but not every alone):

* 'Have you read all these books?' 'Yes, every one.'

You can say every one of ... (but not 'every of ...')

* I've read every one of those books. (not 'every of those books')

* I've read every one of them.

C. You can also use each in the middle or at the end of a sentence. For example:

* The students were each given a book. (=Each student was given a book.)

* These oranges cost 25 pence each.

D. Everyone and every one

Everyone (one word) is only for people (='everybody'). Every one (two words) is for things or people, and is similar to each one (see Section B):

* Everyone enjoyed the party. (=Everybody...)

* He is invited to lots of parties and he goes to every one. (=to every party)

@p181

 

EXERCISES

 

90.1 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences with each or every.

1. _Each_. player has three cards.

2. Carol has read --- book in the library.

3. --- side of a square is the same length.

4. --- seat in the theatre was taken.

5. --- apartment has a balcony.

6. There's a train to London --- hour.

7. She was wearing four rings-one on --- finger.



8. Our football team has been very successful. We've won --- game this season.

 

90.2 Put in each or every.

1. There were four books on the table. _Each_ book was a different colour.

2. The Olympic Games are held _every_ four years.

3. --- parent worries about their children.

4. In a game of tennis there are two or four players. --- player has a racket.

5. Nicola plays volleyball --- Thursday evening.

6. I understood most of what they said but not --- word.

7. The book is divided into five parts and --- of these has three sections.

8. I get paid --- four weeks.

9. We had a great weekend. I enjoyed --- minute of it.

10. I tried to phone her two or three times, but --- time there was no reply.

11. Car seat belts save lives --- driver should wear one.

12. (from an examination paper) Answer all five questions. Begin your answer to --- question on a separate sheet of paper.

 

90.3 Complete the sentences using each.

1. The price of one of those oranges is 25 pence. Those _orange are 25 pence each._

2. I had ten pounds and so did Sonia. Sonia and I ---.

3. One of those postcards costs 40 pence. Those ---.

4. The hotel was expensive. I paid f40 and so did you. We ---.

90.4 Put in everyone (one word) or every one (two words).

1. He's invited to a lot of parties and he goes to _every one._

2. As soon as --- had arrived, we began the meeting.

3. I asked her lots of questions and she answered --- correctly.

4. She's very popular --- likes her.

5. I dropped a tray of glasses. Unfortunately --- broke.

@p184

 


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 361


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