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UNIT 89. All, every and whole

 

A. All and everybody/everyone

We do not normally use all to mean everybody/everyone:

* Everybody enjoyed the party. (not 'All enjoyed...')

But note that we say all of us/you/them, not 'everybody of...':

* All of us enjoyed the party. (not 'everybody of us')

B. All and everything

Sometimes you can use all or everything:

* I'll do all I can to help. or I'll do everything I can to help.

You can say 'all I can'/'all you need' etc. but we do not normally use all alone:

* He thinks he knows everything. (not 'he knows all')

* Our holiday was a disaster. Everything went wrong. (not 'All went wrong')

We use all in the expression all about:

* They told us all about their holiday.

We also use all (not 'everything') to mean the only thing(s):

* All I've eaten today is a sandwich. (= the only thing I've eaten today)

C. Every/everybody/everyone/everything are singular words, so we use a singular verb:

* Every seat in the theatre was taken.

* Everybody has arrived. (not 'have arrived')

But we often use they/them/their after everybody/everyone:

* Everybody said they enjoyed themselves. (= he or she enjoyed himself or herself)

D. All and whole

Whole = complete, entire. Most often we use whole with singular nouns:

* Did you read the whole book? (= all the book, not just a part of it)

* She has lived her whole life in Scotland.

We normally use the/my/her etc. before whole. Compare whole and all:

the whole book/all the book her whole life/all her life

You can also use: a whole ....

* Jack was so hungry, he ate a whole packet of biscuits. (= a complete packet)

We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns. We say:

* I've spent all the money you gave me. (not 'the whole money')

E. Every/all/whole with time words

We use every to say how often something happens. So we say every day/every Monday/every ten minutes/every three weeks etc.:

* When we were on holiday, we went to the beach every day. (not 'all days')

* The bus service is very good. There's a bus every ten minutes.

* Ann gets paid every four weeks.

All day/the whole day = the complete day from beginning to end:

* We spent all day/the whole day on the beach.

* He was very quiet. He didn't say a word all evening/the whole evening.

Note that we say all day (not 'all the day'), all week (not 'all the week') etc.

Compare all the time and every time:

* They never go out. They are at home all the time. (= always--not 'every time')

* Every time I see you, you look different. (= each time, on every occasion)

@p179

 

EXERCISES

 

89.1 Complete these sentences with all, everything or everybody/everyone.

1. It was a good party. _Everybody_ enjoyed it.

2. _All_ I've eaten today is a sandwich.

3. --- has got their faults. Nobody is perfect.

4. Nothing has changed --- is the same as it was.

5. Margaret told me --- about her new job. It sounds quite interesting.

6. Can --- write their names on a piece of paper please?



7. Why are you always thinking about money? Money isn't ---.

8. I didn't have much money with me. --- I had was ten pounds.

9. When the fire alarm rang, --- left the building immediately.

10. She didn't say where she was going. --- she said was that she was going away.

11. We have completely different opinions. I disagree with --- she says.

12. We all did well in the examination --- in our class passed.

13. We all did well in the examination --- of us passed.

14. Why are you so lazy? Why do you expect me to do --- for you?

 

89.2 Write sentences with whole.

1. I read the book from beginning to end. I _read the whole book._

2. Everyone in the team played well. The ---.

3. Paul opened a box of chocolates. When he finished eating, there were no chocolates left in the box. He ate ---.

4. The police came to the house. They were looking for something. They searched everywhere, every room. They ---.

5. Ann worked from early in the morning until late in the evening. ---.

6. Everyone in Dave and Judy's family plays tennis. Dave and Judy play, and so do all their children. The ---.

7. Jack and Jill went on holiday to the seaside for a week. It rained from the beginning of the week to the end. It ---.

Now write sentences 5 and 7 again using all instead of whole.

8. (5) Ann ---.

9. (7) ---.

 

89.3 Complete these sentences using every with one of the following:

five minutes ten minutes four hours six months four years

1, The bus service is very good. There's a bus _every ten minutes_.

2. Tom is ill. He has some medicine. He has to take it ---.

3. The Olympic Games take place ---.

4. We live near a busy airport. A plane flies over our house ---.

5. It's a good idea to have a check-up with the dentist ---.

 

89.4 Which is the correct alternative?

1. I've spent _the whole money/all the money_ you gave me. (all the money is correct)

2. Sue works _every day/all days_ except Sunday.

3. I'm tired. I've been working hard _all the day/all day._

4. It was a terrible fire. _Whole building/The whole building_ was destroyed.

5. I've been trying to phone her all day but _every time/all the time_ I phone her the line is engaged.

6. 1 don't like the weather here. It rains _every time/all the time._

7. When I was on holiday, _all my luggage/my whole luggage_ was stolen.

@p180

 


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 262


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