UNIT 89. All, every and whole
A. All and everybody/everyone
We do not normally use all to mean everybody/everyone:
* Everybody enjoyed the party. (not 'All enjoyed...')
But note that we say all of us/you/them, not 'everybody of...':
* All of us enjoyed the party. (not 'everybody of us')
B. All and everything
Sometimes you can use all or everything:
* I'll do all I can to help. or I'll do everything I can to help.
You can say 'all I can'/'all you need' etc. but we do not normally use all alone:
* He thinks he knows everything. (not 'he knows all')
* Our holiday was a disaster. Everything went wrong. (not 'All went wrong')
We use all in the expression all about:
* They told us all about their holiday.
We also use all (not 'everything') to mean the only thing(s):
* All I've eaten today is a sandwich. (= the only thing I've eaten today)
C. Every/everybody/everyone/everything are singular words, so we use a singular verb:
* Every seat in the theatre was taken.
* Everybody has arrived. (not 'have arrived')
But we often use they/them/their after everybody/everyone:
* Everybody said they enjoyed themselves. (= he or she enjoyed himself or herself)
D. All and whole
Whole = complete, entire. Most often we use whole with singular nouns:
* Did you read the whole book? (= all the book, not just a part of it)
* She has lived her whole life in Scotland.
We normally use the/my/her etc. before whole. Compare whole and all:
the whole book/all the book her whole life/all her life
You can also use: a whole ....
* Jack was so hungry, he ate a whole packet of biscuits. (= a complete packet)
We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns. We say:
* I've spent all the money you gave me. (not 'the whole money')
E. Every/all/whole with time words
We use every to say how often something happens. So we say every day/every Monday/every ten minutes/every three weeks etc.:
* When we were on holiday, we went to the beach every day. (not 'all days')
* The bus service is very good. There's a bus every ten minutes.
* Ann gets paid every four weeks.
All day/the whole day = the complete day from beginning to end:
* We spent all day/the whole day on the beach.
* He was very quiet. He didn't say a word all evening/the whole evening.
Note that we say all day (not 'all the day'), all week (not 'all the week') etc.
Compare all the time and every time:
* They never go out. They are at home all the time. (= always--not 'every time')
* Every time I see you, you look different. (= each time, on every occasion)
89.1 Complete these sentences with all, everything or everybody/everyone.
1. It was a good party. _Everybody_ enjoyed it.
2. _All_ I've eaten today is a sandwich.
3. --- has got their faults. Nobody is perfect.
4. Nothing has changed --- is the same as it was.
5. Margaret told me --- about her new job. It sounds quite interesting.
6. Can --- write their names on a piece of paper please?
7. Why are you always thinking about money? Money isn't ---.
8. I didn't have much money with me. --- I had was ten pounds.
9. When the fire alarm rang, --- left the building immediately.
10. She didn't say where she was going. --- she said was that she was going away.
11. We have completely different opinions. I disagree with --- she says.
12. We all did well in the examination --- in our class passed.
13. We all did well in the examination --- of us passed.
14. Why are you so lazy? Why do you expect me to do --- for you?
89.2 Write sentences with whole.
1. I read the book from beginning to end. I _read the whole book._
2. Everyone in the team played well. The ---.
3. Paul opened a box of chocolates. When he finished eating, there were no chocolates left in the box. He ate ---.
4. The police came to the house. They were looking for something. They searched everywhere, every room. They ---.
5. Ann worked from early in the morning until late in the evening. ---.
6. Everyone in Dave and Judy's family plays tennis. Dave and Judy play, and so do all their children. The ---.
7. Jack and Jill went on holiday to the seaside for a week. It rained from the beginning of the week to the end. It ---.
Now write sentences 5 and 7 again using all instead of whole.
8. (5) Ann ---.
9. (7) ---.
89.3 Complete these sentences using every with one of the following:
five minutes ten minutes four hours six months four years
1, The bus service is very good. There's a bus _every ten minutes_.
2. Tom is ill. He has some medicine. He has to take it ---.
3. The Olympic Games take place ---.
4. We live near a busy airport. A plane flies over our house ---.
5. It's a good idea to have a check-up with the dentist ---.
89.4 Which is the correct alternative?
1. I've spent _the whole money/all the money_ you gave me. (all the money is correct)
2. Sue works _every day/all days_ except Sunday.
3. I'm tired. I've been working hard _all the day/all day._
4. It was a terrible fire. _Whole building/The whole building_ was destroyed.
5. I've been trying to phone her all day but _every time/all the time_ I phone her the line is engaged.
6. 1 don't like the weather here. It rains _every time/all the time._
7. When I was on holiday, _all my luggage/my whole luggage_ was stolen.
Date: 2016-03-03; view: 222