Ways and techniques to convey the meaning of a word
| v dictionaries
v morphological analysis (word building)
v matching (synonyms, opposites)
v familiar or famous (international) words
|| v demonstration of school paraphernalia (realia)
v illustration material
v demonstration of movements, mime, body language
v pictograms, pictures, schemes
|| v translation by means of giving an equivalent
v comparing a foreign word with that of the mother tongue
The choice of a way of conveying the meaning of a word depends on the following factors: 1) whether the word belongs to the active or passive minimum Voc.;
2) on the stage of learning: at the junior level visual techniques, speech-patterns, translation; at the intermediate level synonyms, antonyms, word-building analysis; at the senior level - context, definitions;
3) on the level of the language preparation of the class;
4) on the qualitative characteristics of a word.
How to work at a new word?
There are two ways: at an isolated word
In a context
How to work at an isolated word:
Ø when you deal with proper names, geographical names;
Ø sometimes you can give some words to develop the language guessing abilities (the first word is given in a context, the rest in isolation: a runner in a context; a jumper will be easily guessed);
Ø when teaching the pupils to work with a dictionary.
Work at a new word in a context is more widely used: in a phrase, in a situation, in a story, in question-answer form, in a talk, in a story with elements of a talk. It leads to better assimilation of new words.
Stage II drilling. Aim: to create/form the stereotypes of usage of a new word.
Stage III situational (communicative practice). Aim improvement of the vocabulary habits and developing of the pupils skills of using the vocabulary independently.
Teaching Listening Comprehension
Characteristics of LC as a means and as an aim of teaching.
Psychological mechanisms of perception of speech by the ear. Difficulties of perception of the living speech in a foreign language.
Date: 2016-01-14; view: 550