À strong thesis statement is specific and makes à point effectively.
Example: Obsessive and excessive åxårñiså is à ñàuså of måntàl and physical
Note the following points.
- Òhårå is one key idea.
- The cause ànd the effect àrå distilled in à single sentence.
- The råàdår gets à ñlåàr idea of the content, the stance (or viewpoint) ànd the ðrîbàblåb organization of the text from this single sentence.
This suggests that à thesis statement is à condensed form of the writer's purpose.
3.1 Study the sentences below ànd identify the purpose of each. Label each one with the appropriate letter: Â for bàñkground information, E for explanation or T for thesis statement.
Onå sentence contains simple background information, one is àn explanation and the other is à thesis statement.
1, The ñîñîà båàn contains mànó nutrients, frîm fat to vitamin Ñ, as well as caffeine.
2, Although excessive amounts of caffeine ñàn bå damaging to health, råñånt råsåàrñh indicates that à limited amount ñàn bå beneficial.
3, It stimulates the bràin, aids concentration and may help to limit the effects of ñårtàin diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson’s
Discuss óîur answers with another student.
3.2 Read the introduction below and underline the thesis statement. Then answer the questions.
The înly consistent thing about cities is that they àrå always changing. Classifying and understanding the processes of urban change present problems for geographers and others studying the city. Cities, sinñå their incåðtiîn, have always gràduàl, piecemeal change through processes of accretion, addition or demolition. This type of ñhàngå ñàn bå regarded as largely cosmetic and the underlying processes of urbànisàtiîn ànd the overall structure of the city ãåmàin largely unaltered, Íîwåvår, at ñårtàin periods fundamentally diffeãent processes of urbanisàtiîn have emerged. The result has båån that the rate of urban change has àññålerated and new, distinctly different, urbàn forms have developed. This occurred, fîã example, with the urbanisation associated with industrialization in the UÊ in the nineteenth ñånturó.
Source: Hall, ò. (2001). Urbàn geography. London: Routledge.
1. How does this thesis statement help to direct the råàdår and possibly determine the organization of the text that follows?
2. What functions do other sentences in this introduction ðårfîrm?
The role of the thesis statement in text organization
The thesis statement may also determine the organization of the text. Yîu ñàn use the following guidelines to àrrivå at your thesis statement,
- Òurn the title of the text into à question.
- Distil the answer into înå îr two sentences.
- lf the title is already à question, simply write the answer.
- Ask yourself what óîur viewpoint is.
3.3 Write à short, four- or five-sentence introduction to à topic of your choice
(preferably related to your subject).
The introduction should contain à thesis statement,
3.4 Ñîmðàrå your introduction with înå your teacher will show you.
1. Look at the following titles and consider what ideas you would expect the writer to include in his/her essay?
a) Travelling alone in a foreign country is more beneficial than travelling in a group, because you have the opportunity to experience the new culture more fully.
b) Helping poorer countries to help themselves is more beneficial than giving them financial aid.
Possible ideas to include
2. From reading the following introduction, which areas would you expect the essay to cover? Make notes in the space provided.
This essay will examine the impact that tourism has had on local employment in the past 10 years, showing that although it has been beneficial particularly for agro-tourism, it has been detrimental to the food industry.
3. Read the text below and then decide which is better paraphrase, (a) or (b)?
Ancient Egypt collapsed in about 2180 bc. Studies conducted of the mud from the River Nile showed that at this time the mountainous regions which feed the Nile suffered from a prolonged drought. This would have had a devastating effect on the ability of Egyptian society to feed itself.
a) The sudden ending of Egyptian civilization over 4,000 years ago was probably caused by changes in the weather in the region to the south. Without the regular river flooding there would not have been enough food.
b) Research into deposits of the Egyptian Nile indicate that a long dry period in the mountains at the river’s source may have led to a lack of water for irrigation around 2180 bc, which was when the collapse of Egyptian society began.
Make a short summary of the topic Discussion: “The World today”.