VI. Name the chief kinds of livestock and food products. Make webbing.
VII. Explain the meaning of some phrases:
1. Busy as a bee.
2. Blind as a bat.
3. Hungry as a bear
4. Sick as a dog
5. Innocent as a lamb
6. Quiet as a mouse
7. Strong as an ox.
VIII. Match each word or phrase in the first column with the word or phrase in the second column that produces a proverb or idiom
1. A barking dog a. the dogs
2. Never look a gift horse b. out of the bag
3. Curiosity killed c. but you canít make him drink
4. Dog eat d. lie
5. You canít teach an old dog e. never bites
6. Let sleeping dogs f. new tricks
7. When the catís away g. jf a different color
8. Let the cat h. horses
9. Thereís more than one way i. hog
10. Itís raining j. dog
11. You may lead a horse to water k. to skin a cat
12. Go to l. in the mouth
13. Go whole m. the mice will play
14. Hold your n. cats and dogs
15. Thatís a horse o. the cat
IX. Match each word in the first column with its correct definition in the second column.
1. hog a. to reveal secret information
2. buffalo b. full of spite, malicious
3. bear c. timid, fearful
4. mousy d. nonsense
5. catty e. to confuse or baffle
6. rat f. to take selfishly
7. bull g. something difficult
X. a) Did you know :
Cows eat about 90 pounds of nutritious food a day.
90 pounds of food equals:
--- 480 hamburgers or
--- 206 baked potatoes or
--- 1440 slices of bread
Cows drink 25 Ė 50 gallons of water each day. Thatís nearly a bathtub full !
b) Did you know:
What a cow eats affects how much milk she makes.
A cow that eats only grass can make about 50 glasses of milk a day.
A cow that eats grass, corn, hay, and mixed feed can make about 100 glasses of milk a day.
Modern milking machines can milk about 100 cows an hour.
c). Did you know:
Milk is one of the safest foods you can eat. In the dairy plant it is never touched by human hands. So it stays very pure and fresh Ė tasting.
In 1884, dairy plants started using glass bottles to store milk.
Before that time they used jars, pails, and cans.
In 1906, the first paper milk carton was used.
In 1964, plastic milk jugs were introduced.
d). Did you know:
Long ago, when people traveled and wanted milk, they had to take cows with them.
When Pilgrims came to America, they brought cows with them.
Nowadays, milk delivered to stores, schools, and even to homes.
The milk delivered today was in a cow 2 days ago.
XI. Speak on one of the topics :
1. Domestic animals
2. Wild animals
XII. Read and translate text B :
Care of Livestock
Feed. A domestic animalsí daily food is called a ration. A balanced ration contains the nutrients that the animal holds for growth and good health. These nutrients include carbohydrates, fats, minerals, protein and vitamins. Animals suffering from nutritional deficiencies produce less meat, milk and eggs. They are also more likely to become unhealthy. Some livestock producers and animal feed companies use computers to determine the kind and proportion of ingredients used in livestock rations.
Swine and poultry feed consists of various grains, by- products from food Ė processing, minerals, vitamins and concentrated plant and animal proteins. Cattle, sheep and other ruminants (animals with more than one stomach compartment) eat the grasses of pastureland. They are also fed grain, hay, the stalks of certain plants and other crop remains.
Many farmers raise cattle in fenced Ė in areas called feed lots. These animals receive special feed that increases their growth rate. The use of feed lots decreases the amount of land needed for grazing. It also concentrates the amount of animal wastes available for use as fertilizer. Farmers move these wastes from the feed lots to the fields to fertilize the crops.
Shelter.Livestock require some protection from severe weather so they can maintain satisfactory growth and reproduction. At one time, these animals could live easily without shelter. Through the years, however, farmers have developed breeding methods designed to increase meat production. These methods produce less hardly types of livestock. Today, many livestock cannot withstand extreme cold or heat. Exposure to snow and wind can also harm the animals.
Livestock owners provide the most economical type of shelter that can best maintain the animalsí levels of food production. Some livestock need only a windbreak or shade tree for shelter. Others are sheltered in climate Ė controlled buildings where the humidity, light, sound level, temperature and ventilation are precisely regulated.