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Traditional British Cooking

High tea is a purely British Institution. Though foods for high tea and supper are mostly interchangeable, it is more the custom to have something cold for high tea and something hot for supper.

The turkey compared with the hen is a new resident in Britain. Contrary to common belief it is not the oldest British Christmas bird; the goose is much more traditional. America can claim the turkey for her own where it is a Ďmustí for Thanksgiving Day in November. The best turkeys come from Norfolk and due to modern rearing methods are available all the year round.

Hare and venison are the best known of game meats in Britain. Venison is the culinary name for all breeds of the deer and the free ranging forest deer from Scotland are considered the choicest.

Veal is not typically traditional British meat: it was never popular among working people in the country. In fact it was rather suspect, what was wrong with the calf that had to be killed?

What we call roast meat today is really baked meat; roasting was done in front of the open fire with roasting jack and screen. Roasted meat should be cooked in an oven tin or a hot oven, so that it comes into contact with dry heat on all sides to get the characteristic brown Ďcrustí. To a housewife meat is the thing and a vegetable course is a hit-or-miss affair.

What do we call ďEnglish teaĒ? What tea do you prefer? What do you know about the traditions of making tea in different countries (England, China, Russia)?

What do the English usually eat on weekdays?

How do the Englishmen cook vegetables?

What kinds of pies and desserts does English cuisine include?

What traditional English meal would you like to taste/to cook yourself?

Do you know what eating out means?

Eating Out

People in Britain donít eat out very often. They usually go to restaurants on special occasions. Restaurants are quite expensive. Young people eat out more often than older people. There are four kinds of eating places in Britain:

Take-aways.You buy your food here and you take it home. The most common take-aways are fish and chips shops and Chinese take-aways. The food here is quite cheap.

Fast food restaurants.You order your food at the counter and then take it to your table to eat it. Hamburger and pizza restaurants are the most common fast food places.

Pubs.Most pubs serve food. But you must be 16 to into a pub and you canít buy alcohol until youíre 18.

Restaurants. A waiter or waitress serves you. There are many different kinds of restaurant in Britain. Chinese, French, Indian and Italian are the most common.

In Britain you often have three courses: a starter (soup), a main course (steak or chicken), and a dessert (strawberries or ice cream). You may also have an aperitif (a drink before the meal, e.g. gin and tonic), and coffee after the meal. When you pay the bill (the money for the meal; AmE - check), you sometimes also leave a tip (money) for the waiter if service is notincluded in the price. (10% is a normal tip). If it is a popular restaurant, you may also need to book (reserve) a table in advance (before you go).



Do people often eat out in your country?

Where do they go?

What kinds of eating place are there in your town?

What is fast food?

Fast foodhas been designed to be eaten "on the go", often does not require traditional cutlery, and is eaten as a finger food. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, French fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream, although many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. Fast food is usually rapidly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion which minimizes cost. .Because of commercial emphasis on speed, uniformity and low cost, fast food products are often made with ingredients formulated to achieve a certain flavor or consistency and to preserve freshness.

4. Look at this MENU and find the answers to the questions

       
 
 
   

 

 

 


STARTERS

Home-made tomato soup 70 p

Garlic bread 80 p

Jacket potato with butter 75 p

Make your own salad from our salad bar: cucumber,

tomatoes, onions, lettuce, peppers, sweetcorn, beans £1.35

PIZZAS

The big one. A traditional pizza with ham, salami, sausage,

black olives, green peppers and sliced mushrooms £3.55

The taste of the sea.If you like fish, youíll love this pizza.

It has tuna, mussels, anchovies and sardines on a traditional cheese

and tomato base £3.40

Some like it hot.You get a free glass of water with our special hot pizza:

beef,hot chillies, red and green peppers, onions and tomatoes £ 3.30

Vegetarian delight.A healthy alternative with green peppers,

mushrooms andonions on a cheese and tomato pizza £ 3.15

Hawaiian style.An exotic pizza from the South Seas: ham, chicken,

Pineapple and sweetcorn £ 3.10

Traditional.Cheese and tomato £ 2.60

 

Which kinds of fast food are popular in different countries?

Although fast food often brings to mind traditional American fast food such as hamburgers and fries, there are many other forms of fast food that enjoy widespread popularity in the West/ Chinese takeaways/takeout restaurants are particularly popular. They normally offer a wide variety of Asian food(not always Chinese), which has normally been fried. Most options are some form of noodles, rice,or meat. In some cases, the food is presented as a smorgasbord,sometimes self service. The customer chooses the size of the container they wish to buy, and then is free to fill it with their choice of food. Many of these restaurants offer free delivery for purchases over a minimum amount. Many types of sushi ready to eat Sushi has seen rapidly rising popularity in recent times. A form of fast food created in Japan (where bento is the Japanese equivalent of fast food), sushi is normally cold sticky rice served with raw fish. The most popular kind in the West is rolls of rice in nori (dried lover), with filling. The filling often includes fish, chicken or cucumber. Pizza is a common fast food category in the United States//Kebab houses are a form of fast food restaurant from the Middle East , especially Turkey and Lebanon. Meat is shaven from a rotisserie, and is served on a warmed flatbread with salad and a choice of sauce and dressing. Kebab shops are also found throughout the world, especially Europe, but they generally are less common in the US. Fish and chip shops are a form of fast food popular in the United Kingdom, Australiaand New Zealand.Fish is battered and then deep fried.The Dutchhave their own types of fast food. A Dutch fast food meal often consists of a portion of French fries (called friet or patat) with a sauce and a meat product. The most common sauce to accompany French fries is mayonnaise, while others can be ketchupor spiced ketchup, peanut sauce or piccalilli. The meat product is usually a deep fried snack; this includes the frikandel (a deep fried skinless minced meat sausage), and the kroket (deep fried meat ragoutcovered in breadcrumbs). )

Which kinds of fast food are popular in Russia?

Make a list of fast food dishes popular in Russia and then compare it with your partner's.

1. Act the dialogue out.

Good evening, sir. Are you ready to order?

Yes. Iíd like the spicy chicken, please.

Iím sorry, sir. There isnít any spicy chicken left.

Oh, thatís a shame. Iíll have the roast beef, then.

What would you like to drink?

A glass of sparkling mineral water, please.

Thank you, sir.

 

Many people are very fond of ice cream. And you? Read the magazine article and do the tasks below.


Date: 2016-01-03; view: 289


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