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a.Read the headline and the first sentence of each paragraph of the text. Pair up to discuss the guessed-at topic of the article.

b. Read the first paragraph and the last paragraph of the text. Then work in pairs to discuss the guessed-at contents of the piece.

c. Read the text during two minutes. After two minutes, get into pairs to discuss the contents of the piece.


a. While scanning the text find the answers for content-specific questions given by the teacher.

b.While scanning the text read the sentences containing the key vocabulary words given by the teacher.

Ex.3. READING:Read and translate the text “What is Customs enforcement and compliance”.

Ex.4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

Ex.5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

  • trans-national
  • organized crime
  • services
  • intelligence
  • security
  • facilitation
  • risk management
  • enforcement practices
  • vulnerable
  • damage
  • unique position
  • global trade

Ex.6. CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words from the

text are necessary for the text rendering.

Ex.7. GOOGLE SEARCH: Find in the Internet additional information on the

WCO’s Customs Control and Enforcement Programme.

Ex.8. VOCAB: Make a list of words necessary writing and speaking on the topic.

Ex.9. WRITING: Write about the Customs Enforcement and Compliance for 10

minutes. Correct your partner’s paper.

Ex.10.ESSEY:Write an essay on the topic “Customs Enforcement and

Compliance”, using additional information.

Ex.11. SPEAKING: Speak on the topic.



Ex.1. Functions of Transitional Words & Phrases

(A) Can you think of other words and phrases that have these functions?

(B) Can you think of any other functions that have not been included in the list given in the Reference Grammar ADDENDUM?

Ex.2. Transitional Words & Phrases

Reading: Mexican Immigration to the US

Finally, it is likely that overall migration and migration from Mexico in particular will continue at roughly current levels. Thus, the United States can anticipate the entry of another 14 million immigrants between 2000 and 2010 with net migration of at least 400,000 Mexicans per year. Consequently, the foreign-born population would increase from 31 million in 2000 to about 40 million in 2010, to represent 13 percent of the total population. The Mexican-born population would grow from about nine million in 2000 to almost 13 million in 2010; at that point, more than 10 percent of the Mexican-born population would be in the United States with less than 90 percent in Mexico.

Adapted from Passel, J. Mexican Immigration to the US: The Latest Estimates

Identify any transitional words and phrases,give them a function andfind an equivalent for them.

Transitional words and phrases Function Equivalent
Finally Summarising / Concluding In conclusion

Ex.3. Reading: Immigration & Poverty

Looking at rates of poverty is very important it provides a good deal of insight into Mexican immigration's impact on the United States. Poverty rates have wide-ranging implications for the immigrants themselves for society in general. Mexican immigrants are finding it difficult to obtain a middle-class income, it implies that a significant proportion of immigrants are unable to succeed in the modern American economy, it implies significant fiscal costs to the country. Persons who live in or near poverty are, by design, eligible for a wide range of means-tested programs.

The progressive nature of payroll and other taxes, those with low incomes pay relatively little in taxes. By consuming scarce public resources, an increase in the size of the low-income population immigration may hinder the ability of the nation to help those with low incomes already here.

Adapted from Camarota, S.A. Immigration From Mexico: Assessing the Impact on the United States

Ex.4.Put the following transitional words and phrases back into the text:

moreover, and not only…but , finally, because;


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 172

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