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1 PRESENT, PAST, FUTURE (Active and Passive) 1 Ļ, λ .

Exercise 1. Put the verbs in brackets in correct tense forms (the Present Simple or the Present Progressive).

1. An ordinary project______about two months, but this one ______a bit longer. (to take)

2. We usually______messages by e-mail, but this document we ______by a courier. (to send)

3. As a rule, the company ___ us business class tickets, but for this trip they______us an economy class. (to buy)

4. We usually _____ a freelace interpreter, but for these particular negotiations we ______the first-class specialist. (to hire)

5. Typically our firm______salary once a year, but this year it ______it twice because of inflation. (to increase)

6. Our authorities ______ a hunred dollars for Christmas presents, but this year they ____ much more. (to spend)

7. We always______ hard control over cur expenses, but now we______ it even harder. (to keep)

8. Usually we_____ a dozen of orders per day, but on the New Years eve we______half a hundred. (to receive)


Exercise 2. Put the verbs in brackets in correct tense forms (the Present Simple or the Present Progressive).

1. We______ (to work) with American companies now, but I ______(to think) we should apply to our national companies.2. At present we _____ (to carry out) a market research to find out what particular products customers______(to want). 3. The marketing department______ (to try) to find a new logo for our new product that _____(to appear) attractive.4. John ________(not to work) at the moment; he ______ (to be) between jobs. 5. This brand of cheese ________(to taste) delicious, so it _____(to become) very popular. 6. The computer technology______ (to change) so fast that only a specialist______ (to know) how to keep up with the latest developments. 7. Little by little, as a new product____ (to become) known, more and more customers______(to want)to buy it. 8. Slowly the quantity of TV commercials _______ (to grow) here, but w e ______(to need) to convince our clients that it s nossible to do it.


Exercise 3. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense forms (the Present Simple or the Present Progressive).

1. Is Mr Stanton busy? - Yes, he ______figures of the recent report. (to study)

2. John,______you______ Miss Janowski? - Im not sure, oh, yes, I ______now our last meeting at the head office. (to remember)

3. Where is Miss Martinet? - She______a business lunch with the American partner. (to have)

4. Brian, what______ you _______about our opening ceremony? I ______ of my presentation at the moment. (to think)

5. Where is Mr Thomson? - He _____a meeting with the company shareholders. (to have)

6. What______the company guard______ now? They_____a new uniform. (to do, to fit)

7. Is the executive director in? - No, the director____applicants this morning. (to see)

8. Where is the company secretary? - Shell be later. She _____problems with her car. (to have)

9 . ____ you______ a driver license? Not yet, but I ____ to drive a car now. (to have, to learn)

10. Hello, Bill.______you still______ for Telecom? - No, I____out for a better job. (to work, to look)

Exercise 4. Choose the correct form of the predicate either in the Present Perfect or in the Past Simple.

1. Yesterday it (has revealed/revealed) that the BBC (has budgeted/budgeted) for cuts in costs of resources, such as studios. Computer error (has also contributed/also contributed) to the overspend.

2. Most of trappings of the high life once enjoyed by Mr Maxwell (have already gone/already went). At the end of the last year a judge (has limited/limited) his living expenses to £1,500 a week. Mr Maxwell and his wife (have sold/sold) their eight-bedroom mansion in Chelsea for £1.7 million. Mr Maxwell (has now entered/now entered) the history books as Britains biggest bankrupt.

3. In the pre-industrial past, people (have worked/worked) very hard, but they (havent had/didnt have) jobs to frame their activities. Then jobs (have become/became) not only common but important: they (have been/were) nothing less than the only path to security and success.

Exercise 5. Form the proper predicates of the verbs in brackets (the Present Perfect versus the Past Simple).

1. I never ______(to want) to be an entrepreneur. I just______ (to want) to be a magazine editor. Since then I just______(to go) into a new business that interests me.

2. A few years ago, Yutaka Kume, chairman of Nissan,______(to acquire) a small, ready-built house in the outskirts of Tokyo.A photograph of Kumes dream'home,______(to shock) the Japanese public when i t ______(appear) in a popular magazine.

3. Now, at the age of 46, Strathalmond______(to find) himself for the first time in his life standing back and taking a long hard look at his future. "I always______(to believe) that change is the best sort of challenge, he says.

4. "Smith Kline Beecham, a big British drugs firm, just ______(to announce) its third-quarter results. The price of its shares_______(to increase) by 2.5 percent in Londons Stock Exchange.


Exercise 6. Complete the dialogue with the verbs in the box using them either in the Present Perfect or in the Past Simple.


to book to arrive to send to be to ask to prepare |  

PA: Can I talk to you about your future business trip?

Boss: Sure. ______your already______ the flight to New York?

PA: Of course. Your tickets______ this morning.

Boss: Good. What about hotel?

PA: They _____ just______us a fax confirming the reservation. Shall I order a taxi for you from the airport?

Boss: No, you neednt. John from marketing department will send a company car. When I ______in New York last summer there_______no problems with the transport.

PA: You _______about the recent data from sales department, they_______already_______ them for you.

Boss: Thanks a lot.


Exercise 7. Choose the correct form of predicates in brackets (the Past bimple or the Past Progressive).

1. One of the first things that Hanson (did/was doing) was to sell the research centre and put the scientists nearer to the marketeers. 2. In 1990, Tokyoites (threw/were throwing) out 128,000 televisions, 88,000 washing machines, 100,000 fridges and 190,000 bicycles. 3. A number of firms (found/were finding) that they (lost/were losing) control of their proceeds technology; others that their product quality (faltered/was faltering). 4. Murdoch (watched/was watching)

the communication technology explosion and (decided/was deciding) he (wanted/was wanting) a large piece of it. 5. Drucker (believed/was believing) that managers (needed/were needing) to understand that they (delt/were dealing) with human beings and not machines. 6. At that time all

businesses (were/were being) tough on the workers. 7. When they (spoke/were speaking) a message (started/was starting) to come through on the noisy machine. 8. As the world (was/was being) at war, every big company in the USA (worked/was working) as hard as possible to produce equipment for the army. 9. In 1932, GMs Cadillac company (had/was having) real problems. 10. Cadillac company (began/was beginning) to lose large amounts of money.


Exercise 8. Choose the correct form of predicates in brackets (the Past Simple or the Past Perfect).

1. It (was/had been) the first time that a car-maker (won/had won) the award. 2. The triumphs of mass production early in the century (gave/had given) birth to most of the giant firms which (came/had come) to tower over their industries. 3. Dixons, the UKs biggest electrical retailer, (unveiled/hadunveiled) its results yesterday and they (received/had received) a mixed reaction from the City. 4. The funds that Rebos TV (initially planned/had initially planned) on amortizing over five years (grew/had grown) obsolete in less than two years. 5. Corporate indebtness (rose/had risen) sharply in the boom years of the late 1980s. 6. Peters (worked/had

worked) hard on his book and by the late summer of that year he (wrote/had written) 1,300 pages. 7. After a slow start, the book (started/had started) to sell in huge quantities and by the end of 1985 around five million people (bought/had bought) it. 8. Although GM (only asked/had only asked) Drucker to write a report, he soon (realized/had realized) that he (had/had had) enough ideas for a book.


Exercise 9. Fill in the blanks with proper predicates formed of the verbs in brackets (the Past Simple or the Past Progressive).

Then, in 1910, Taylor suddenly______ (to become) famous. The US government_______ (to have) a meeting about the different costs of train and sea travel. The railway companies _______ (to need) more money from taxes, the shipowners did not. To explain their point the shipowners______ (to ask) their managers to tell them about a man called Frederick Taylor. The next day, Taylors name and a description of his ideas_______ (to be) in all the newspapers. Everybody in the US business world_______ (to talk) about scientific management.


Exercise 10. Fill in the blanks with proper predicates formed of the verbs in brackets (the Past Simple or the Past Perfect).

In the years to come, General Motors______(to start) to face problems. Alfred Sloans method_______ (to mean) that managers_______ (to spend) a long time in meetings and the

company often_______ (to take) decisions slowly. Until the end of the 1960s, th is_______(not to be) a special problem. But as the speed of business life ______ (to get) faster, GM sometimes_______ (to find) that i t ________(be) too slow to solve the problems and take the opportunities of the modem world. Its huge beautiful , cars_______ (to be) also expensive and _______ (to use) too much petrol. When the price on petrol_______ (to rise) suddenly in the early 1970s, more and more people_______(to start) driving smaller cheaper cars from Japan.


Exercise 11. Fill in the blanks with proper predicates formed of the veros in brackets (the Past Simple, the Past Progressive or the Past Perfect).

David Mann knew something______ (to be) up when he ______(to see) his boss car________(to park) in the company parking lot. As he ______(to hurry) along the corridor to his finance director, he______(to wonder) why the normally amiable Suit______(to be) so abrupt. A week later, after a series of preliminary meetings, Mann and his team_______ (to sit) in the office of Grappe Ventures when Suit_______ (to unravel) the mystery saying, "Bad news, David.


Exercise 12. Fill in the blanks with predicates in the Present Passive of the verbs in the box.

| to make to use to place to pipe to refer to mix to pump |



Date: 2015-12-24; view: 86

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