Talk about the way people celebrate Easter in Ukraine.
What are the most important or interesting parts of this holiday?
Is the holiday celebrated in Great Britain as well? In what way is it the same or different?
Examination Card #27 (12)
Read the texts (A–G) given below. Decide if the sentences (1–8) are T (true) or F (false).
A Dragons can be found in countless stories around the world. The stories usually involvethe slaying of the dragon by a hero. Dragons are symbols of evil, magic and power, perhaps because they often guard a treasure in a cave. Typically described as monstrous, lizardlike creatures that can breathe fire, have big claws, wings and a long spiky tail, it’s no wonder they are storybook favourites.
B The Sphinx is a mysterious creature from Egypt and Greece. It had the body, legs and tail of a lion, a human head (sometimes male, sometimes female) and large, strong wings. The most famous sphinx from Greek legends was in Thebes. It asked travellers a riddle. Those who could answer the riddle were allowed to pass and those who could not were killed.
C The Sirens come from Greek mythology. They were very attractive creatures who were half woman and half bird, with wings and claws. They lived on an island between Italy and Sicily, and their beautiful voices and haunting songs lured sailors to their deaths by making them steer their ships straight towards the island and crash onto the rocks.
D Unicorns were magical mythical creatures that looked like horses. They first appearedin ancient myths from Mesopotamia, China and India. They were strong, wild and fierce, with glossy white coats, blue eyes and a horn projecting from their foreheads. People believed that if they drank from a unicorn’s horn they would be immune to all poisons.
E The Hydra was a huge snake-like monster with nine heads. Each head was attached to a long neck, and if one was cut off, two would grow back in its place. They feature in Greek and African mythology.
F Giants were huge humanlike creatures that appeared mainly in European folklore. They were tall, fat and ugly, and some had only one eye. They were feared and hated because of their cruelty, stupidity and fondness for eating people, although friendly giants were not completely unheard of.
G Griffins were gigantic mythical creatures from the Middle East and the Mediterranean. They had a lion’s body and an eagle’s head and wings, with pointed ears like a horse. With the speed and sight of an eagle and the strength and courage of a lion, griffins often protected vast treasures.
1.Dragons belonged to powerful magicians.
2.There is only one famous Sphinx, the one from Thebes.
3.The Sirens attracted sailors with their beautiful voices.
4.People believed unicorns could heal the sick.
5.The Hydra had six heads.
6.All giants were mean and nasty.
7.Griffins often protected collections of valuable things.
8.All the creatures in the text come from Greek myths.
For questions 1–6, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.
I (1) .....took an elderly man on a wildlife safari in South America. He had obviously not read the brochure because he thought that we would be shooting the animals. I had a lot of trouble trying to (2) .....him that we were only there to (3) .....them.
(4) ....., some people take all the wrong equipment with them. You get people going on safari covered in gold jewellery and (5) .....two huge suitcases filled with fashionable clothes. The luggage has to be taken along on the expedition, so I (6) .....them to take one bag only.
Being a tour guide is not as simple as it seems. However, it certainly does have its memorable moments.
You are studying at the language courses in Great Britain. You’re going to be late today.
Write a message for your roommate. Include the followinginformation:
• where you are;
• write what your friend can have for dinner;
• remind him/her that you are both going to the Helen’s birthday party tonight.
Nowadays young people can’t live without their favourite gadgets (mobile phones, MP3
players and computers). Talk about them. Include the following:
• What they are used for on a daily basis.
• How these inventions changed the life of young people.
• What would the life without these gadgets be like?
Examination Card #28 (13)
Read the text given below and choose the best answer (A, B, C, D) for the sentences (1–4).
Picture the scene: a young woman is walking to her car in a multi-storey car park late at night. Suddenly, a man jumps out at her from behind a column. She performs some fancy moves, kicks him where it hurts and while he’s on the floor she jumps into her car and drives away unharmed.
Well, that’s how they do it in films. Unfortunately, the reality might be something quite different. When the girl tries to kick the bad guy, he grabs her and pulls her off balance and now she’s on the floor, defenceless, with nowhere to run. This little scenario should serve to teach you three very important things: real life is nothing like in films; never walk alone at night, whether you are a man or a woman: and, most importantly, use your brain and not your body to defend yourself against an attacker.
Staying safe is all about not putting yourself in a potentially dangerous situation. Avoid a potential attack before it happens by using your common sense. This means don’t go out alone at night, stay in well-lit areas, make sure someone always knows where you are, be aware of your surroundings at all times, walk with confidence and carry a mobile phone with you at all times. Basically, don’t make yourself a target. Attackers look for people who are vulnerable.
If you do find yourself in a dangerous situation where you are being threatened, try and diffuse it. That is, try not to make the situation worse by getting angry or trying to fight. The best defence is to remove yourself completely from the situation. Calmly walk away if you can, but if you feel you have to run away, then that’s what you should do, as fast as you can. If all else fails and physical force is your only choice, then you must fight back. However, the only way to do this effectively is to use the moves you have learnt at a self-defence class. A good self-defence instructor will teach you how to escape an attacker’s grasp and how to disable or distract him long enough for you to escape.
1. What is the writer’s purpose in writing the text?
Ato describe something that happened
Bto say why people are attacked
Cto teach people how to fight
Dto explain how to defend yourself
2. What would a reader learn about films from the text?
AThey don’t give a realistic message about self-defence.
BThey can make some people very violent.
CThey can be a useful way to learn about self-defence.