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Words ending in -our

Summary 3-21

British/American English

Vocabulary:

Finish the sentences

 

Example: In the UK, you play football; in the US, you play soccer.

1. In the UK, you eat biscuits; in the US, you eat ______.

2. In the UK, you buy a return ticket; in the US, you buy a _________.

3. In the UK, you take a lift; in the US, you take an __________.

4. In the UK, you go to the cinema; in the US, you go to the __________.

5. In the UK, you wear trousers; in the US, you wear __________.

6. In the UK, you go on holiday; in the US, you go on _________.

7. In the UK, you wait in a queue; in the US, you wait in a ________.

8. In the UK, the third season is autumn; in the US, the third season is _________.

9. In the UK, you wear a jumper; in the US, you wear a ___________.

10. In the UK, you eat sweets; in the US, you eat ___________.

11. In the UK, you live in a flat; in the US, you live in an _________.

12. In the UK, you eat chips; in the US, you eat ________.

13. In the UK, you eat crisps; in the US, you eat ________.

14. In the UK, you throw away rubbish; in the US, you throw away _____.

 

Compare the British and American dialogues

American British
1. A Do you have the time? B Yeah, it's five of four. A Did you say five after? B No, five of four.   2 A What are you gonna do on the weekend? B The usual stuff. Play soccer with the kids, and sweep the yard.   3 A Did you enjoy the game? B Yeah, it was great, but we had to stand in line for half an hour to get tickets.   4 A Did you have a good vacation? B Yeah, real good. A How long were you away? B Five days in all. Monday thru Friday.   5 A Can you mail this letter and package for me? B Sure thing. A And can you stop by the liquor store and buy a six-pack of Michelob and some potato chips? B Is that all?   6 A Did you see The Birds on cable last night? B Sure, even though I've seen it two times before. A My third time. Isn't it just an awesome movie? B Sure is. One of my favorites.   7 A Did they bring the check yet? B Yeah. They just did. But I can't read a thing. It's lighted so badly in here.   8 A Do we need to stop for gas? B Yeah, why not? I need to use the restroom anyway 1 A Have you got the time? B Yeah, it's five to four. A Did you say five past? B No, five to four.   2 A What are you going to do at the weekend? 8 The usual. Play football with my kids, and do a bit of gardening.   3 A Did you enjoy the match? B Yeah, it was great, but we had to queue for half an hour to get tickets.   4 A Did you have a good holiday? B Yeah, really good. A How long were you away? B Five days altogether. From Monday to Friday.   5 A Can you post this letter and parcel for me? B Of course. A And can you call at the off-licence and buy a six-pack of Stella and some crisps? B Is that all?   6 A Did you watch The Birds on telly last night? B I did, even though I've seen it twice before. A My third time. Isn't it just a terrific film? B It certainly is. One of my favourites.   7 A Have they brought the bill yet? B Yeah, they just have. But I can't read a thing. The lighting is so bad in here.   8 A Do we need to stop for petrol? B Yes, why not. I need to go to the loo anyway.

 



 

BRITISH VS AMERICAN ENGLISH

There are a few grammatical differences between British English and American English:

AMERICAN
The present perfect is more common: I've lost my key. Have you seen it? (or I lost my key. Did you see it?)   The present perfect is more common with just,alreadyand yet. I'm not hungry. I've just had lunch. (or I just had lunch.) He's already left. Have you finished work yet? The past simpleis more common: I lost my key. Did you see it? (or I've lost my key. Have you seen it?)   The past simple is more common with just,alreadyand yet. I'm not hungry. I just had lunch. (or I've just had lunch.) He already Left. Did you finish work yet?
  British speakers usually say: have a bath, have a shower have a break, have a holiday   American speakers say: take a bath, take a shower take a break, take a vacation
at the weekend/at weekends: Will you be here at the weekend?   on the weekend/on weekends: Will you be here on the weekend?
at university/school She studied chemistry at university. in university/school She studied French in high school.
write to smb. I promised to write to her every day.   write smb. I promised to write her every day.  
atthe front/atthe back (of a group etc.) Let's sit at the front (of the cinema). inthe front/inthe back (of a group etc.): Let's sit in the front (of the movie theater).
Nouns like government/team/familyetc. can have a singular or plural verb: The team is/are playing well. These nouns normally take a singular verb in American English: The team is playing well.
Some verbs (burn, spelletc.) can be regular or irregular (burned/burnt, spelled/speltetc.)
 
 


V3 of getisgot:

Your English has got much better.

(= has become much better)

Verbs are often regular (burned, spelledetc.)     V3 of getisgotten: Your English has gotten much better.

 

1. Words ending in –re

British English words that end in -re often end in -er in American English:

British US British US
centre center litre liter
fibre fiber theatre theater or theatre

 

Words ending in -our

British English words ending in -our usually end in -or in American English:

British US British US
colour color labour labor
flavour flavor neighbour neighbor
humour humor    

 


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 89


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