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Synecology - is a section of ecology that studies changes of communities over time

 

Term "Sustainable development" referred to ecology was first introduced at: Earth Declaration on environment and development, Rio-de-Janeiro, 1992

 

The International Convention about wildlife protection is: Convention on Biological Diversity

The International Convention on control of persistent organic pollutants is: Stockholm convention

 

The International basic document aboutgreenhouse gases control is: Kyoto protocol

The International basic documentaboutozone layer safety is: Montreal protocol

 

The amount of the earth's water supply available to land organisms is: less than 1%

 

The area of the earth occupied with living things is called: biosphere

The author of the study about biosphere is: Vernadsky

 

The average renewal rate of lakes is: 17 years

 

The average renewal rate of rivers is: about 12-17 days

 

The average renewal rate of underground waters is: 1400 years

 

The base of the food chain in marine systemis composed of: Phytoplankton

 

The basic national current document about environment safety of Kazakhstan: Concept of Ecological Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2004-2015

 

The basic nature protection law of Kazakhstan is: Ecological Code

 

The biological community on the islands created after volcanic eruption is the result of: Secondary Succession

 

The carrying capacity of a population does NOT include the statement: the population exhibits J-shaped growth curve

 

The chemical compounds that can cause acid rain: sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide

 

The combustion of fossil fuel has increased atmospheric levels of: C02.

 

The concept of living component of biosphere was proposed by: Vernandsky

 

The earth's biomes are controlled primarily by: temperature and precipitations

 

The exchange pool for carbon in a carbon cycle is: Atmosphere

 

The following compounds generally destroy ozone layer: Greenhouse gases (C02, CH4 e t c.), CFC

 

The following is NOT correctly matched: herbivore – autotroph

The global human population grew very slowly until: the industrial revolution

 

The global warming is primarily caused by: increase of greenhouse gases concentration

 

The greenhouse gases are the following: C02, CFCs, CH4, NO, N02, troposphere ozone

 

The heights of troposphere and stratosphere above the earth: 0-15 km and 15-55 km respectively

 

The largest landscape zone of Kazakhstan is: desert

 

The main air pollutants in Kazakhstan are: ammonia, dust, phenols, formaldehyde, lead

 

The main anthropogenic cause of desertification is: excessive livestock grazing

 

The main characteristic of biomass pyramids of freshwater or marine is to be: inverted

 

The main reason of the photochemical smog is: atmosphere temperature inversion



 

The main reason of Aral Sea catastrophe is: careless use of water for irrigation

 

The main reason of ozone destruction is: Greenhouse gas (C02, CH4 etc)

The main source of water pollution is: petrochemical industry

 

The majorcomponent of photochemical smog is: troposphere ozone

 

The major producers found in aquatic ecosystems are: phytoplankton

 

The natural reason of desertification is: wind and water erosion

 

The neritic zone is in: Open Ocean

 

The number of the world described species is: 1.7 million species of the estimated total number (5-20%).

 

The number of the world endangered animals (vertebrates) species: 6.000 species of animals

 

The number of the world endangered plants (flowering) species is: 25.000 species of plants

 

The numbers of national parks and reserves in Kazakhstan are: 10 reserves and 10 (or 12) national parks

 

The numbers of plants and animals species included in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan are: 404 and 309, respectively

 

The objects of ecology in order to become less complicated: organ system, organs, tissues, cell; Biosphere - Ecosystem - Communities - Populations – Organisms

 

The objects of ecology in order to become more complicated: tissues, organs, organ system;

 

 

The obvious effect caused by the global warming is: increasing of level of the water.

The organic part of the soil that helps it to retain its moisture and nutrients is: humus

 

The pH of sad rain is: below 5

 

The physical which an organism lives is its: habitat

 

The primary body responsible for nature protection in KZ: Ministry of Environment Protection

The primary cause of species extinction is: destruction of habitats

The primary reason of acid rain is: burning fossil fuels

 

The salt concentration of Aral Sea water in 1960s to 2000 year increased: to 3-5 times.

 

The sigmoidal growth curve is typical of a population that: is regulated by density-dependent factors

 

The surface area of Aral Sea from 1960s to 2000 year decreased to: to 50 -75%

 

The term "Biosphere" was introduced by: Suess

 

The term "Ecology" was introduced by: Heckel

 

The term "Ecosystem" was introduced by: Tansley

 

The term "Noosphere" was introduced by: Le Rois

 

The water level of Aral Sea from 1960s to 2000 year fell to: 12-14 meters and 16-18 meters.

 

The way of greenhouse gases reduction is: alternative energy use.

The wolf and fox are on the same trophic level because both animals: eat herbivore organisms

 

The world amount of fresh wateris: about 3%

 

To prevent or reduce waste it should be done: to use recycled materials whenever possible

 

To reduce greenhouse effect it should be done: to use alternative sources of energy

 

To stop ozone layer deletion it should be done: to replace or recycle Freon used in fridge and cooling systems

 

Tolerance- is limits of organisms’ stability to effect of ecological factors

 

Two species that occupy a very similar niche are likely to be: competitors

Type of biotic relationship when one species benefits and other one has neither harm nor profit: commensalism

 

Xerophytes are organisms that: are adapted to drought and environmental water shortage

 

 


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 318


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