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Verbs Followed Only by Infinitives

(The verbs are arranged alphabetically. Each verb is followed by an example.)

agreeThey agreed to give him a try.

appear
He appeared to know everything.

arrange
I have arranged to meet him on Monday.

ask
She asked to see her doctor.

care
He doesn't care to answer

choose
We chose to ignore it.

claim
He claims to be an expert.

decide
She decided not to go to the party.

demand
I demand to see the person in charge!

deserve
He deserves to win the contest.

expect
He expected to be home sooner.

fail
They failed to follow the instructions.

get
It's not fair that she gets to see him before the others.

happen
I happened to pass by, so we had a chat.

hesitate
Don't hesitate to call.

hope
I hope to see you soon.

intend
She didn't intend to hurt you.

know howHe knows how to to run a business.

learn
He learned to speak Spanish very quickly.

manage
We managed to finish everything on time.

offer
He offered to go for a walk.

plan
You planned to meet us here.

prepare
We were preparing to leave when the phone rang.

pretend
He pretended not to hear a word.

promise
She promised to take us with her next time.

refuse
I refuse to cooperate.

seem
It seems to be broken.

swear
He swore to revenge.

tend
These plants tend to grow slowly.

threaten
He has threatened to hurt us.

undertakeShe undertook to design the new collection.

wait
The runners were waiting to start.

want
I want to speak with you in private.

wish
I wish to change my address.

would like
I would like to add something before we continue.

yearn
She yearns to go free.

Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part Iabove).

 

Verbs Followed by Gerunds or Infinitives

(with a significant change in the meaning)

(The verbs are arranged alphabetically. Each verb is followed by an example.

Forget

He forgot opening the window. (Meaning: He opened the window, but he forgot doing so.)

He forgot to open the window. (Meaning: he was supposed to open the window, but he forgot.)

regret

She regrets quitting her job. (She quited her job, and now she regrets it.)

She regrets to quit her job. (She is sorry to quit her job.)
stop

He stopped chatting. (He was chatting, and then he stopped.)

He stopped to chat. (He was doing something else, and then he stop in order to chat.)

remember

I remembered locking the storage. (I had a memory in my mind of locking the storage.)

I remembered to lock the storage. (I locked the storage as I should have.)

Try

They tried moving to Australia. (They moved to Australia for some time to see if it works out for them.)

They tried to move to Australia. (They made an attempt to move to Australia, but it wasn't successful. They didn't move to Australia after all.)

Part III

So when you need to decide which one to use, first check whether the main verb is limited only to gerunds, or only to infinitives.

If the verb is not on any of the lists, you can use the following guidelines:



  • The word "go" + sports or recreational activities usually take a gerund.
    Examples: "Let's go shopping", "They went skiing".
  • After a preposition you should use a gerund.
    Examples: "I will talk with you before going to lunch" "I am looking forward to working with you".
  • Expressions with the words "have", "spend" and "waste" take a gerund.
    Examples: "She had fun skiing", "He wasted all his time worrying".
  • In many cases, the infinitive form is used to show the intention or purpose.
    Examples: "We are here to help", "He left to catch the train".
  • The infinitive form is also used to show the reason.
    Examples: "we were sad to hear about your difficulties", "She was shocked to learn the truth".
  • If neither of these guidelines applies, simply use the principle in Part I above.
    Does it describe a concrete action? Then use a gerund.
    Does it describe a general or potential action? Then use an infinitive.
    Examples: "As a painter, I truly love painting",
    "I love to paint. I wish I would paint more often".

Anyhow, whenever you are in doubt, you can always use a dictionary to help you out!Oxford Advanced Learner's dictionary is a really good one to use. It shows you whether the verb requires a gerund, and infinitive, or can take both. Just look at the data bellow the definition.

 

Practice Gerunds & Infinitives with these tests:


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 212


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