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State the semantic relations between the denominal verb and the noun it is derived from.

CONVERSION. COMPOSITION

EXERCISES

State which of the two words in the pairs is made by conversion.

1) Star (n) – to star (v), picture (n) – to picture (v), colour (n) – to colour (v), blush (n) – to blush (v), key (n) – to key (v), fool (n) – to fool (v), breakfast (n) – to breakfast (v), house (n) – to house (v), monkey (n) – to monkey (v), fork (n) – to fork (v), slice (n) – to slice (v).

 

2) Age (n) – to age (v), touch (n) – to touch (v), make (n) – to make (v), finger (n) – to finger (v) , empty (adj) – to empty (v), poor (adj) – the poor (n), pale (adj) – to pale (v), dry (adj) – to dry (v), nurse (n) – to nurse (v), dress (n) – to dress (v), floor (n) – to floor (v).

 

Find cases of conversion in the following sentences. State the variety of conversion.

1. The clerk was eyeing him expectantly. 2. Just a few yards from the front door of the bar there was an elderly woman comfortably seated on a chair, holding a hose linked to a tap and watering the pavement. 3. – What are you doing here? – I’m tidying your room. 4. Do you remember to milk the cows and give pigs their dinner? 5. Ten minutes later I was speeding along in the direction of Cape Town. 6. Restaurants in all large cities have their ups and downs. 7. Under the cover of that protective din he was able to toy with a steaming dish which his waiter had brought. 8. My seat was in the middle of a row. I could not leave without inconveniencing a great many people, so I remained. 9. An aggressive man battled his way to Stout’s side. 10. ‘A man could be very happy in a house like this if he didn’t have to poison his days with work,’ said Jimmy.

 

In the following sentences identify the part of speech of the italicized words they are derived from. Try to translate the sentences into Russian.

Model: The army’s actions dirtied its reputation.

The word dirty is a verb, which is derived from the adjective dirty.

 

1. Still water of the lake mirrors the trees. 2. Susan made a two-part documentary about the war in Georgia. 3. Local politicians were found to pocket the money of fund-raisers. 4. This video is a must for everyone. 5. The story was in all the dailies. 6. Will you holiday in Switzerland? 7. Mr Ford busied himself with plans for the future. 8. There is a great deal of difference between before and after. 9. I asked him to modem this information tomorrow. 10. It was a good buy. 11) I don’t like a chemistry practical. 12. His skin was weathered almost black by his long outdoor life. 13. The path is steep and dangerous in the wet. 14. I won’t join your plan. There are too many ifs and buts in it. 15. That fellow really whatevers me.

 

State the semantic relations between the denominal verb and the noun it is derived from.

Model:fool – to fool ‘to act in a joking, frivolous, or teasing way’

The semantic relation between the words making up conversion pair fool – to fool is ‘action characteristic of the object’.



 

1) stone – to stone ‘to throw stones at’ and ‘to remove the stone from (a piece of fruit); 2) eye – to eye ‘to watch carefully (with eyes)’; 3) breakfast – to breakfast ‘to have breakfast’; 4) land – to land ‘to put ashore’; ‘to come down through the air and alight on the ground’; 5) wolf – to wolf ‘to devour greedily’; 6) mushroom – to mushroom ‘to gather mushrooms’; 7) coat – to coat ‘to cover something with a coat’; 8) garage – to garage ‘to put / keep a vehicle in a garage’; 9) leather – to leather ‘to cover with leather’; 10) grill – to grill ‘to cook food using a grill’.

 

 


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 386


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