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· Ukrainian mass media, which include press, radio and television, are independent, and the stateguarantees their economic independence. There are more than 4,000 periodical editions in Ukraine now, and new radio and TV channels, newspapers and magazines appear practically every year.
· The role of mass media in our everyday life isenormous. Where do we get most of the news? From TV or radio news programmes, or from newspapers. What forms public opinion? Mass media. So they bear great responsibility and should always give truthful and unbiased information to their readers and viewers.
· In Ukraine there are several information agencies that supply the population of the country with the latest news. These agencies are: the «UKRINFORM» - «Ukrainian National Information Agency», the «UNIAR» - «The Ukrainian Independent Information Agency «Respublica», the UNIAN - the Ukrainian Independent News Agency Interfax- Ukraina» and some others. These agencies have reporters in every administrative region of our country and in all major foreign countries. They collect most interesting and important information for the readers of newspapers and magazines and for the TV viewers.
· There are newspapers and magazines for the readers of all ages and professions, with different interests, tastes and hobbies. For example, those who are interested in politics can read the newspapers «Day», «Today», «Facts», «Grany», «Kyivsky Vidomosty». In these newspapers the readers can also find information about home affairs, culture and sports. These publications deal with the burning problems of our present life and history, and at the same time there you can find amusing stories, crosswords and puzzles that can entertain you in your spare time. Enthusiastic sports fans of Ukraine like the newspapers «Sportyvna Gazeta» and «Komanda» (The Team»). There is a special newspaper for those who live in the country and are interested in farming - «Silske Zhutya» («The Rural Life»). Doctors, nurses and people who are interested in medicine prefer reading the «Medical Newspaper». There are also magazines for businessmen and businesswomen, for scientists and gardeners, etc. Those who like to learn about the new publications in literature can read the magazines «Dnipro» and «Vsesvit». Teachers have their own newspaper «Vchitelska Gazeta», and specialists of different subjects can buy journals in their special fields. Young people like to read the newspapers «Kosa», «Artmozaica», «Telenedelya» and others.
· Some people buy newspapers and magazines every day, others prefer to subscribe to them, and in this case these periodicals are delivered to their homes. Payment for a subscription to newspapers and magazines is accepted at every post-office.
· Ukrainian learners of English can find a lot of interesting information in the newspapers and magazines published in English - «Kyiv Post», «News from Ukraine», «Digest».
· Some magazines are published every month, and they are called monthlies; if they are published every 3 months, they are called quarterlies. Newspapers are usually published daily or weekly.
· Television and radio networks in Ukraine are divided into government-run companies and privateTV and radio companies. The State TV and Radio Company operates two channels and includes editorial services that specialize in political analysis, socio-political programmes, current information, youth and sports programmes. Private channels tend to broadcast music and news programmes, a lot of advertising and talk shows.
· Answer the following questions about your family and yourself.
The first official radio broadcast took place in Kiev on 1 February 1939, television in Ukraine was introduced in 1951. The most watched television channels in Ukraine are commercial Inter and 1+1. Network covers 99.7 percent of Ukraine's territory (according the channel's own information). Inter is among the top-rated networks in Ukraine, competing with such as1+1 media, StarLightMedia Group, which operates 6 TV channels, 5 Kanal and TVi. 5 Kanal, controlled by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, is the most popular news channel in Ukraine. Ukraine's First National publicly television corporation works closely and provides broadcasting for Euronews and Hromadske.TV, an Internet television station in Ukraine that started to operate on 22 November 2013. Aside from web portals and search engines, the most popular websites are Vk, YouTube, Wikipedia, Facebook, Livejournal, EX.UA and Odnoklassniki.