William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in the town of Strat-ford-upon-Avon. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove-maker and wool-dealer.
William went to the local free grammar school where he studied Latin. At the age of 18 Shakespeare married a local girl, Anne Hathaway.
We don't know exactly when Shakespeare went to London, maybe in 1584-1589. Probably his first play was "Titus Andronicus"( 1589/1590).
Shakespeare wrote history plays such as "Henry IV" and "Richard III", comedies such as "A Midsummer Night's Dream" and "A Comedy of Errors". Shakespeare's early tragedy is "Romeo and Juliet".
Between 1600 and 1608 Shakespeare wrote his four great tragedies, "Hamlet" "Othello" "Macbeth" and "King Lear". It is the summit of Shakespeare's art. "Hamlet" is probably the most popular, the best-known of all Shakespeare's plays. It is a very philosophical play. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, is a highly intelligent person.
Hamlet's soliloquy is very famous: "To be, or not to be; that is the question..."
Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603 and was succeeded by James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Stuart. James, who became James I of England and Scotland, was a lover of the theatre.
Shakespeare wrote a tragedy "Macbeth" in which action passes in Scotland. In 1606 Shakespeare was a very mature and successful playwright. He had become a wealthy man.
In "King Lear" we see evil defeated. "King Lear" is the greatest of all Shakespeare's tragedies.
The story of an old king of England and his three daughters was not invented by Shakespeare. Shakespeare hardly ever invented the plot of his plays.
Between 1608 and 1613, Shakespeare wrote five plays: "Pericles" "Cymbeline" "The Winter's Tale" "The Tempest" and "Henry VIII" In "The Tempest" Shakespeare says farewell to the theatre, to his friends.
On June 29, 1613, the Globe theatre was destroyed in a fire. For Shakespeare and his colleagues it must have been a terrible time. The Globe was the greatest theatre in England.
Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616.
He wrote 38 plays and many poems.
Write an annotation translation of the text
1. He's interested ___________ learning Spanish.
2. His office is on the second ___________ of the building.
3. When Simon ___________ back tonight, he'll cook dinner.
4. You should ______ your homework.
5. I'm afraid I'm not hungry. I've _______ eaten lunch.
6. _______ you ever ________ to Hollywood?
Did ... go
Have .... go
Have ... gone
7. Would you like to go __________ with me this afternoon?
8. We travelled to Paris __________ train.
9. I didn't like the film ? I thought it was very __________ .