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Определите основную идею текста.

  A mixed economy with the features of market and command economies allows the state and the private sector to interact in solving economic problems.

 

ЗАДАНИЕ N 2
Mixed economies
1. A mixed economy contains elements of both market and planned economies. At one extreme we have a command economy, which does not allow individuals to make economic decisions, at the other extreme we have a free market, where individuals exercise considerable economic freedom of choice without any government restrictions. Between these two extremes lies a mixed economy.
2. In mixed economies some resources are controlled by the government whilst others are used in response to the demands of consumers. Technically, all the economies of the world are mixed. Some countries are nearer to command economies, while others are closer to free market economies.
3. The aim of mixed economies is to avoid the disadvantages of both systems while enjoying the benefits that they both offer. So, in a mixed economy the government and the private sector interact in solving economic problems. The state controls the share of the output through taxation and transfer payments and intervenes to supply essential items such as health, education and defence, while private firms produce cars, furniture, electrical items and similar, less essential products.
4. The UK is a country with mixed economy. Some services are provided by the state (for example, health care and defence) whilst a range of privately owned businesses offer other goods and services.



Определите, какое утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.

 

  In Great Britain health care is supported by the government.

ЗАДАНИЕ N 3

Mixed economies
1. A mixed economy contains elements of both market and planned economies. At one extreme we have a command economy, which does not allow individuals to make economic decisions, at the other extreme we have a free market, where individuals exercise considerable economic freedom of choice without any government restrictions. Between these two extremes lies a mixed economy.
2. In mixed economies some resources are controlled by the government whilst others are used in response to the demands of consumers. Technically, all the economies of the world are mixed. Some countries are nearer to command economies, while others are closer to free market economies.
3. The aim of mixed economies is to avoid the disadvantages of both systems while enjoying the benefits that they both offer. So, in a mixed economy the government and the private sector interact in solving economic problems. The state controls the share of the output through taxation and transfer payments and intervenes to supply essential items such as health, education and defence, while private firms produce cars, furniture, electrical items and similar, less essential products.
4. The UK is a country with mixed economy. Some services are provided by the state (for example, health care and defence) whilst a range of privately owned businesses offer other goods and services.



Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.
Inmixedeconomiesthegovernment …

 

  controls resources, taxation, public health and defence

ЗАДАНИЕ N 4
Mixed economies
1. A mixed economy contains elements of both market and planned economies. At one extreme we have a command economy, which does not allow individuals to make economic decisions, at the other extreme we have a free market, where individuals exercise considerable economic freedom of choice without any government restrictions. Between these two extremes lies a mixed economy.
2. In mixed economies some resources are controlled by the government whilst others are used in response to the demands of consumers. Technically, all the economies of the world are mixed. Some countries are nearer to command economies, while others are closer to free market economies.
3. The aim of mixed economies is to avoid the disadvantages of both systems while enjoying the benefits that they both offer. So, in a mixed economy the government and the private sector interact in solving economic problems. The state controls the share of the output through taxation and transfer payments and intervenes to supply essential items such as health, education and defence, while private firms produce cars, furniture, electrical items and similar, less essential products.
4. The UK is a country with mixed economy. Some services are provided by the state (for example, health care and defence) whilst a range of privately owned businesses offer other goods and services.



Ответьтенавопрос:
What is the purpose of a mixed economy?

 

  Its purpose is to avoid the disadvantages of market and planned economies and to use the advantages these economies both have.

 

ЗАДАНИЕ N 5
Our income is low so we're going to have to _______ budgets in every single department.

 

  reduce

 

ЗАДАНИЕ N 6
I passed the exam, but I am still waiting to get my …

 

  certificate

 

ЗАДАНИЕ N 7
The desire of customers for goods or services which they want to buy or use is a …

 

  demand

ЗАДАНИЕ N 8
The ______ of the loan is spread over 25 years.

 

  repayment

ЗАДАНИЕ N 9
Перед Вами конверт:

 

  the house number in the return address
  the town the letter comes from
  theaddressee
  the street name in the mailing address
  the town in the mailing address
  the country in the mailing address

 


Date: 2015-12-17; view: 454


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