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Word order (2)--adverbs with the verb

B. Place and time

Usually the verb and the place (where?) go together: go home, live in a city, walk to work etc.

If the verb has an object, the place comes after the verb + object: take somebody home, meet a friend in the street

Time (when?/how often?/how long?) normally goes after place: Tom walks to work every morning. (not 'Tom walks every morning to work') She has been in Canada since April. We arrived at the airport early.

Study these examples. Notice how time goes after place:

* I'm going to Paris on Monday. (not 'I'm going on Monday to Paris')

* They have lived in the same house for a long time. * Don't be late. Make sure you're here by 8 o'clock.

* Sarah gave me a lift home after the party. * You really shouldn't go to bed so early.

It is often possible to put time at the beginning of the sentence:

* On Monday I'm going to Paris. * Every morning Tom walks to work.

EXERCISES:

1 Is the word order right or wrong? Correct the ones that are wrong.

1. Everybody enjoyed the party very much. _______________________________________________

2. Tom walks every morning to work. _______________________________________________

3. Jim doesn't like very much football. _______________________________________________

4. I drink three or four cups of coffee every morning. ___________________________________________

5. I ate quickly my dinner and went out. _______________________________________________

6. Are you going to invite to the party a lot of people? _____________________________________________

7. I phoned Tom immediately after hearing the news. _____________________________________________

8. Did you go late to bed last night? _______________________________________________

9. Sue was here five minutes ago. Where is she now? _____________________________________________

10. Did you learn a lot of things at school today? _______________________________________________

11. I met on my way home a friend of mine. _______________________________________________

12. I fell yesterday off my bicycle. _______________________________________________

Put the parts of the sentence in the right order.

1. (the party/very much/everybody enjoyed) _______________________________________________

2. (we won/easily/the game) _______________________________________________

3. (quietly/the door /I closed) _______________________________________________

4. (Diane/quite well /speaks/German). _______________________________________________

5. (Tim/all the time television/watches). _______________________________________________

6. (again/please don't ask/that question). _______________________________________________

7. (football/every weekend/does Ken play?) . _______________________________________________

8. (some money/I borrowed/from a friend of mine). _______________________________________________

Complete the sentences. Put the parts in the right order.

1. (for a long time/have lived /in the same house) They ____________________________________________



. 2. (to the bank every Friday /go) I _______________________________________________

3. (home/did you come/so late) Why _______________________________________________

4. (her car/ drives /everyday /to work) Ann _______________________________________________

5. (been/recently/to the cinema) I haven't _______________________________________________

6. (at the top of the page/your name/write) Please ______________________________________________

7. (her name/after a few minutes/remembered) I ______________________________________________

8. (around the town/all morning/walked) We_______________________________________________

9. (on Saturday night/didn't see you/at the party) I _____________________________________________

10. (some interesting books/found/in the library) We ___________________________________________

11. (the children/yesterday/to the zoo/took) Sally._____________________________________________

12. (opposite the park/a new hotel/are building) They ___________________________________________

Word order (2)--adverbs with the verb

A. Some adverbs (for example, always, also, probably) go with the verb in the middle of a sentence:

* Tom always goes to work by car. * We were feeling very tired and we were also hungry.

* Your car has probably been stolen.

B. Study these rules for the position of adverbs in the middle of a sentence. (They are only general rules, so there are exceptions.)

i) If the verb is one word(goes/fell/cooked etc.),the adverb usually goes before the verb:

Tom always(adverb) goes(verb) to work by car. I almost(adverb) fell(verb) as I was going down the stairs.

* I cleaned the house and also cooked the dinner. (not 'cooked also')

* Lucy hardly ever watches television and rarely reads newspapers.

Note that these adverbs (always/often/also etc.) go before have to:

* Jim never phones me. I always have to phone him. (not 'I have always to phone')

ii) But adverbs go after am/is/are/was/were:

* We were feeling very tired and we were also hungry. * Why are you always late? You're never on time.

* The traffic isn't usually as bad as it was this morning.

iii) If the verb is two or more words (can remember/doesn't smoke/has been stolen etc.), the adverb goes after the first verb (can/doesn't/has etc.):

I can(verb 1) never(adverb) remember(verb 2) his name. Ann doesn't(verb 1) usually(adverb) smoke.(verb 2)

Are you (verb 1) definitely (adverb) going(verb 2) to the party tomorrow? Your car has (verb 1) probably (adverb) been (verb 2) stolen.

* My parents have always lived in London. * Jack can't cook. He can't even boil an egg.

* The house was only built a year ago and it's already falling down.

Note that probably goes before the negative. So we say:

* I probably won't see you. or I will probably not see you. (but not 'I won't probably.')

C. We also use all and both in these positions:

* We all felt ill after the meal. (not 'we felt all ill') * My parents are both teachers. (not 'my parents both are teachers')

* Sarah and Jane have both applied for the job. * We are all going out this evening.

D. Sometimes we use is/will/did etc. instead of repeating part of a sentence. Note the position of always/never etc. in these sentences. We normally put always/never etc. before the verb in sentences like these:

* He always says he won't be late but he always is. (= he is always late)

* I've never done it and I never will. (= I will never do it)

EXERCISES:

1 Are the underline words in the right position or not? Correct the sentences that are wrong.

1. Tom goes always to work by car. _______________________________________________

2. I cleaned the house and also cooked the dinner. _______________________________________________

3. I have usually a shower when I get up. _______________________________________________

4. We soon found the solution to the problem. _______________________________________________

5. Steve gets hardly ever angry. _______________________________________________

6. I did some shopping and I went also to the bank. _______________________________________________

7. Jane has always to hurry in the morning because she gets up so late. _______________________________

8. We all were tired so we all fell asleep. _______________________________________________

9. She always says she'll phone me but she never does. ___________________________________________


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 567


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The emphatic and communicative functions of word order | Phase I: The Classical Gold Standard, 18151914
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