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Paraphrase the following sentences replacing the subordinate clauses by the Subjective Infinitive Complex.

Paraphrase the following sentences replacing the Subjective Infinitive Complex by

Subordinate clauses

Model:Oil is known to be lighter than water. - It is known that oil is lighter than water.

a) 1. She is said to be a good lecturer. 2. The students are expected to know these physical laws. 3. The research is believed to be completed next month. 4. He was said to be working on some new problem. 5. This rule is seen to be followed in many examples. 6. Hydrogen is known to be the lightest of the elements. 8. The research group is believed to complete the work next month. 9. The group is believed to complete the research next year. 10. These elements are known to have been found recently. 11. Our graduates are supposed to work at many different chemical enterprises of the country. 12. Our Institute is considered to be the best in the town. 13. This student is known to translate special articles on ecology. 14. All the details of the plan are supposed to have been explained to you. 15. The lecture was said to be interesting.

b) 1. He proved to be an experienced ecologist. 2. He seems to have worked at Georgetown University in Washington according to the Program of the Ukrainian-American scientific exchange. 3. This engineer appears to have presented some interesting idea. 4. They seem to have some difficulties in making the experiment. 5. She seems to know the problem well. 6. He appears to be much interested in the subject. 7. The man appears to know practically all European languages. 8. He happened to be there when the first geological expedition arrived. 9. He proved to be a brilliant student. 10. I happened to be out when he rang me up.

c) 1. We are sure to take part in this research. 2. The conference is certain to be held in October. 3. She is certain to win the contest. 4. He is unlikely to come back so early. 5.The application of this device in our experiment is certain to give better results. 6. This is unlikely to be achieved. 7. The weather is likely to change.

 

Paraphrase the following sentences replacing the subordinate clauses by the Subjective Infinitive Complex.

Model:It is believed that nature uses carbon dioxide as its primary carbon source. – Nature is believed to use carbon dioxide as its primary carbon source.

1. It is believed that the atmosphere, oceans, earth, and biosphere are strongly coupled through the chemical process that takes place in each region. 2. It is believed that the quality of human life has been greatly influenced by man-made organic compounds. 3. It is believed that the development of plastics and synthetic fibres has allowed us to improve nature and also to conserve valuable resources. 4. It is known that proteins are synthesized from amino acids in the cells of plants and animals. 5. It was expected that the conference on pollution problems would take place in London.

 

7. Translate into Ukrainian the following sentences with the Subjective Infinitive Complex:



1. These elements are known to have been found twenty years ago. 2. The group is believed to complete the research next month. 3. A very few compounds of the inert gases appeared to have been reported at that time. 4. Radon was found to be the heaviest of the inert gases. 5. Absolutely dry chlorine does not seem to attack metals. 6. These elements are known to have been found recently. 7. Slight amounts of helium proved to be present in the earth’s atmosphere. 8. Carbon disulphide proves to be the best solvent for phosphorus. 9. The early chemists appear to have learned arrange certain substances into two groups according to the properties those substances possess.10. Potassium permanganate proves to be a very good oxidizing agent for preparing chlorine. 11. Plants have been found to have their catalysts, called enzymes. 12.Most biochemical reactions are known to be organic. 13. Much atmospheric ozone seems to be formed by the action of solar ultraviolet light in the upper regions of the atmosphere. 14. Plants are considered to require nitrogen in the form of nitrates. 15. All the tissues of the animal organism are known to contain nitrogen in the form of proteins. 16. Animal and plant life is said to contain a wide variety of organic and inorganic compounds. 17. Helium is known to have been discovered in 1868 in the atmosphere of the sun, where it is an important constituent.

 

 


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 414


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TASK 2. Rewrite the sentences using the correct form of participles or gerund. Follow the example. | INNI POECI MŁODEJ POLSKI
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