Effective passenger and baggage control is necessary to collect proper duty and to prevent smuggling. Baggage is checked for concealment by X-ray or opening it.
Cargo shipments are to be inspected for duty collection and anti-smuggling purposes. Various inspectional techniques and devices can help release merchandise quicker, with less damage and also result in increased seizures of prohibited items.
Free trade zones
In order to encourage the development of the country and to promote its foreign trade free trade zones are usually set up. “A free zone” is a part of the territory which is regarded as being outside the Customs territory, and goods introduced into this part of the territory are not subject to the usual Customs control. Relief from import duties and taxes in respect of these goods is granted. The Customs carries out certain control within the free zone to ensure that the operations are in accordance with the Customs regulations.
Importers usually have to pay duties to the government when they import goods. They declare goods and customs officials collect duties. When the importer doesn’t pay the duty immediately, the goods are stored in a bonded warehouse. The importer has to pay storage charges (cost of keeping the goods in the warehouse). The goods cannot be taken out of the warehouse until the importer pays the duties.
Use of dogs specially trained to smell drugs helps expedite customs examination process with less damage than some more traditional methods of inspection may cause.
Smuggling information collection
Collection and analysis of various information on smuggling results in better understanding of smuggling trends and the modus operandi of individuals or organizations breaking customs laws.
Investigation of customs violations is performed to target the more sophisticated violators of customs laws and regulations. The full range of customs violations can be investigated: the smuggling of merchandise, narcotics, arms and ammunition as well as commercial fraud, currency violations and money laundering, internal corruption, infringement of trademark and intellectual property rights (IPR) etc.
Laboratory analyses are to be performed in order to classify merchandise and collect the correct amount of duty. The new Harmonized System of classification is much more dependent on laboratory analysis than most prior classification systems.
Brokers must pass an examination and obtain a license from the Customs central administration to do business. Brokers are to consult customs to determine the proper rate of duty or basis for appraisement. Brokers are required to maintain strict confidence about business and transactions.
Date: 2015-12-11; view: 542