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Affirmative Agreement

When indicating that one person or thing does something and then adding that another does the same, use the word so or too. To avoid needless repetition of words from the affirmative statement, use the conjunction and, followed by a simple statement using so or too. The order of this statement will depend on whether so or too is used.

(1) When a form of the verb be is used in the main clause, the same tense of the verb be is used in the simple statement that follows.

affirmative statement (be) + and + subject + verb (be) + too / so + verb (be) + subject

 

I am happy, and you are too.

I am happy, and so areyou.

 



(2) When a compound verb (auxiliary + verb), for example, will go, should do. has done, have written, must examine, etc., occurs in the main clause, the auxiliary of the main verb is used in the simple statement, and the subject and verb must agree.

affirmative statement + and + subject + auxiliary only + too / so + auxiliary only + subject
(compound verb)

 

They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too.

They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so willyou.

 



(3) When any verb except be appears without any auxiliaries in the main clause, the auxiliary do, does, or did is used in the simple statement. The subject and verb must agree and the tense must be the same.

affirmative statement + and + subject +do, does, did + too / so + do, does, did + subject
(single verb except be)

 

Jane goes to that school, and my sister does too.

Jane goes to that school, and so does my sister.

 



Additional examples:

John went to the mountains on his vacation, and we did too.

John went to the mountains on his vacation, and so did we.

I will be in New Mexico in August, and they will too.

I will be in New Mexico in August, and so will they.

He has seen her plays, and the girls have too.

He has seen her plays, and so have the girls.

We are going to the movies tonight, and Suzy is too.

We are going to the movies tonight, and so is Suzy.

She will wear a costume to the party, and we will too.

She will wear a costume to the party, and so will we.

Velazquez was a famous painter, and Rubens was too.

Velazquez was a famous painter, and so was Rubens.

Exercise 18: Affirmative Agreement

Supply the correct form of the verb for the simple statement in each of the following sentences.

 



1. Rose likes to fly, and her brother__ too.

2. They will leave at noon, and I_ too.

3. He has an early appointment, and so_ I.

4. She has already written her composition, and so_____ her friends.

5. Their plane is arriving at nine o'clock, and so_ mine.

6. I should go grocery shopping this afternoon, and so _ my neighbor.

7. We like to swim in the pool, and they_ too.

8. Our Spanish teacher loves to travel, and so_ we.

9. He has lived in Mexico for five years, and you ________ too.

10.I must write them a letter, and she___ too.

 



Negative Agreement

Either and neither function in simple statements much like so and too in affirmative sentences. However, either and neither are used to indicate negative agreement. The same rules for auxiliaries, be and do, does, or did apply.

negative statement + and + subject + negative auxiliary or be +either /neither +positive auxiliary or be + subject

I didn't see Mary this morning. John didn't see Mary this morning.

1 didn't see Mary this morning, and John didn't either.

I didn't see Mary this morning, and neither did John.

She won't be going to the conference. Her colleagues won't be going to the conference.

She won't be going to the conference, and her colleagues won't either.

She won't be going to the conference, and neither will her colleagues.

John hasn't seen the new movie yet. I haven't seen the new movie yet.

John hasn't seen the new movie yet, and I haven't either.

John hasn't seen the new movie yet, and neither have I.

 




Date: 2015-12-11; view: 715


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