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Used to (finished actions)

11. Get/be used to (changing situations)

Will do (future)

Going to (planned future)

Had done (past perfect)

15. a/some (articles, quantities)

16. Some/any (quantities)

17. Much/many/a lot (quantities)

18. Can/could (ability/permission)

19. Must/have to (obligation/prohibition)

20. Big/small/beautiful (adjectives)

21. Big/bigger/biggest (comparatives and superlatives)

Should (advice, recommendations)

23. I/me/my/mine (pronouns, possessive adjectives)

24. What/when/where (questions 1)

25. How much/many (questions 2)

26. On/it/at (time prepositions)

27. What would you do? (conditionals)


 



 


Unit 1

I am (I知)

 

 

I知 John

I知 American


 


I知 thirty-five


 

 


I知 a salesman

 

 

I知 interested in politics

 

I知 single

 

 

Thisis John. Hes American, he thirty-five, he a

salesman.


 


Positive

I am (I知)

You are (you池e)

He is (he痴)

She is (she痴)

We are (we池e)

They are (they池e)


Negative

I am not (I知 not)

You are not (you池e not)

He is not (he痴 not)

She is not (she痴 not)

We are not (we池e not)

They are not (they池e

Not)


 



 


You are àare you?

 

 

To make questions, change the verb and the subject:

 

Positive Question

He is French Is he French?

 

You are late Are you late?

 

They are nurses Are they nurses?

 

 

Am/is/are are the present forms of the verb to be. We call

this verb a 壮tate verb.

 

State

 

• Age: I am thirty

• Nationality: I am French

• Status: I am single/married/divorced

• Profession: I am a teacher/secretary/manager

• Physical state: I am tired/hungry/cold

• Emotional state: I am happy/sad/excited

 

Tip

Make a mind map about your life, using 選 am.


 


We池e hungry !


 

 



 


Unit 2

I am doing


 

 


He is reading a book They are running The sun is shining

 

The verb 奏o be can be used as an auxiliary verb before

other verbs. The verb that follows always has the ending -

ing.

 

奏o be represents a present state, so when it痴 followed by

a verb (-ing) it refers toa present activity.

 

I知 a teacher, but I知 not teaching now, I知

preparing a lesson

 

Susan is wearing a pretty dress today

 

Take an umbrella, it痴 raining


 

 



 

 


Spelling

 

Note the following spelling changes:

 

write à writing run à running

 

come à coming swim à swimming

 

dance à dancing sit à sitting

 

lie à lying




 

 


Negative

 

Place 創ot after the auxiliary:

 

I知 not sleeping

 

They池e not working -or - they aren稚 working

 

She痴 not reading -or - she isn稚 reading

 

Questions

 

Change the order of words:

 

Are you sleeping?

 

Is he playing?


 

 



 


Unit 3

I like/do/go

 

The Present Simple


 

 


Positive

 

I like

You like

He likes

She likes

We like

They like


Negative

 

I don稚 like

You don稚 like

He doesn稚 like

She doesn稚 like

We don稚 like

They don稚 like


 

 


The present simple is used for things in general, and things

that happen sometimes or always:

 

The sun rises in the east

 

I work from nine till five

 

I like chocolate

 

I go to the cinema on Saturdays

 

To indicate frequency, we use these adverbs:

 

always usually often sometimes

never

 

100%

0%

 


 

 


I always go shopping on Fridays

 

I usually have coffee with my breakfast, but

sometimes I have tea

 

I never watch American movies

 

I often buy a newspaper on my way to work


 


Present simple spelling

 

Note the following spelling changes:

 

I watch à she watches

I kiss à he kisses

I wash à she washes

I judges à he judges

 

I study à she studies

I try à he tries

 

I do à she does

I go à he goes


 



 

 


Present simple questions

 

We use the verb 租o as an auxiliary when we ask

questions:

 

Do you read a lot?

 

Do they live here?

 

Does she like her job?

 

 

Do you always arrive early?

 

What do you usually do in your free time?


 



 


Unit 4

have/have got

 

She has blue eyes and black hair

 

=

 

She痴 got blue eyes and black hair

(has got)

 

 

For possession, have and have got arethe same

 

I致e got a cold and a high

temperature


 



Date: 2015-12-11; view: 188


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