No computer can function without some form of software.
Let's compare it with another one:
Not many computers can be found in small towns and villages.
Both sentences are all right, but can you explain why in the first statement is used ęnoĽ and in the second ęnotĽ. Do you feelthat it is correct or do you understandthat it is correct? Check yourself. Fill the gaps choosing between noand not.
1. I have .... friends in this town.
2. I have .... time to go to the party. I must hit the books.
3. Are you going to study English? .... right away.
4. I have .... memory for names.
5. I do .... have memory for names.
6. It is .... a Pentium.
7. It is .... Pentium 4; it's a Pentium 3.
8. I used to think that there was .... difference between NO and NOT.
9. I have .... answer to this question.
10. I have .... the slightest idea of that.
11. I'm .... the person you're looking for.
12. I have .... idea.
13. It's of.... interest to me.
14. You have .... chance to work with this company.
15. You have .... the slightest chance to work with this company.
16. There's .... a chance for you to work with this company.
17. There's .... pen on the table.
18. May I borrow your pen, please? Sorry, I have .... pen. It is .... a pen. It's a pencil.
19. There are .... people in the street at night.
20. There's .... a person in the street at night.
21. I do .... need your advice. I'll solve the problem on my own.
22. I said I need .... advice. 23 news is good news.
24. There is .... possibility that we'll get there in two hours.
25. It is .... possible that we'll get there in two hours.
Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.
2. Identification of words.
Match the words from the list below with their definitions. You may help yourself looking up the dictionary at the end of this book,
close likeness or agreement join to
ready to be used
used in everyday speech but not in formal writing or speaking to be similar (to), match belonging to the present time a substance used in medicine to treat illness make sure
eat out by acid, light etc carry out
far from the ordinary or usual, very great fault, imperfection easily bent to predict
not able to be avoided not heavy to do, to act a hole
19.............. ............ to regulate
20.............. ............ happening at the same time
21.............. ............ child of an earlier marriage of one's father
22.............. ............ put aside for future
23.............. ............ a set piece of work to be done
24.............. ............ closely
25.............. ............ make, be, or become different
2. Useful expressions
Words are loaded pistols. Jean-Paid Sartre
Make up sentences using the italicized expressions from the list below:
to be distributed on a medium to be written on a certain substance
to be in current use to be used at present time
to be widely spread to become widely known, distributed
to carry out to perform
needles to say it's not necessary to say
present day now
to run information to control information
to switch off to turn off
to switch on to turn on
3. Reading comprehension
Read the text, try to understand the topic and put the items in the right order. Take it into account that the first one is in the right position.
1. A virus is a program that will seek to duplicate itself in memory and on discs, but in a subtle way that will not immediately be noticed.
2. Note also that different platforms have different general le≠vels of resistance, Unix machines are almost immune, Win '95/'98/Me is quite vulnerable, and most others lie somewhere in between.
3. Therefore a computer on the same network as an infected computer or that uses an infected disc (floppy or CD) or that downloads and runs an infected program can itself become infected.
4. For example, on a network consisting of a WinTel box, a Mac, and a Linux box, if one machine acquires a virus the other two will probably still be safe.
5. A virus can only spread to computers of the same plat≠form.
4. Computer terms in use
A. Match the terms in the left-hand column with their defini≠tions in the right-hand column, E.G. 1-3,
1. digital computer
1. a device that executes individual program instructions and controls the operations of other parts of the computer
2. a hard disc on which data are stored in the form of etched pits
3. a program that controls a peripheral device
4. a device, which manipulates information coded as binary numbers
5. driver program
5. visual display terminal
7. the mechanical, electrical and electronic components of a computer system
8. floppy disc
8. a device for copying texts and pictures
9. CD ROM
9. a flexible disc, a storage device on which data are recorded magnetically
10. a software error or flaw
11. debugging program
12. a permanent type of memory storage for important data that does not change
13. short-term memory
14. a collection of programs
Taking Computer for Granted
B. Find out Russian equivalents of the computer tenns given below. If it is beyond your grasp, give at least Russian explanation.