UNIT 125 To/at/in/into
A. We say go/come/travel (etc.) to a place or event. For example:
go to America, go to bed, take (somebody) to hospital, return to Italy, go to the bank, come to my house, drive to the airport, go to a concert, be sent to prison
* When are your friends returning to Italy? (not 'returning in Italy')
* After the accident three people were taken to hospital.
In the same way we say: on my way to./a journey to./a trip to. welcome to. etc.:
* Welcome to our country! (not 'welcome in')
Compare to (for movement) and in/at (for position):
* They are going to France. but They live in France.
* Can you come to the party? but I'll see you at the party.
B. Been to
We usually say 'I've been to a place':
* I've been to Italy four times but I've never been to Rome.
* Ann has never been to a football match in her life.
* Jack has got some money. He has just been to the bank.
C. Get and arrive
We say 'get to a place':
* What time did they get to London/get to work/get to the party?
But we say 'arrive in ...' or 'arrive at ...' (not 'arrive to').
We say 'arrive in a country or town/city':
* When did they arrive in Britain/arrive in London?
For other places (buildings etc.) or events, we say 'arrive at':
* What time did they arrive at the hotel/arrive at the party/arrive at work?
We do not say 'to home'. We say go home/come home/get home/arrive home/on the way home etc. (no preposition):
* I'm tired. Let's go home. (not 'go to home')
* I met Caroline on my way home.
But we say 'be at home', 'stay at home', 'do something at home' etc. See Units 73C and 124A.
'Go into ...', 'get into...' etc. = 'enter' (a room/a building/a car etc.):
* She got into the car and drove away.
* A bird flew into the kitchen through the window.
We sometimes use in (instead of into):
* Don't wait outside. Come in the house. (or Come into the house.)
Note that we say 'enter a building/enter a room' etc. (not 'enter into')
The opposite of into is out of:
* She got out of the car and went into a shop.
Note that we usually say 'get on/off a bus/a train/a plane':
* She got on the bus and I never saw her again.
EXERCISES 125.1 Put in to/at/in/into where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).
1. Three people were taken _to_ hospital after the accident.
2. I met Caroline on my way (-) home. (no preposition)
3. We left our luggage --- the station and went to find something to eat.
4. Shall we take a taxi--- the station or shall we walk?
5. I must go --- the bank today to change some money.
6. The river Rhine flows --- the North Sea.
7. I'm tired. As soon as I get --- home, I'm going bed.
8. 'Have you got your camera?' 'No, I left it --- home.'
9. Marcel is French. He has just returned --- France after two years --- Brazil.
10. Are you going --- Linda's party next week?
11. Carl was born --- Chicago but his family moved --- New York when he was three. He still lives --- New York.
12. Have you ever been --- China?
13. I had lost my key but I managed to climb --- the house through a window.
14. We got stuck in a traffic jam on our way --- the airport.
15. We had lunch --- the airport while we were waiting for our plane.
16. Welcome --- the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.
17. What do you say to someone visiting your town or country? Welcome ---!
125.2 Have you been to these places? If so, how many times? Choose three of the places and write a sentence using been to.
Athens Australia Ireland London Paris Rome Sweden the United States
1. (example answers) _I've never been to Australia./I've been to Australia three times._
125.3 Put in to/at/in where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).
1. What time does this train get _to_ London?
2. What time does this train arrive --- London?
3. What time did you get --- home last night?
4. What time do you usually arrive --- work in the morning?
5. When we got --- the cinema, there was a long queue outside.
6. I arrived --- home feeling very tired.
125.4 Write sentences using got into/out of/on/off.
1. You were walking home. A friend passed you in her car. She saw you, stopped and offered you a lift. She opened the door. What did you do? _I got into the car._
2. You were waiting for the bus. At last your bus came. The doors opened. What did you do then? I ---.
3. You drove home in your car. You arrived at your house and parked the car. What did you do then? ---.
4. You were travelling by train to Manchester. When the train got to Manchester, what did you do? ---.
5. You needed a taxi. After a few minutes a taxi stopped for you. You opened the door. What did you do then? ---.
6. You were travelling by air. At the end of your flight the plane landed at the airport and stopped. The doors were opened, you took your bag and stood up. What did you do then? ---.
UNIT 126 On/in/at (other uses)
A. On holiday etc.
(be/go) on holiday/on business/on a trip/on a tour/on a cruise etc.:
* Tom's away at the moment. He's on holiday in France. (not' in holiday')
* Did you go to Germany on business or on holiday?
* One day I'd like to go on a world tour.
Note that you can also say: 'go to a place for a holiday/for my holiday(s)':
* Tom has gone to France for a holiday. (not 'for holiday')
* Where are you going for your holidays next summer?
B. Other expressions with on
on television/on the radio:
* I didn't watch the news on television, but I heard it on the radio. on the phone/telephone:
* You can't phone me. I'm not on the phone. (= I haven't got a phone.)
* I've never met her but I've spoken to her on the phone.
(be/go) on strike/on a diet:
* There are no trains today. The railway workers are on strike.
* I've put on a lot of weight. I'll have to go on a diet.
(be) on fire:
* Look! That car is on fire!
on the whole (= in general):
* Sometimes I have problems at work but on the whole I enjoy my job.
on purpose (= intentionally):
* I'm sorry. I didn't mean to annoy you. I didn't do it on purpose.
But: by mistake/by chance/by accident (see Unit 127).
C. Expressions with in
in the rain/in the sun (=sunshine)/in the shade/in the dark in bad weather etc.:
* We sat in the shade. It was too hot to sit in the sun.
* Don't go out in the rain. Wait until it stops.
(write) in ink/in biro/in pencil:
* When you do the exam, you're not allowed to write in pencil.
Also: in words, in figures, in BLOCK LETTERS etc.:
* Please fill in the form in block letters.
(pay) in cash:
* I paid the bill in cash. but I paid by cheque by credit card (see Unit 127).
(be/fall) in love (with somebody):
* Have you ever been in love with anybody?
in (my) opinion:
* In my opinion, the film wasn't very good.
D. At the age of... etc.
We say: at the age of .../at a speed of .../at a temperature of ... etc. For example:
* Jill left school at 16. or ... at the age of 16.
* The train was travelling at 120 miles an hour. or ... at a speed of 120 miles an hour.
* Water boils at 100 degrees celsius.
126.1 Complete the sentences using on + one of the following:
business strike a tour the whole television fire holiday a diet the phone purpose
1. Look! That car is _free!_ Somebody call the fire brigade.
2. It's difficult to contact Sarah because she's not ---.
3. Workers at the factory have gone --- for better pay and conditions.
4. Soon after we arrived, we were taken --- of the city.
5. A: I'm going --- next week.
B: Are you? Where are you going? Somewhere nice?
6. I feel lazy this evening. Is there anything worth watching ---?
7. I'm sorry. It was an accident. I didn't do it ---.
8. George has put on a lot of weight recently. I think he should go ---.
9. Jane's job involves a lot of travelling. She often has to go away ---.
10. A: How did your exams go?
B: Well, there were some difficult questions but --- they were OK.
126.2 Complete the sentences using in + one of the following:
block letters cash my opinion the shade cold weather love pencil
1. He likes to keep warm, so he doesn't go out much ---.
2. Diane never uses a pen. She always writes ---.
3. They fell --- with each other almost immediately and were married in a few weeks.
4. Please write your address clearly, preferably ---.
5. I don't like the sun. I prefer to sit ---.
6. Ann thought the restaurant was OK, but --- it wasn't very good.
7. I hardly ever use a credit card or cheques. I prefer to pay for things ---.
126.3 Put in the correct preposition: on, in, at, or for.
1. Water boils _at_ 100 degrees celsius.
2. When I was 14, I went --- a trip to France organised by my school.
3. I wouldn't like his job. He spends most of his time talking --- the phone.
4. Julia's grandmother died recently --- the age of 79.
5. Can you turn the light on, please? I don't want to sit --- the dark.
6. We didn't go --- holiday last year. We stayed at home.
7. I'm going to Scotland --- a short holiday next month.
8. I won't be here next week. I'll be --- holiday.
9. He got married --- 17, which is rather young to get married.
10. There was an interesting programme --- the radio this morning.
11. my opinion, violent films should not be shown --- television.
12. I wouldn't like to go --- a cruise. I think I'd get bored.
13. I mustn't eat too much. I'm supposed to be --- a diet.
14. In Britain, children start school --- the age of five.
15. There was panic when people realized that the building was --- fire.
16. The Earth travels round the Sun --- a speed of 107,000 kilometres an hour.
17. 'Did you enjoy your holiday?' 'Not every minute, but --- the whole, yes.'
18. When you write a cheque, you have to write the amount --- words and figures.
UNIT 127 By
We use by in a number of different ways:
A. We use by. in many expressions to say bow we do something. For example, you can:
send something by post, do something by hand, pay by cheque/by credit card (but pay in cash)
or something can happen by mistake/by accident/by chance (but do something on purpose):
* Did you pay by cheque or in cash?
* We hadn't arranged to meet. We met by chance.
In these expressions we use by + noun without 'a' or 'the'. We say by chance/by cheque etc. (not 'by a chance/by a cheque').
B. In the same way we use by. to say how somebody travels:
by car/by train/by plane/by boat/by ship/by bus/by bicycle etc.
and by road/by rail/by air/by sea/by underground
* Liz usually goes to work by bus.
* Do you prefer to travel by air or by train?
But we say 'on foot':
* Did you come here by car or on foot?
You cannot use by if you say 'my car'/'the train' 'a taxi' etc. We use by + noun without ,a/the/my' etc. We say:
by car but in my car (not 'by my car')
by train but on the train (not 'by the train')
We use in for cars and taxis:
* They didn't come in their car. They came in a taxi.
We use on for bicycles and public transport (buses, trains etc.):
* We travelled on the 6.45 train.
C. We say 'something is done by somebody/something' (passive-see Units 41-43):
* Have you ever been bitten by a dog?
* The programme was watched by millions of people.
Compare by and with:
* The door must have been opened with a key. (not 'by a key') (= somebody used a key to open it)
* The door must have been opened by somebody with a key.
We say 'a play by Shakespeare', 'a painting by Rembrandt', 'a novel by Tolstoy' etc.
* Have you read any books by Agatha Christie?
D. By also means next to/beside:
* Come and sit by me. (= beside me)
* 'Where's the light switch?' 'By the door.'
E. Note the following use of by ...:
* Clare's salary has just gone up from 1,000 pounds a month to 1,100 pounds. So it has increased by 100 pounds/by ten per cent.
* John and Roger had a race over 100 metres. Roger won by about five metres.
127.1 Complete the sentences using by + one of the following:
chance chance cheque hand ,mistake satellite
1. We hadn't arranged to meet. We met _by chance._
2. I didn't intend to take your umbrella. I took it ---.
3. I didn't put the pullover in the washing machine. I washed it ---.
4, If you haven't got any cash, you can pay ---.
5. The two cities were connected --- for a television programme.
6. I never suspected anything. It was only --- that I found out what had happened.
127.2 Put in by, in or on.
1. Liz usually goes to work _by_ bus.
2. I saw Jane this morning. She was --- the bus.
3. How did you get here? Did you come --- train?
4. How did you get here? Did you come --- the train?
5. I decided not to go --- car. I went --- my bike instead.
6. I didn't feel like walking home, so I came home --- a taxi.
7. Sorry we're late. We missed the bus, so we had to come --- foot.
8. How long does it take to cross the Atlantic --- sea?
127.3 Write three sentences like the examples. Write about a book, a song, a painting, a film etc.
1. _'War and Peace' is a book by Tolstoy._
2. _'Romeo and Juliet' is a play by Shakespeare._
127.4 Put in the correct preposition: by, in, on or with.
1. Who is that man standing --- the window?
2. I managed to put the fire out --- a fire extinguisher.
3. The plane was badly damaged --- lightning.
4. These photographs were taken --- a friend of mine.
5. These photographs were taken --- a very good camera.
6. I don't mind going --- car but I don't want to go your car.
7. Shall we get a taxi or shall we go --- foot?
8. What's that music? I know it's --- Beethoven but I can't remember what it's called.
9. There was a small table --- the bed a lamp and a clock it.
10. Our team lost the game only because of a mistake --- one of our players.
127.5 Complete the sentences using by.
1. Clare's salary was 1,000 pounds a month. Now it is 1,100 pounds.
Her salary _has increased by 100 pounds a month._
2. My daily newspaper used to cost 50 pence. From today it costs 60 pence.
The price has gone up ---.
3. There was an election. Helen got 25 votes and Norman got 23.
Helen won ---.
4. I went to Kate's house to see her but she had gone out five minutes before I arrived.
I missed ---.
UNIT 128 Noun + preposition (reason for, cause of etc.)
A. Noun + for...
cheque FOR (a sum of money):
* They sent me a cheque for 75 pounds.
demand FOR/a need FOR ...:
* The firm closed down because there wasn't enough demand for its product.
* There's no excuse for behaviour like that. There's no need for it.
reason FOR ...:
* The train was late but nobody knew the reason for the delay. (not 'reason of)
B. Noun+ of...
an advantage/a disadvantage OF ...:
* The advantage of living alone is that you can do what you like.
but we usually say: 'there is an advantage in (or to) doing something':
* There are many advantages in (or to) living alone.
a cause OF ...:
* Nobody knows what the cause of the explosion was.
a photograph/a picture/a map/a plan/a drawing (etc.) OF ...:
* She showed me some photographs of her family.
* I had a map of the town, so I was able to find my way around.
C. Noun + in...
an increase/a decrease/a rise/a fall IN (prices etc.):
* There has been an increase in the number of road accidents recently.
* Last year was a bad year for the company. There was a big fall in sales.
D. Noun+ to ...
damage TO ...:
* The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage to the other car.
an invitation TO ... (a party/a wedding etc.):
* Did you get an invitation to the party?
a solution TO (a problem)/a key TO (a door)/an answer TO (a question)/a reply TO (a letter)/a reaction TO ...
* Do you think we'll find a solution to the problem? (not 'a solution of the problem')
* I was surprised at her reaction to my suggestion.
an attitude TO ... (or TOWARDS ...):
* His attitude to his Job is very negative. or His attitude towards his Job.
E. Noun + with .../between ...
a relationship/a connection/contact WITH ...:
* Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
* The police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.
but: a relationship/a connection/contact/a difference BETWEEN two things or people:
* The police believe that there is no connection between the two crimes.
* There are some differences between British and American English.
128.1 Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first.
1. What caused the explosion? What was the cause _of the explosion?_
2. We're trying to solve the problem. We're trying to find a solution ---.
3. Sue gets on well with her brother. Sue has a good relationship ---.
4. Prices have gone up a lot. There has been a big increase ---.
5. I don't know how to answer your question. I can't think of an answer ---.
6. I don't think that a new road is necessary. I don't think there is any need ---.
7. The number of people without jobs fell last month. Last month there was a fall ---.
8. Nobody wants to buy shoes like these any more. There is no demand ---.
9. In what way is your job different from mine? What is the difference ---?
128.2 Complete the sentences using one of the following nouns + the correct preposition.
cause connection invitation map reason damage contact key pictures reply
1. On the wall there were some pictures and a _map of_ the world.
2. Thank you for the --- your party next week.
3. Since she left home two years ago, she has had little --- her family.
4. I can't open this door. Have you got a --- the other door?
5. The --- the fire at the hotel last night is still unknown.
6. I wrote to Jim last week, but I still haven't received a --- my letter.
7. The two companies are completely independent. There is no --- them.
8. Jane showed me some old --- the city as it looked 100 years ago.
9. Carol has decided to give up her job. I don't know her --- doing this.
10. It wasn't a bad accident. The --- the car wasn't serious.
128.3 Complete the sentences with the correct preposition.
1. There are some differences _between_ British and American English.
2. Everything can be explained. There's a reason --- everything.
3. If I give you the camera, can you take a photograph --- me?
4. Money isn't the solution --- every problem.
5. There has been an increase --- the amount of traffic using this road.
6. When I opened the envelope, I was delighted to find a cheque --- 500 pounds.
7. The advantage --- having a car is that you don't have to rely on public transport.
8. There are many advantages --- being able to speak a foreign language.
9. When Paul left home, his attitude --- his parents seemed to change.
10. Bill and I used to be good friends but I don't have much contact --- him now.
11. There has been a sharp rise --- the cost of living in the past few years.
12. I'm sorry I haven't written to you for so long. The reason --- this is that I've been ill.
13. What was Emma's reaction --- the news?
14. Ken showed me a photograph --- the house where he lived as a child.
15. The company has rejected the workers' demands --- a rise pay.
16. What was the answer --- question 3 in the test?
17. The fact that Jane was offered a job has no connection --- the fact that her cousin is the managing director.
UNIT 129 Adjective + preposition (1)
A. It was nice of you to ...
nice/kind/good/generous/polite/silly/stupid etc. OF somebody (to do something):
* Thank you. It was very nice/kind of you to help me.
* It is stupid of her to go out without a coat in such cold weather.
but (be) nice/kind/good/generous/polite/friendly/cruel etc. TO somebody:
* They have always been very nice/kind to me. (not 'with me')
* Why were you so unfriendly to Tessa?
B. Adjective + about/with
angry/annoyed/furious ABOUT something
angry/annoyed/furious WITH somebody FOR doing something
* It's stupid to get angry about things that don't matter.
* Are you annoyed with me for being late?
excited/worried/upset/nervous/happy etc. ABOUT something:
* Are you excited about going on holiday next week?
* Carol is upset about not being invited to the party.
delighted/pleased/satisfied/disappointed WITH something:
* I was delighted with the present you gave me.
* Were you disappointed with your exam results?]
C. Adjective + at/by/with
surprised/shocked/amazed/astonished AT/BY something:
* Everybody was surprised at (or by) the news.
* I hope you weren't shocked by (or at) what I said.
impressed WITH/BY somebody/something:
* I'm very impressed with (or by) her English. It's very good.
fed up/bored WITH something:
* I don't enjoy my job any more. I'm fed up with it./I'm bored with it.]
D. sorry about/for
sorry ABOUT something:
* I'm sorry a out t e noise last night. We were having a party.
but usually sorry FOR doing something:
* I'm sorry for shouting at you yesterday.
You can also say 'I'm sorry I (did something)':
* I'm sorry I shouted at you yesterday.
We say 'to feel/to be sorry FOR somebody':
* I feel sorry for George. He has a lot of problems.]
129.1 Write sentences using nice of ..., kind of ... etc.
1. I went out in the cold without a coat.
2. Sue offered to drive me to the airport.
3. I needed money and Ian gave me some.
4. They didn't invite us to their party.
5. Can I help you with your luggage?
6. Kevin didn't thank me for the present.
7. They've had an argument and now they refuse to speak to each other.]
(silly) _That was silly of you._
(nice) That was --- her.
(generous) That ---.
(not very nice) That wasn't ---.
(very kind) --- you.
(not very polite) ---.
(a bit childish) ---.
129.2 Complete the sentences using one of the following adjectives + the correct preposition:
annoyed annoyed astonished bored excited impressed kind sorry
1. We're all _excited about_ going on holiday next week.
2. Thank you for all your help. You've been very --- me.
3. I wouldn't like to be in her position. I feel --- her.
4. What have I done wrong? Why are you --- me?
5. Why do you always get so --- little things?
6. I wasn't very --- the service in the restaurant. We had to wait ages before our food arrived.
7. John isn't happy at college. He says he's --- the course he's doing.
8. I had never seen so many people before. I was --- the crowds.
129.3 Put in the correct preposition.
1. I was delighted _with_ the present you gave me.
2. It was very nice --- you to do my shopping for me. Thank you very much.
3. Why are you always so rude --- your parents? Can't you be nice them?
4. It was a bit careless --- you to leave the door unlocked when you went out.
5. They didn't reply to our letter, which wasn't very polite --- them.
6. We always have the same food every day. I'm fed up --- it.
7. I can't understand people who are cruel --- animals.
8. We enjoyed our holiday, but we were a bit disappointed --- the hotel.
9. I was surprised --- the way he behaved. It was completely out of character.
10. I've been trying to learn Spanish but I'm not very satisfied --- my progress.
11. Linda doesn't look very well. I'm worried --- her.
12. Are you angry --- what happened?
13. I'm sorry --- what I said. I hope you're not angry --- me.
14. The people next door are furious --- us making so much noise last night.
15. Jill starts her new job next week. She's quite excited --- it.
16. I'm sorry --- the smell of paint in this room. I've just decorated it.
17. I was shocked --- what I saw. I'd never seen anything like it before.
18. The man we interviewed for the job was intelligent but we weren't very impressed --- his appearance.
19. Are you still upset --- what I said to you yesterday?
20. He said he was sorry --- the situation but there was nothing he could do.
21. I felt sorry --- the children when we went on holiday. It rained every day and they had to spend most of the time indoors.
UNIT 130 Adjective + preposition (2)
A. Adjective + of (1)
afraid/frightened/terrified/scared OF ...:
* 'Are you afraid of dogs?' 'Yes, I'm terrified of them.'
fond/proud/ashamed/jealous/envious OF ....:
* Why are you always so jealous of other people?
suspicious/critical/tolerant OF ...:
* He didn't trust me. He was suspicious of my intentions.
B. Adjective + of (2)
aware/conscious OF ...
* 'Did you know he was married?' 'No, I wasn't aware of that.'
capable/incapable OF ...
* I'm sure you are capable of passing the examination.
full OF./short OF ...
* The letter I wrote was full of mistakes. (not 'full with')
* I'm a bit short of money. Can you lend me some?
typical OF ...
* He's late again. It's typical of him to keep everybody waiting.
tired OF ...:
* Come on, let's go! I'm tired of waiting. (= I've had enough of waiting)
certain/sure OF or ABOUT ...:
* I think she's arriving this evening but I'm not sure of that. (or . sure about that.)
C. Adjective+ at/ to/ from/ in/ on/with /for
good/bad/excellent/brilliant/hopeless (etc.) AT ...:
* I'm not very good at repairing things. (not 'good in repairing things')
married/engaged TO ...:
* Linda is married to an American. (not 'married with')
but * Linda is married with three children. she is married and has three children)
similar TO ...:
* Your writing is similar to mine.
different FROM (or TO) ...:
* The film was different from what I'd expected. (or ... different to what I'd expected.)
interested IN ...:
* Are you interested in art?
keen ON ...:
* We stayed at home because Cathy wasn't very keen on going out.
dependent ON ... (but 'independent OF ...'):
* I don't want to be dependent on anybody.
crowded WITH (people etc.):
* The city centre was crowded with tourists. (but 'full of tourists')
famous FOR ...:
* The Italian city of Florence is famous for its art treasures.
responsible FOR ...:
* Who was responsible for all that noise last night?
130.1 Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first one.
1. There were lots of tourists in the city centre. The city centre was crowded _with tourists._
2. There was a lot of furniture in the room. The room was full ---.
3. I don't like sport very much. I'm not very keen ---.
4. We haven't got enough time. We're a bit short ---.
5. I'm not a very good tennis player. I'm not very good ---.
6. Catherine's husband is Russian. Catherine is married ---.
7. I don't trust Robert. I'm suspicious ---.
8. My problem is not the same as yours. My problem is different ---.
130.2 Complete the sentences with one of the following adjectives + the correct preposition:
afraid different interested proud responsible similar sure
1. I think she's arriving this evening but I'm not _sure of_ that.
2. Your camera is --- mine but it isn't exactly the same.
3. Don't worry. I'll look after you. There's nothing to be ---.
4. 'Do you want to watch the news on television?' 'No, I'm not --- the news.'
5. The editor is the person who is --- what appears in a newspaper.
6. Mrs Davis is a very keen gardener. She's very --- her garden and loves showing it to visitors.
7. I was surprised when I met her for the first time. She was --- what I expected.
130.3 Put in the correct preposition.
1. The letter I wrote was full _of_ mistakes.
2. My home town is not especially interesting. It's not famous --- anything.
3. Kate is very fond --- her younger brother.
4. I don't like going up ladders. I'm afraid --- heights.
5. You look bored. You don't seem 'interested --- what I'm saying.
6. Did you know that Liz is engaged --- a friend of mine?
7. I'm not ashamed --- what I did. In fact I'm quite proud --- it.
8. I suggested we should all go out for a meal but nobody else was keen --- the idea.
9. These days everybody is aware --- the dangers of smoking.
10. The station platform was crowded --- people waiting for the train.
11. She's much more successful than I am. Sometimes I feel a bit jealous --- her.
12. I'm tired --- doing the same thing every day. I need a change.
13. Do you know anyone who might be interested --- buying an old car?
14. We've got plenty to eat. The fridge is full --- food.
15. She is a very honest person. I don't think she is capable --- telling a lie.
16. I'm not surprised she changed her mind at the last moment. That's typical --- her.
17. Our house is similar --- yours. Perhaps yours is a bit larger.
18. John has no money of his own. He's totally dependent --- his parents.
130.4 Write sentences about yourself. Are you good at these things or not? Use:
brilliant very good quite good not very good hopeless
1. (repairing things) _I'm not very good at repairing things._
2. (telling jokes) ---.
3. (mathematics) ---.
4. (remembering names) ---.
UNIT 131 Verb + preposition (1) at and to
A. Verb + at
look/have a look/stare/glance (etc.) AT ...:
* Why are you looking at me like that?
laugh/smile AT ...:
* I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will laugh at me.
aim/point (something) AT..., shoot/fire (a gun) AT... (='in the direction of'):
* Don't point that knife at me. It's dangerous.
* We saw some people with guns shooting at birds.
B. Verb + to
talk/speak TO (somebody) ('with' is also possible but less usual):
* Who was that man you were talking to?
* Can I speak to Jane, please?
listen TO ...:
* We spent the evening listening to music. (not 'listening music')
write (a letter) TO ...:
* Sorry I haven't written to you for such a long time.
but phone/telephone somebody (no preposition):
* Did you phone your father yesterday? (not 'phone to your father')
invite (somebody) TO (a party/a wedding etc.):
* They only invited a few people to their wedding.
C. Some verbs can be followed by at or to, with a difference of meaning. For example:
shout AT somebody (when you are angry):
* She got very angry and started shouting at me.
shout TO somebody (so that they can bear you):
* She shouted to me from the other side of the street.
throw something AT somebody/something (in order to bit them):
* Somebody threw an egg at the minister.
throw something TO somebody (for somebody to catch):
* Judy shouted 'Catch!' and threw the keys to me from the window.
We say explain something (TO somebody):
* Can you explain this word to me? (not 'explain me this word')
also: 'explain (to somebody) that/what/how/why ...':
* I explained to them what I wanted them to do. (not 'I explained them')
Describe is similar:
* Let me describe to you what I saw.
Note that we say 'apologize TO somebody (for ...)':
* He apologized to me. (not 'He apologized me')
but 'thank somebody (for something)', 'ask somebody (for something)':
* He asked me for money. (not 'He asked to me')
131.1 Complete the sentences. Choose one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition:
explain invite laugh listen point glance speak throw throw write
1. I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will _laugh at_ me.
2. I don't understand what this means. Can you _explain_ it _to_ me?
3. I --- my watch to see what the time was.
4. We've been --- the party but unfortunately we can't go.
5. Please --- me! I've got something important to tell you.
6. Don't --- stones --- the birds! It's cruel.
7. If you don't want to eat that sandwich, --- it --- the birds. They'll eat it.
8. Sally and Kevin had an argument and now they're not --- one another.
9. I --- Joanna last week but she hasn't replied to my letter yet.
10. Be careful with those scissors! Don't --- them --- me!
131.2 Put in to or at where necessary.
1. They only invited a few people _to_ their wedding.
2. Look --- these flowers. Aren't they pretty?
3. Please don't shout --- me! Be nice to me!
4. I saw Sue as I was cycling along the road. I shouted --- her but she didn't hear me.
5. Don't listen --- what he says. He doesn't know what he's talking about.
6. Can I speak --- you for a moment? There's something I want to ask you.
7. Do you think I could have a look --- your newspaper, please?
8. I'm a bit lonely. I need somebody to talk ---.
9. She was so angry she threw a chair --- me.
10. The woman sitting opposite me on the train kept staring --- me.
131.3 You ask somebody to explain some things that you don't understand. Write sentences using explain (something) to me or explain to me (how/what ... etc.).
1. (I don't understand this word.) _Can you explain this word to me?_
2. (I don't understand what you mean.) _Can you explain to me what you mean?_
3. (I don't understand this question.) Can you explain ---.
4. (I don't understand the system.) Can ---.
5. (I don't understand how this machine works.) ---.
6. (I don't understand what your problem is.) ---.
131.4 Put in to where necessary. If the sentence is already complete, leave an empty space (-)
1. I know who she is but I've never spoken _to_ her.
2. George won't be able to help you, so there's no point in asking (-) him.
3. I like to listen --- the radio while I'm having breakfast.
4. We'd better phone --- the restaurant to reserve a table.
5. I apologized --- Bridget for the misunderstanding.
6. Don't forget to write --- me while you're away.
7. I thanked --- everybody for all the help they had given me.
8. I explained --- everybody what they had to do.
9. Mike described --- me how the accident happened.
10. I'd like to ask --- you some questions.
UNIT 132 Verb + preposition (2) about/for/of/after
A. Verb + about
talk ABOUT .../read ABOUT .../tell somebody ABOUT .../have a discussion ABOUT...
* We talked about a lot of things at the meeting.
but 'discuss something' (no preposition):
* We discussed a lot of things at the meeting. (not 'discussed about')
also: 'do something ABOUT something' (= do something to improve a bad situation):
* If you're worried about the problem, you should do something about it.
B. Care about, care for and take care of
care ABOUT somebody/something (= think that somebody/something is important):
* He's very selfish. He doesn't care about other people.
We say 'care what/where/how' (etc.) (without 'about'):
* You can do what you like. I don't care what you do.
care FOR somebody/something:
i) = like something (usually in questions and negative sentences):
* Would you care for a cup of coffee? (= Would you like ...?)
* I don't care for very hot weather. (= I don't like ...)
ii) = look after somebody:
* Albert is 85 and lives alone. He needs somebody to care for him.
take care OF ... (= look after):
* Have a nice holiday. Take care of yourself! (= look after yourself)
C. Verb + for
ask (somebody) FOR...
* I wrote to the company asking them for more information about the job.
but * I asked her a question./They asked me the way to the station. (no preposition)
apply (TO a person, a company etc.) FOR (a job etc.):
* I think this job would suit you. Why don't you apply for it?
wait FOR .../wait FOR something to happen:
* Don't wait for me. I'll join you later.
* I'm not going out yet. I'm waiting for the rain to stop.
search (a person/a place/a bag etc.) FOR ...:
* I've searched (the house) for my keys but I still can't find them.
leave (a place) FOR (another place):
* I haven't seen her since she left (home) for work this morning. (not 'left to work')
D. Look for and look after
look FOR ... (= search for, try to find):
* I've lost my keys. Can you help me to look for them?
look AFTER ... (= take care of):
* Albert is 85 and lives alone. He needs somebody to look after him. (not 'look for')
* You can borrow this book if you promise to look after it.
132.1 Put in the correct preposition. If no preposition is needed, leave the space empty (-)
1. I'm not going out yet. I'm waiting _for_ the rain to Stop.
2. You're always asking me --- money. Ask somebody else for a change.
3. I've applied --- a job at the factory. I don't know if I'll get it.
4. If I want a job at the factory, who do I apply ---?
5. I've searched everywhere --- John but I haven't been able to find him.
6. I don't want to talk --- what happened last night. Let's forget it.
7. I don't want to discuss --- what happened last night. Let's forget it.
8. We had an interesting discussion --- the problem but we didn't reach a decision.
9. We discussed --- the problem but we didn't reach a decision.
10. I don't want to go out yet. I'm waiting --- the post to arrive.
11. Keith and Sonia are touring Europe. They're in Rome at the moment, but tomorrow they leave --- Venice.
12. The roof of the house is in very bad condition. I think we ought to do something --- it.
13. We waited --- Jim for half an hour but he never came.
14. Tomorrow morning I have to catch a plane. I'm leaving my house --- the airport at 7.30.
132.2 Complete the sentences with one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + preposition:
apply ask do leave look search talk wait
1. Police are _searching for_ the man who escaped from prison.
2. We're still --- a reply to our letter. We haven't heard anything yet.
3. George likes his job but he doesn't --- it much.
4. When I'd finished my meal, I --- the waiter . the bill.
5. Kate is unemployed. She has --- several jobs but she hasn't had any luck.
6. If something is wrong, why don't you --- something it?
7. Linda's car is very old but it's in excellent condition. She --- it well.
8. Diane is from Boston but now she lives in Paris. She --- Boston --- Paris
when she was 19.
132.3 Put in the correct preposition after care. If no preposition is needed, leave the space empty (-)
1. He's very selfish. He doesn't care _about_ other people.
2. Are you hungry? Would you care --- something to eat?
3. She doesn't care --- the examination. She's not worried whether she passes or falls.
4. Please let me borrow your camera. I promise I'll take good care --- it.
5. 'Do you like this coat?' 'Not really. I don't care --- the colour.'
6. Don't worry about arranging our holiday. I'll take care --- that.
7. I want to have a good holiday. I don't care --- the cost.
8. I want to have a good holiday. I don't care --- how much it costs.
132.4 Complete the sentences with look for or look after. Use the correct form of look.
1. I _looked for_ my keys but I couldn't find them anywhere.
2. Kate is --- a job. I hope she finds one soon.
3. Who --- you when you were ill?
4. I'm --- Elizabeth. Have you seen her?
5. All the car parks were full, so we had to --- somewhere to park.
6. A baby-sitter is somebody who --- other people's children.
UNIT 133 Verb + preposition (3) about and of
Some verbs can be followed by about or of, usually with a difference of meaning:
A. dream ABOUT ...:
* I dreamt about you last night. (when I was asleep)
dream OF being something/doing something (= imagine):
* I often dream of being rich.
* 'Don't tell anyone what I said.' 'No, I wouldn't dream of it.' (=I would never do it)
B. hear ABOUT ... (= be told about something):
* Did you hear about the fight in the club on Saturday night?
hear OF ... (= know that somebody/something exists):
* 'Who is Tom Madely?' 'I've no idea. I've never heard of him.' (not 'heard from him')
Also: hear FROM ... (= receive a letter or phone call from somebody):
* 'Have you heard from Jane recently?' 'Yes, I got a letter from her a few days ago.'
C. think ABOUT ... and think OF ...
When you think ABOUT something, you consider it, you concentrate your mind on it:
* You look serious. What are you thinking about?
* 'Will you lend me the money?' 'I'll think about it.'
When you think OF something, the idea comes to your mind:
* He told me his name but I can't think of it now. (not 'think about it')
* That's a good idea. Why didn't I think of that? (not 'think about that')
We also use think of when we ask or give an opinion:
* 'What did you think of the film?' 'I didn't think much of it.'
The difference is sometimes very small. Often you can use of or about:
* When I'm alone, I often think of (or about) you.
You can say 'think of or think about doing something' (for possible future actions):
* My sister is thinking of (or about) going to Canada. (= she is considering it)
D. remind somebody ABOUT ... (= tell somebody not to forget):
* I'm glad you reminded me about the meeting. I had completely forgotten it.
remind somebody OF ... (= cause somebody to remember):
* This house reminds me of the one I lived in when I was a child.
* Look at this photograph of Richard. Who does he remind you of?
E. complain (TO somebody) ABOUT ... (= say that you are not satisfied):
* We complained to the manager of the restaurant about the food.
complain OF a pain, an illness etc. (= say that you have a pain etc.):
* We called the doctor because George was complaining of a pain in his stomach.
F. warn somebody OF/ABOUT a danger, something bad which might happen:
* Everybody has been warned of/about the dangers of smoking.
warn somebody ABOUT somebody/something which is dangerous, unusual etc.:
* I knew he was a strange person. I had been warned about him. (not 'warned of him')
* Vicky warned us about the traffic. She said it would be bad.
133.1 Put in the correct preposition.
1. Did you hear _about_ what happened at the party on Saturday?
2. '1 had a strange dream last night.' 'Did you? What did you dream ---?
3. Our neighbours complained --- us --- the noise we made last night.
4. Ken was complaining --- pains in his chest, so he went to the doctor.
5. I love this music. It reminds me --- a warm day in spring.
6. He loves his job. He thinks --- his job all the time, he dreams --- it, he talks --- it and I'm fed up with hearing --- it.
7. I tried to remember the name of the book but I couldn't think --- it.
8. Janet warned me --- the water. She said it wasn't safe to drink.
9. We warned our children --- the dangers of playing in the street.
133.2 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition:
complain dream hear remind remind remind think think warn
1. That's a good idea. Why didn't I _think of_ that?
2. Bill is never satisfied. He is always --- something.
3. I can't make a decision yet. I need time to --- your proposal.
4. Before you go into the house, I must --- you the dog. He is very aggressive sometimes, so be careful.
5. She's not a well-known singer. Not many people have --- her.
6. A: You wouldn't go away without telling me, would you?
B: Of course not. I wouldn't --- it.
7. I would have forgotten my appointment if Jane hadn't --- me --- it.
8. Do you see that man over there? Does he --- you --- anybody you know?
133.3 Complete the sentences using bear or heard + the correct preposition (about/of/from).
1. I've never _hear of_ Tom Madely. Who is he?
2. 'Did you --- the accident last night?' 'Yes, Vicky told me.'
3. Jill used to write to me quite often but I haven't --- her for ages now.
4. A: Have you --- a writer called William Hudson?
B: No, I don't think so. What sort of writer is he?
5. Thank you for your letter. It was good to --- you again.
6. 'Do you want to --- our holiday?' 'Not now. Tell me later.'
7. I live in a very small town in the north of England. You've probably never --- it.
133.4 Complete the sentences using think about or think of. Use the correct form of think.
1. You look serious. What are you _thinking about?_
2. I like to have time to make decisions. I like to --- things carefully.
3. He's a very selfish person. He only --- himself.
4. I don't know what to get Ann for her birthday. Can you --- anything?
5. A: I've finished reading the book you lent me.
B: Have you? What did you --- it? Did you like it?
6. We're --- going out for a meal this evening. Would you like to come?
7. I don't really want to go out with Ian tonight. I'll have to --- an excuse.
8. Carol is rather homesick. She's always --- her family back home.
9. When I was offered the job, I didn't accept immediately. I went away and --- it for a while. In the end I decided to take the job.
10. I don't --- much --- this coffee. It's like water.
UNIT 134 Verb + preposition (4) of/for/from/on
A. Verb + of
accuse/suspect somebody OF ...:
* Sue accused me of being selfish.
*Three students were suspected of cheating in the examination.
approve OF ...:
* His parents don't approve of what he does, but they can't stop him.
die OF (an illness):
* 'What did he die of?' 'A heart attack.'
consist OF ...:
* We had an enormous meal. It consisted of seven courses.
B. Verb + for
pay (somebody) FOR ...:
* I didn't have enough money to pay (the waiter) for the meal. (not 'pay the meal')
but 'pay a bill/a fine/a tax/a fare/rent/a sum of money etc. (no preposition):
* I didn't have enough money to pay my telephone bill.
thank/forgive somebody FOR ...:
* I'll never forgive them for what they did.
apologize (to somebody) FOR ...:
* When I realized I was wrong, I apologized (to them) for my mistake.
blame somebody/something FOR ...:
* Everybody blamed me for the accident.
also: 'somebody is to blame for ...':
* Everybody said that I was to blame for the accident.
also: blame something ON ...:
* Everybody blamed the accident on me.
C. Verb + from
Suffer FROM (an illness etc.):
* The number of people suffering from heart disease has increased.
protect somebody/something FROM (or AGAINST) ...:
* Sun oil can protect the skin from the sun. (or . against the sun.)
D. Verb + on
depend ON.../rely ON ...:
* 'What time will you arrive?' 'I don't know. It depends on the traffic.'
* You can rely on Jill. She always keeps her promises.
You can use depend + when/where/how etc. (question words) with or without on:
* 'Are you going to buy it?' 'It depends how much it is.' (or depends on how much) live ON (money/food):
* George's salary is very low. It isn't enough to live on.
congratulate (someone) ON .../compliment (somebody) ON ...
* I congratulated her on her success0 the exam.
134.1 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.
1. Sue said I was selfish. Sue accused me _of being selfish._
2. The misunderstanding was my fault, so I apologized.
I apologized ---.
3. She won the tournament, so I congratulated her.
I congratulated her ---.
4. He has enemies but he has a bodyguard to protect him.
He has a bodyguard to protect him ---.
5. There are 11 players in a football team.
A football team consists ---.
6. She eats only bread and eggs. She lives ---.
Complete the second sentence using for or on. (These sentences all have blame.)
7. Kay said that what happened was Jim's fault. Kay blamed Jim _for what happened._
8. You always say everything is my fault. You always blame me ---.
9. Do you think the economic crisis is the fault of the government?
Do you blame the government ---.
10. I think the increase in violent crime is because of television.
I blame the increase in ---.
Now rewrite sentences 9 and 10 using ... to blame for ...
11. (9) Do you think the government ---.
12. (10) I think that ---.
134.2 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition:
accuse apologize approve congratulate depend live pay
1. His parents don't _approve of_ what he does, but they can't stop him.
2. When you went to the theatre with Paul, who --- the tickets?
3. It's not very pleasant when you are --- something you didn't do.
4. 'Are you playing tennis tomorrow?' 'I hope so. It --- the weather.'
5. Things are very cheap there. You can --- very little money.
6. When I saw Dave, I --- him --- passing his driving test.
7. You were very rude to Fiona. Don't you think you should --- her?
134.3 Put in the correct preposition. If no preposition is necessary, leave the space empty (-)
1. Three students were suspected _of_ cheating in the examination.
2. Sally is often not well. She suffers --- very bad headaches.
3. You know that you can rely --- me if you ever need any help.
4. It is terrible that some people are dying --- hunger while others eat too much.
5. Are you going to apologize --- what you did?
6. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay --- the damage.
7. I didn't have enough money to pay --- the bill.
8. I complimented her --- her English. She spoke fluently and made very few mistakes.
9. She hasn't got a job. She depends --- her parents for money.
10. I don't know whether I'll go out tonight. It depends --- how I feel.
11. They wore warm clothes to protect themselves --- the cold.
12. The apartment consists --- three rooms, a kitchen and bathroom.
UNIT 135 Verb + preposition (5) in/into/with/to/on
A. Verb + in
believe IN ...
* Do you believe in God? (=do you believe that God exists?)
* I believe in saying what I think. (=I believe it is right to say what I think)
specialize IN ...
* Helen is a lawyer. She specializes in company law.
succeed IN ...
* I hope you succeed in finding the job you want.
B. Verb +into
break INTO ...
* Our house was broken into a few days ago but nothing was stolen.
crash/drive/bump/run INTO ...
* He lost control of the car and crashed into a wall.
divide/cut/split something INTO (two or more parts):
* The book is divided into three parts.
* Cut the meat into small pieces before frying it.
translate (a book etc.) FROM one language INTO another:
* George Orwell's books have been translated into many languages.
C. Verb + with
collide WITH ...
* There was an accident this morning. A bus collided with a car. (but 'crashed into') fill something WITH. (but full of.-see Unit 130B):
* Take this saucepan and fill it with water.
provide/supply somebody WITH...
* The school provides all its students with books.
D. Verb + to
happen TO ...:
* What happened to that gold watch you used to have? (= where is it now?)
prefer one thing/person TO another:
* I prefer tea to coffee.
E. Verb + on
concentrate ON ...:
* Don't look out of the window. Concentrate on your work.
insist ON ...:
* I wanted to go alone but they insisted on coming with me.
spend (money) ON ...:
* How much money do you spend on food each week?
135.1 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.
1. There was a collision between a bus and a car. A bus collided _with a car._
2. I don't mind big cities but I prefer small towns.
I prefer ---.
3. I got all the information I needed from Jill.
Jill provided me ---.
4. This morning I bought a pair of shoes which cost -'60.
This morning I spent ---.
135.2 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition:
believe concentrate divide drive fill happen insist succeed
1. I wanted to go alone but Sue _insisted on_ coming with me.
2. I haven't seen Harry for ages. I wonder what has --- him.
3. I was driving along when the car in front of me stopped suddenly. Unfortunately, I couldn't stop in time and --- the back of it.
4. It's a very large house. It's --- four flats.
5. I don't --- ghosts. I think people only imagine that they see them.
6. Steve gave me an empty bucket and told me to --- it --- water.
7. Don't try and do two things together --- one thing at a time.
8. It wasn't easy but in the end we --- finding a solution to the problem.
135.3 Put in the correct preposition.
1. The school provides all its students _with_ books.
2. A strange thing happened --- me a few days ago.
3. Mark decided to give up sport so that he could concentrate --- his studies.
4. I don't believe --- working very hard. It's not worth it.
5. My present job isn't wonderful, but I prefer it --- what I did before.
6. I hope you succeed --- getting what you want.
7. As I was coming out of the room, I collided --- somebody who was coming in.
8. There was an awful noise as the car crashed --- a tree.
9. Jim is a photographer. He specializes --- sports photography.
10. Do you spend much money --- clothes?
11. The country is divided --- six regions.
12. I prefer travelling by train --- driving. It's much more pleasant.
13. Somebody broke --- my car and stole the radio.
14. I felt quite cold but Peter insisted --- having the window open.
15. Some words are difficult to translate --- one language another.
16. What happened --- the money I lent you? What did you spend it?
17. The teacher decided to split the class --- four groups.
18. I filled the tank but unfortunately I filled it --- the wrong kind of petrol.
135.4 Use your own ideas to complete these sentences. Use a preposition.
1. I wanted to go out alone but my friend insisted _on coming with me._
2. I spend quite a lot of money ---.
3. I saw the accident. The car crashed ---.
4. Sarah prefers basketball ---.
5. Shakespeare's plays have been translated ---.
UNIT 136 Phrasal verbs (getup/ breakdown /fill in etc.)
A. We often use verbs with the following words:
in out on off up down away back round through about along over forward by
So you can say put out/get on/take off/run away etc. These verbs are phrasal verbs. We often use out/off/up etc. with verbs of movement. For example:
get on: * The bus was full. We couldn't get on.
drive off: * A woman got into the car and drove off.
come back: * Sally is leaving tomorrow and coming back on Saturday.
turn round: * When I touched him on the shoulder, he turned round.
But often the second word (out/off/up etc.) gives a special meaning to the verb. For example:
break down: * Sorry I'm late. The car broke down. (= the engine stopped working)
look out: * Look out! There's a car coming. (= be careful)
take off: * It was my first flight. I was nervous as the plane took off. (= went into the air)
get up: * I was very tired this morning. I couldn't get up. (= get out of bed)
get on: * How was the exam? How did you get on? (= how did you do?)
get by: * My French isn't very good but it's enough to get by. (= to manage)
B. Sometimes a phrasal verb is followed by a preposition. For example:
* Why did you run away from me?
* You're walking too fast. I can't keep up with you.
* Are you looking forward to your holiday?
* Jack is trying to cut down on smoking. (=reduce smoking)
C. Sometimes a phrasal verb has an object. Usually there are two possible positions for the object. So you can say:
I turned off _the light._(object) or I turned the light off.
If the object is a pronoun (it/them/me/him etc.), only one position is possible:
I turned it off. (not 'I turned off it')
Some more examples:
* Could you fill in this form?
* Could you fill this form in?
but They gave me a form and told me to fill it in. (not 'fill in it')
* The police got into the house by breaking down the door.
* The police got into the house by breaking the door down.
but The door wasn't locked. Why did the police break it down? (not 'break down it')
* I think I'll throw away these newspapers.
* I think I'll throw these newspapers away.
but Do you want these newspapers or shall I throw them away? (not 'throw away them')
* Don't wake up the baby.
* Don't wake the baby up.
but The baby is asleep. Don't wake her up. (not 'wake up her')
136.1 Complete the sentences using one of these phrasal verbs (in the correct form):
drop out (= stop taking part in something)
clear up (= become brighter-for weather)
move in (= start living in a house etc.)
close down (= go out of business)
show off (= show how clever you are)
doze off (= fall asleep)
turn up (= appear/arrive)
1. Sorry I'm late. The car _broke down_ on the way here.
2. I arranged to meet Jane after work last night but she didn't ---.
3. 'We've bought a new house.' 'Oh, have you? When are you ---?'
4. There used to be a shop at the end of the street but it --- a year ago.
5. I ran in a marathon last week but I wasn't fit enough. I --- after 15 kilometres.
6. We all know how wonderful you are. There's no need to ---.
7. I was very tired. I sat in an armchair and ---.
8. The weather is horrible at the moment, isn't it? I hope it --- later.
136.2 Complete the sentences using a word from List A and a word from List B. You need to use some words more than once.
A: away back forward on out up,
B: at of to with
1. You're walking too fast. I can't keep _up with_ you.
2. My holidays are nearly over. Next week I'll be --- work.
3. We've nearly run --- money. We've got very little left.
Date: 2015-12-11; view: 334