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1. Which is wrong here? The morphological system of a language reveals its properties through the morphemic structure of words. In studying the morpheme we actually study the word Morphology, as a part of grammatical theory, studies two segmental units: the morpheme and the word. The morpheme is indivisible into smaller segments. The word is an elementary component of the lexicon of language and cannot be used for the formation of the sentence.
2. Which type of sentence is irrelevant? Interrogative affirmative imperative declarative no right answer here
3. Which means subordination? Hypotaxis parataxis syndetic asyndetic diachronic
4. Which means coordination? Hypotaxis parataxis syndetic asyndetic diachronic
5. Which prevails among the following?   complex sentence compound sentence composite sentence clause no right answer here
6. Which constituent part of a language is irrelevant? the pholological system the historical system the lexical system the grammatical system no right answer here
7. Which part of speech relates to the Case system? Interjection verb pronoun article adjective
8. Which part of speech has the category of Aspect and Mood? Noun verb pronoun adverb adjective
9. Which part of speech has the category of Gender and Case? Noun pronoun adverb adjective preposition
10. Which part of speech has the category of Voice and Person? noun verb pronoun adverb adjective
11. Which part of speech has the categorial meaning of thingness or substance? modal word particle adjective pronoun noun
12. Which part of speech has the categorial meaning of process? Numeral particle conjunction adverb verb
13. Which part of speech has the categorial meaning of property? Pronoun noun adverb adjective article
14. Which part of speech has the categorial meaning of indication? modal word pronoun particle article adjective
15. Whichcriterion of parts of speech is wrong? Meaning form factor function no right answer here
16. Which criterion concerns the syntactic role of words in the sentence? Meaning form number function factor
17. Which criterion denotes inflexional and derivational (word-building) features? Meaning form number function factor
18. Which criterion deals with generalised meaning? Meaning form number function factor
19. Which feature of the verb is wrong? verbal categories of person verbal categories of mood verbal categories of voice verbal categories of tense verbal categories of case
20. Which part of speech is odd (irrelevant) here? modal word pronoun noun numeral adverb
21. What do we call verbirds? Aspects moods non-finites voices numbers
22. Which does not belong to verbids in English? past participle gerund present participle infinitive future participle
23. Which pair of criteria is not typical of the noun? animate and inanimate human and non-human reciprocal and reflexive proper and common countable and uncountable
24. Which case implies possessive case? Nominative dative accusative genitive possessive
25. Which case does NOT exist? Accusative nominative vocative dative correlative
26. Which noun is countable? Cattle information courage structure snow
27. Which noun cannot the indefinite article anyhow be used with? Water incident request noise function
28. Which tense is used for future planned (already settled) arrangements? future simple present simple future continuous present continuous future perfect
29. How many aspects are there in English? just 1
30. Which voice implies two voices in itself? Passive active reciprocal medial reflexive
31. Which mood is inappropriate in English? Subjunctive inspective indicative imperative no right answer here
32. Which part of speech has the category of being relative and qualitative? Noun adverb verb pronoun adjective
33. Which adjective loses its primary meaning if added the suffix ly? Beautiful hard sufficient slow tired
34. Which part of speech is most close to the adjective in its categorial characteristics? Noun adverb verb pronoun preposition
35. Which pattern demonstrates Future Continuous Tense? will be cooking will have cooked will cook will have been cooking will be cooked
36. Which pattern demonstrates Past Perfect? had read had being read was read was cooking cooked
37. Which pattern demonstrates Past Continuous? had being read had laughed laughed was laughing would have laughed
38. Which is not studied within theoretical grammar? word-formation of parts of speech syntactic role of parts of speech categorial meanings of parts of speech morphemic structure of the word notional and functional parts of speech
39. Which is not studied within theoretical grammar? syntactic role of parts of speech categorial meanings of parts of speech major and minor types of forming parts of speech morphemic structure of the word notional and functional parts of speech
40. Which are the two constituents of theoretical grammar? syntax and grammatical classes of words practical grammar and theoretical grammar morphology and syntax grammar rules and categories grammatical meanings and notions
41. Which means one of the two constituents of theoretical grammar? categorial meanings syntax clauses grammatical classes practical grammar
42. Which noun is countable here? Information furniture knowledge work peace
43. Which is the smallest unit? Word morpheme phoneme phrase clause
44. Which category studies the problems of perfect? Aspect tense article mood voice
45. The conjunctional means of combining clauses into sentences is called Diachronic synchronic syndetic asynchronic asyndetic
46. The non-conjunctional means of combining clauses into sentences is called Diachronic synchronic syndetic asynchronic asyndetic
47. Main and subordinate parts of a sentence are called Phrases sentences portions combinations clauses
48. Which of these scientists doesnt have manuals or textbooks in English Theoretical Grammar? B.Ilyish M.Blokh E.Morokhovskaya I.Ivanova I.Arnold
49. The author of the textbook Fundamentals of Theoretical Grammar is B.Ilyish M.Blokh E.Morokhovskaya I.Ivanova I.Arnold
50. The term grammar belongs to Latin Greek Old English Modern English French
51. The term grammar used to mean the art of talking the art of making up sentences the art of writing the art of reading the art of making up words
52. In modern science the term grammar is often compared with practical grammar theoretical grammar morphology syntax linguistics
53. Which of the following describes grammar rules? practical grammar theoretical grammar morphology syntax linguistics
54. Which of the following explains why there are grammar rules? practical grammar theoretical grammar morphology syntax linguistics
55. Which of the following deals with the language as a functional system? practical grammar theoretical grammar morphology syntax linguistics
56. Which cannot be called a linguistic unit? Word word group sign symbol relation
57. Which relation of a linguistic unit is wrong?   Pragmatic functional referential syntactic no right answer
58. Which approach in language analysis deals with the language in action? Pragmatic syntactic referential functional semiotic
59. Find the wrong statement.   Language certainly figures centrally in our lives. We discover our identity as individuals and social beings when we acquire it during childhood. Language serves as a means of cognition and communication. Language enables us to think for ourselves and cooperate with other people in our community. The pragmatic side of the language is not that important.
60. Which science studies the referential meaning of units? Semantics pragmatics morphology syntax semiotics
61. Formal relation of units to one another is studied by Semantics pragmatics morphology syntax semiotics
62. The study of the relationship between linguistic units and the users of those units is done by Semantics pragmatics morphology syntax semiotics
63. The relation between a unit and an object it defines is called Referential pragmatic functional syntactic semiotic
64. The inner relations between units are called Referential pragmatic functional syntactic semiotic
65. The relation between a unit and a person who uses it is called Referential pragmatic functional syntactic semiotic
66. Which relations of units can be called inner? Referential pragmatic functional syntactic semiotic
67. Which is one of the two main functions of any human language? communicative functional descriptive demonstrative referential
68. . Which function is also called representative? communicative functional expressive demonstrative referential
69. If we say that linguistic signs are of semiotic nature, we mean they are open and closed clear and evident unknown and difficult to understand old and new informative and meaningful
70. Which example is different from the others? Code Morse traffic lights computer language Brailles alphabet English language
71. Which semiotic system is universal and natural for all people? Code Morse traffic lights computer language Brailles alphabet English language
72. Which semiotic system does not depend on the sphere of usage? Code Morse traffic lights computer language Brailles alphabet English language
73. What do we call a hierarchical layering of parts? System structure subordination dependence function
74. Which of the following means a complex object made up of separate parts? System structure subordination dependence function
75. In the structure of a language there are main structural levels.
76. What is the phonological level unit? Morpheme phoneme word word group sentence
77. Which statement about language and speech is wrong? Language is a collective body of knowledge. Language is a set of basic elements, but these elements can form a great variety of combinations. Speech is closely connected with language, as it is the result of using the language. Language is the result of a definite act of speaking. Speech is individual, personal while language is common for all individuals.
78. Find the wrong comparison from the linguistic point of view. text / discourse sentence / utterance word / word group phoneme / sound language unit / speech unit
79. Which is wrong here? The morphological system of a language reveals its properties through the morphemic structure of words. In studying the morpheme we actually study the word. Morphology, as a part of grammatical theory, studies two segmental units: the morpheme and the word. The morpheme is indivisible into smaller segments. The word is an elementary component of the lexicon of language and cannot be used for the formation of the sentence.
80. The meaning that belongs to the whole class or a subclass is called implicit explicit lexical grammatical referential
81. The individual meaning of any word is implicit explicit lexical grammatical referential
82. The grammatical meaning of thingness belongs to noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
83. The part of speech which has the ability to denote quality of qualities is called noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
84. Find the word which is devoid of any lexical meaning and possesses the grammatical meaning only. love must develop form able
85. Which cannot be called a function word? pronoun article interjection particle preposition
86. Which meaning is not expressed formally? implicit explicit lexical grammatical referential
87. Which meaning is always marked morphologically? implicit explicit lexical grammatical referential
88. The grammatical meaning of plurality in the word cats demonstrates implicit meaning explicit meaning lexical meaning grammatical meaning referential meaning
89. The explicit grammatical meaning of passiveness (is asked) demonstrates implicit meaning explicit meaning lexical meaning grammatical meaning referential meaning
90. The oppositions transitivity/intransitivity, terminativeness/non-terminativeness, stativeness/non-stativeness determine noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
91. The oppositions contableness/uncountableness and animateness/inanimateness determine noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
92. The category of voice is realized in noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
93. The number category is realized in noun verb adjective adverb pronoun
94. Which kind of meaning is predominant? general explicit grammatical dependent implicit
95. The grammatical category of case characterizes preposition verb adverb adjective noun
96. What do we call mutually exclusive form-classes? transpositions neutralizations marked members oppositions unmarked members
97. Show analytic means of realisation of grammatical categories. He is a lion. He is coming tomorrow. beautiful more beautiful near nearer no right answer here
98. Show synthetic means of realisation of grammatical categories. He is a lion. He is coming tomorrow. beautiful more beautiful near nearer no right answer here
99. The use of a linguistic unit in an unusual environment or in the function that is not characteristic of it is called transposition neutralization controversy opposition distribution
100. The reduction of the opposition to one of its members is called transposition neutralization controversy opposition distribution
101. Which approach to the problem of classification of parts of speech is also called logical-inflectional? Complex   functional classical distributional referential
102. Which approach to the problem of classification of parts of speech is based on Latin grammar? Complex   functional classical distributional referential
103. Which approach to the problem of classification of parts of speech simply divides them into declinable and indeclinable? Complex   functional classical distributional referential
104. In the classical approach adverbs belong to declinable parts of speech indeclinable parts of speech functional parts of speech nominative parts of speech particles
105. Henry Sweet is the father of complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
106. In the functional approach adverbs belong to declinable parts of speech indeclinable parts of speech functional parts of speech nominative parts of speech particles
107. Which approach of classification of parts of speech is based on differences in morphological forms? complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
108. The ability of words to combine with other words of different types is the basis for complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
109. Charles Fries is the father of complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
110. Which approach states that structural signals of sentences are enough to classify their members? complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
111. How many classes of words are there in distributional approach?
112. How many form-classes are there in distributional approach?
113. Which approach singles out up to 13 different parts of speech? complex approach   functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
114. Which classification first paid attention to some peculiarities of function words? complex classification functional classification classical classification distributional classification referential classification
115. Which is not a criterion in modern approach of classifying parts of speech? Functional semantic nominative formal no right answer here
116. The semantic criterion presupposes the relation of parts of speech in the process of speaking the connotational and denotational characteristics of parts of speech the syntactic function of words in the sentence and their combinability relevant grammatical categories, the form of the words, their specific inflectional and derivational features the grammatical meaning of the whole class of words
117. The formal criterion reveals the relation of parts of speech in the process of speaking the connotational and denotational characteristics of parts of speech the syntactic function of words in the sentence and their combinability relevant grammatical categories, the form of the words, their specific inflectional and derivational features the grammatical meaning of the whole class of words
118. The functional criterion concerns the relation of parts of speech in the process of speaking the connotational and denotational characteristics of parts of speech the syntactic function of words in the sentence and their combinability relevant grammatical categories, the form of the words, their specific inflectional and derivational features the grammatical meaning of the whole class of words
119. Function words are also called complex words semantic words formal words notional words grammatical words
120. Which is the notional part of speech? numerals conjunctions modal words articles particles
121. Which is functional part of speech? Adverbs modal verb adjectives pronouns numerals
122. Which approach divides parts of speech into notion words and function words? complex approach functional approach classical approach distributional approach referential approach
123. Which meaning is predominant in notional words? implicit explicit referential lexical grammatical
124. Which meaning dominates in function words? implicit explicit referential lexical grammatical

Date: 2015-12-11; view: 239


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