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I AM A UNIVERSITY STUDENT


UNIT 1

 

THE WORLD A PART OF WHICH YOU HAVE BECOME

‘To achieve the goal you need to be going.’

 

You are already acquainted with the etiquette of interaction and know how to communicate in formal and informal situations. Now you are going to learn how to communicate effectively in academic situations. This Part provides you with understanding of the notion ‘university’ and introduces the University Community to you. We, the authors of this Part, are members of this Community, just as you are now, and that is why we were so overwhelmed while writing this Part. We joined this community in the early 70s, first learning to understand and appreciate its values as students, and later as teachers and researchers. You certainly agree that basic university values are timeless and universal which makes them important for students of all generations.

Now you are a university student, which means that you have joined the global university community. You have received a privilege to get to know it by using a foreign language and knowledge of a different language culture.

The Part consists of three units. Each is subdivided into sections that teach some definite skills: how to build up your own vocabulary on the topic, how to read different kinds of texts, how to communicate, to verbalize and discuss problems. A new thing for you is to build the skills of research work together with the skills of effective learning at a university level (effective learning strategies). You will learn how to read and render (review) educational and research texts, find out key words and make summaries, how to specify objects and subject-matters of your research or any other educational activity, how to set objectives and aims of your study or research together with finding the proper methods for their achievement.

You already know that to have a good command of a foreign language for communicating with a foreigner is not just to know a certain amount of words and grammar rules. You cannot be an effective communicator without understanding the situations of communication and the communities you interact with. Thus, to study at university and to communicate with university people you need to know this particular community and its rules of interaction.

You will have opportunities to use your creative thinking and social abilities while working on the projects offered at the end of each topic. Together with your groupmates you will be searching for the answers to different questions during your classes. Looking for the best solution of the problem, you will make presentations of your joint verbal and written communicative products, have role plays and simulate communicative situations.

Turn over this page and open the door to our university world.

You will learn here:

 

· that university is a special world that defines (äèêòóåò) specific communicative patterns and communication style;

· how to grasp and render texts about your new world;



· about university, faculty and chair structures;

· how to name participants of the university community.

You will be able to:

· collect and use the vocabulary on the topic;

· read, understand and render mini-texts on the topic;

· read and understand tables and charts;

· find the necessary information in the texts about the university community;

· speak on the structure of your faculty and university;

· get information and exchange it in different communicative situations of university interaction.

 

The total number of active vocabulary (words and phrases) on the topic to be collected by students is about 60.


 

ΠVocabulary building

 

Ñ1.1. Listen to the dialogues and simultaneously look through them marking their order. Where could they take place?

 

¹ 1 (…)

 

– Hi, Jane! What a surprise to see you here on campus! I bet you are a student already.

– Hi, Kate! You are right. I’ve entered the Information and Communication Department of the Institute of Journalism, this year. How about you?

– Oh, I am doing my third year here, at the university. By the way, I study in a similar department; the only difference is that mine is in the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences. Anyway, they have classes in the same building so we’ll see each other quite often.

– Sounds great! And what do you major in?

–PR management.

– Me too. After graduation I am planning to work in advertising business so I specialize in this field.

 

¹ 2 (…)

 

– Excuse me, I’m not quite sure how to get to the Department of International Affairs. I am from Poland, actually, and I am here on the Erasmus program. Could you help me, please?

– Sure. You should go to the administrative part of this building. The office is on the ground floor, room 110. Turn to the left, go down the stairs and then turn to the right. Ask for the Erasmus coordinator.

– Thank you! That’s very helpful.

– Good luck!

 

¹ 3 (…)

 

– Andrew, do you have any idea what classes we are having tomorrow?

– Colloquium on argumentation, first class in the morning.

– Oh, no! I’ve quite forgotten about the colloquium. I am afraid I won’t be ready for it. I haven’t done any reading yet. It just couldn’t be worse.

– How come?

– You know, I’ve lost my Xerox copy of the timetable and mixed up some classes.

– That’s not good. Do you want me to send you our time-table by e-mail? I can do it tonight when I am home after the classes.

– That’ll be great, thank you so much.

 

¹ 4 (…)

 

– Good morning, Professor. I am calling to find out whether we are gathering in the Dean’s Office today for our Academic Council session.

– Morning, colleague. In fact, today we are having a joint meeting of the Academic Council and Students’ Association and our library staff in two hours. We are meeting this time in room 119, which can fit us all.

– Thank you. Sorry for bothering you.

– You are welcome!

 

¹ 5 (…)

 

– Any plans for tonight, Steve?

– Nothing special. It looks like I can relax a bit. And what about you?

– Oh, I’ve got a huge assignment. I doubt if I’ll manage to prepare it for tomorrow.

– Oh, dear. Is it really so much?

– Yes, tomorrow we are having English. I have words to learn and a text to render and I must tell you this text is really difficult to grasp. When I first looked it over, I could hardly make any head or tail of what it’s all about. I need to work with it. Plus I need to be ready for making a group presentation, and I cannot find any material on the Internet. So I’ll have to look for the sources in the library.

¹ 6 (…)

 

– Bon appétit, Mike. How’s it going?

– Today it’s been the first time that I gave students a twenty-minute lecture in the course of my scientific supervisor. Have you already had any experience in lecturing?

– Of course, I have. This is a usual thing for a second year post-grad.

– Do you find it difficult to do?

– I really enjoyed it. The lecture I gave was on the same topic as my postgraduate paper. There were several situations when I didn’t feel comfortable, though. The students asked me tricky questions, you know, and I had to use all my expertise not to fail.

1.2. While working on the dialogues above you have come across conversational phrases like I bet, by the way, etc. id you have any difficulty in understanding them? If this is the case, go to Supplementary Material. Vocabulary Focus. Suggested Vocabulary Section. (p. ….).

1.3. Do you know that prepositions used after verbs can change their meaning? Such verbs are called phrasal verbs (look for is not the same as look). If you need to refresh your knowledge about them, go to Supplementary Material. Vocabulary Focus. Phrasal Verbs Section (p. ….).

 

1.4. You may have noticed that in the dialogues above communicants used a lot of phrases referring to Future. If you need to refresh your knowledge on Future Tenses, go to Supplementary Material. Grammar Focus. Future Tenses Section (p. ….).

1.5. In Appendix A read what Vocabulary Map is and build such a map centered around the idea or theme “University” using the material of the dialogues you’ve just read.

University
…………… …………… …………… ……………
…………… …………… …………… ……………  



Ñ1.6. Read the dialogues and define the communicative situation (who is talking, with whom, where, when, and on what occasion).

Dialogue No Addresser (who) Addressee (with whom) Time (when) Place (where) Situation (on what occasion)
         
         
         
         
         
         

 

Ñ1.7. What aspects of the university life can you find in the dialogues?

work in the library  
research activity  
students’ homework  
  …  
university levels of education and job positions
the way studying process is organized  
place of studying  
exam session  
academic staff work  
students social activity organization  
getting a diploma  
international cooperation  


1.8. Read an extract from the vocabulary entry ‘School’. It is taken from Roget’s Thesaurus of English words and expression. Discuss why all these words appeared under the same headline.

 

þ Roget’s Thesaurus of English words and expression was published in 1852. The articles in this dictionary are organized not in a narrative way (not as texts in its general understanding), but by grouping the whole vocabulary of the English language semantically and thematically.

The article ‘School’ in its full scope is given in Appendix B. There you’ll also read about the way each vocabulary article is organized.

539 School

N. academy, institute, educational i.; college, lyceum, gymnasium, senior secondary school; conservatoire, ballet school, art s., academy of dramatic art; correspondence college; university, campus; polytechnic, poly; alma mater, old school, groves of academy.


1.9. If you were asked to write a dictionary entry “School” for a Russian- or Belarusian-language thesaurus, which words would you include?

11.10. Think what the university is for you and present your associations in separate lines

3 adjectives_________________________________________;

2 verbs________________________________________________;

1 noun___________________________________________________;

1 word expression or phrase ____________________________________.

1.8. Compare your associations in groups, find out words you have in common.

 Reading and rendering the text

 

Rendering:

‘1) representing in verbal form, depicting;

2) giving an interpretation or rendition of something;

3) expressing in another language or form; translating.’

(Render. (2009). In Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/render[1])

2.1. Think why we call universities ‘higher educational establishments’. Read the definition of the word ‘university’ taken from Encyclopaedic dictionary and say if the words ‘higher educational establishments’ represent the notion ‘university’ fully enough.

“Universities are higher educational establishments and research institutions in which the whole set of courses that form the basis of scientific knowledge is being studied. U. trains specialists for different branches of economy, science, culture, and carry out research activities. A distinguished trait of u. is their thirst to closely connect education and research”.

2.2. Render the text without trying to learn it by heart. Are you happy with the result of your rendering?

2.3. Read Appendix B on Cognitive Map. Find out how easy it is to retell the text if you base your retelling on its cognitive map. Discuss it in the classroom.

2.4. Read texts 1 and 2, draw Cognitive Maps for them and render the texts with the help of the Cognitive Maps build by you.

 

Text 1

 

In the Middle Ages with the help of the word ‘universitas’ (in Latin ‘sets of universus’ that is holistic combination of many) different communities were called, such as comradeships, merchants‘ guilds, trade-production shops etc. On analogy other newly appearing communities, such as open schools started to be called ‘universitas magistrorum et scholarium’ (as corporation) of teachers and students); and only with time the educational establishments started to be called u. first ‘studium’ school, then ‘stadium generale’ or general school; the attribute ‘generale’ pointed out at the international character of an educational establishment; later the term started to mean the curriclum of higher schools which unites the whole set of sciences (‘universitas literarum’).

 

(Smirnov, S.A. Russian higher school: on the way to new institutions

Retrieved from: http://www.antropolog.ru/doc/persons/smirnov/smirnov17)

 

Text 2

 

University institution of higher education, usually comprising a liberal arts and sciences college, graduate and professional schools and having the authority to confer degrees in various fields of study. A university differs from a college in that it is usually larger, has a broader curriculum, and offers graduate and professional degrees in addition to undergraduate degrees.

 

 


Ž Reading charts and tables

A Chart is

· a simple outline map on which information can be plotted or written.

· a sheet giving information in the form of diagrams, tables and illustrations.

 

(Chart. In Webster’s New World of the American Language)

A Table is

· a compact, systematic list of details, contents, etc.;

· a compact arrangement of related facts, figures, values, etc. in orderly sequence, and usually in rows and columns, for convenience;

· a reference as the multiplication table.

 

(Table. In Webster’s New World of the American Language)

Ñ3.1. Read the charts presented below:

1) the structure[2] of Vilnius University

2) the structure of the Belarusian State University

3) the structure of the Faculty

Draw your own ñhart on four level structure of the university as a higher educational establishment.


RECTOR (Rector’s Office)
Vice-Rector for hospitals and clinics
Staff Administration
Finance Administration
Vice-Rector for Administrative Affairs
Department of Strategic Development
Vice-Rectorfor Science
Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs
Vice-Rectorfor Strategic Development
Academic Administration Program
Department ???of Science  
Department of Information & Public Relations
Department of International Relations & Programs
Department of Internal Audit
Department of Public??????
Department of Dormitories and Apartments
Administrative Affairs Administration
Legal Affairs Administration
Department of Doctoral Studies

 

 


Chart 1. The Structure of Vilnius University

 

Chart 2. The Structure of the Belarusian State University

Chart 3. Faculty Structure

 

13.2. Using your chart as a Semantic Map (see Appendix C) and charts 1 – 3 as Vocabulary Map to retell who works and studies at the university. If you need to refresh your knowledge on how names of professions and jobs are formed, go to Supplementary Material, Grammar Focus. Noun forming Suffixes Section (p…..).

3.3. Examine Chart 4 and comment on a possible career of a student, if one chooses the academic field. Use the following structure in your comments:

If a student continues writes defends … } …, s/he’ll get become … }

TEACHING CAREER
Professor
Professor
Professor
Associate Professor
Senior Lecturer
Lecturer/Assistant
RESEARCH CAREER  
Correspondent Member of the Academy of Sciences
Doctor of Sciences (habilitated) /Full professor
PhD / Candidate of Sciences
Master of Arts/Science
Bachelor Arts/Science
Academician

 


Chart 4. Academic Career

 

² 3.4. Listen to and repeat after the speaker the names of sciences registered by academician structures (Table 1) and fill the right column of the table with the names of the faculties at which these sciences are studied at your university.

Table 1

Codes – names of sciences Names of faculties
01.00.00 – Physical and mathematical, sciences; 02.00.00 – Chemical sciences; 03.00.00 – Biological sciences; 05.00.00 – Technical sciences 06.00.00 – Agricultural sciences 07.00.00 – Historical sciences 08.00.00 – Economic sciences 09.00.00 – Philosophical sciences 10.00.00 – Philological sciences 12.00.00 – Juridical sciences 13.00.00 – Pedagogical sciences 14.00.00 – Medical sciences 15.00.00 – Pharmaceutical sciences 16.00.00 – Veterinary sciences 17.00.00 – Art criticism 18.00.00 – Architecture 19.00.00 – Psychological sciences 22.00.00 – Sociological sciences 23.00.00 – Political sciences 24.00.00 – Cultural studies 25.00.00 – Earth sciences  

3.5. Each of sciences has a definite code of majors. Find a proof that specializations presented in Table 2 belong to philological sciences.

Table 2

Codes – names of philological specializations
10.01.01 – Belarusian literature; 10.01.02 – Russian literature; 10.01.03 – Foreign literature; 10.01.08 – Theory of literature; Textology; 10.01.09 – Folklore studies; 10.01.10 – Journalism; 10.02.01 – Belarusian language 10.02.02 – Russian language 10.02.03 – Slavic languages 10.02.04 – Germanic languages 10.02.05 – Romanic languages 10.02.19 – Language theory 10.02.20 – Historical, Typological and Contrastive 10.02.21 – Applied and Mathematical Linguistics

 Searching for information and interacting in university space

 

Ñ 4.1. Look through four informational texts on the university world (pages 104– 107) and match them with the following headlines: Announcement, Office Hours of University Administration, (Induction) Timetable, Studies Programme. (Do it very quickly as you are given five 5 minutes at maximum).

INFORMATIONAL TEXTS

¹ 1:

…?

 

 

¹ Position/Department Room Office Hours
Rector Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15
Post-graduate Department Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15
Accommodation Department Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15
Labour and Salary Department Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15
International Affairs Department Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15
Personnel Management Department Monday –Friday: 8.30– 13.00, 14.00– 17.15

 

¹ 2:

…?

1st year

1st term

 

Code Discipline Credit Points Academic work Credit
  L T S PT Lab Pr  
ÀÍËI1113 Literature of the Antiquity           E
ÂßÇ2113 Introduction into Linguistics       E
ÑÐß2113 Contemporary Russian E
ÊËß1113 Classic Languages (Latin, Greek)           C
ÂÑÏ2113 Introduction into Specialisation         E
  Optional discipline (S1)              
ÈÃÐI2123 History and Geography of Russia E
×ÖÐ2123 Features of Russian Civilization         E
 
  Total:              
                               

 

 

2nd year

3rd term

 

 

Êîä Discipline Credit Points Academic work Credit
Ñàíäà L T S PT Lab Pr
ÈÐß1113 The Russian Language History           E
ÀËÒV2113 Literary Text Analysis         E
ÑÐß2213 Contemporary Russian     E
ÑÏß1213 Seminar on Linguistics         E
ÇË1113 Foreign Literature (medieval times – part 1 of XIX century.)       E
  Optional Discipline (a foreign language)           C
Optional discipline   E
  Total:              
                     

 

L – lectures, T – tutorials, S – seminars, PT – practical training, Lab – laboratory work, Pr – practice, E – examination, C – credit

 

…?

¹ 3:

...?

SOCIOLOGY

2009/0

 

Monday 21st – Friday 25th September 2009

 

Date Time Activity Room
21/09/09 09.00 – 10.00 Registration Levels 3+4 Refectory (University Building)
  10.30 – 11.30 Vice Chancellor’s Speech (optional)   Oliver Thompson Lecture Theatre (Tait Building)
  14.30 – 15.30 School of Social Sciences Induction Oliver Thompson Lecture Theatre (Tait Building)
  15.30 – 17.00 Reception for all Undergraduate Students Oliver Thompson Theatre Foyer (Tait Building)
       
22/09/09 N/A None – self study day N/A
       
23/09/09 09.30 – 12.00 Introduction to the Department of Sociology D111/112/113 (Social Sciences Building)
  13.00 – 15.00 City Space Inductions D518 (Social Sciences Building)
       
24/09/09 10.00 – 12.00 Studying Sociology session   D111/112/113 (Social Sciences Building)
  13.00 – 15.00 Meeting with Personal Tutor / Module Choice selection Various (Social Sciences Building)
       
25/09/09 10.00– 12.00 Language Placement Test* (optional) D104 (Social Sciences Building)

 

* On Wednesday morning, you will be divided into groups for an IT session on Wednesday afternoon.

** Please note: If you are considering taking a language as an optional module, you will need to attend a placement test to assess your level of competence. These take place between 10.00 and 12.00 on Friday, 25th September in Room D104, Social Sciences Building.

All First Year Students are expected to attend EVERY session on Monday, Wednesday and Thursday.

http://www.city.ac.uk/social/dps/2009-2010/BSc%20Sociology%20induction%20schedules.doc.


¹ 4: …?

 

  University Folk Theatre is looking for talents!   If you want to know more about song and dance culture of your country, learn to dance and sing and see the world with our theatre, join us! Enrollment on Fridays, 6:00 7:30 p.m., Main Building, Room 123

 


Ñ 4.2. Which of informational texts from task 4.1. do you need, if:

· you want to find your friend on Wednesday at 2 p.m. and you know that he must be studying at that time at the university;

· you want to join your university theater (debate club, etc).

· you want to become a dormitory resident;

· you are a 2nd year student and want to know how many subjects (courses) you can choose;

· you want to know how many credits you’ll get for the elective course.

 

14.3. Get acquainted with the study programme of your major and make a list of subjects which you are studying this academic year.

14.4. Write your timetable in English.

4.5. Recall the announcements you have read recently in your university (faculty, institute). Share the information you have received with your classmates in English.

4.6. Read the General Note about proper communication patterns accepted in university surroundings.

 

General Note:

If you talk to a person who works at the university (a dean, a head of the department, a lecturer, an office employee, an administrator) introduce yourself first (say your name, surname, faculty, year, group), second, formulate your question clearly, third, ask specifying questions if you don’t understand the answer and, finally, before leaving, thank them for the information you have been given. Before you enter any university office to ask a question, verbalize your question to yourself.

^ 4.7. Act out communicative situations given below.

¹ Forms of greetings and self-representation (What are you? What is your addressee?) The problem   Specifying questions from one of the sides
student ’ student the origin of the word “university” What is an etymological dictionary?
student ’ student how to prepare a text summary What is a cognitive map?
student ’ an employee at the Department of International Affairs how to apply for becoming a participant of the Erasmus program What is the country, language and terms of the program?
student ’ an employee at the Department of International Affairs the number of the credits for chosen courses in the Erasmus program Which course, (compulsory or elective)?
student ’ an employee at the Dean’s Office change the group What is the reason for changing?
student ’ an employee at the Chair search for the teacher Why do you need her/him?


 1 Project work

1. Split into groups working on topics (a) ‘The Structure of Your Faculty’ or (b) ‘The Structure of a Faculty Chair’. Choose the addressee and the form of presentation by yourselves (Panel, Collage, Power Point).

2. If you want to work individually, interview somebody from your university on the topic ‘What university means to you’. Present the interview in English in a written form (printed). Do not forget to include relevant information about your interviewee.

‘ Check yourself!

 

Ñ6.1. Do four tasks to check how well you have learned the vocabulary:

Task 1. Write words associated with the following University world notions:

Teacher - , lesson - , pupil - , class - , quarter - , director - .

Task 2. Write the names of professions (activities) of those who…

 

(a) work at a university Chair and

(b) work on university diplomas

Task 3. Build verb+ noun constructions starting with the following verbs and choosing the right preposition after the verb (if any):

 

To specialize (in, on) …; to major (in, -) …; to carry (out, -) …; to enter (into, - )… .; to be (in, on) campus; to pass colloquium (in, on) …; to be (in, on) the Erasmus program (in, at), to take a course on/in, to do research in /on/into, to apply for/to, to participate in/on, train in/on.

 

Task 4. Write one sentence using no fewer than 10 words from the active vocabulary of Topic 1. Use as many subordinate clauses as possible. How long can it be?

Ñ6.2. Choose one the following texts, build a Cognitive Map for it and render the text with its help.

 

Text 1

Faculty (from Latin ‘facultas’ – possibility, capability) – a part of the higher educational establishment, where a certain cycle of adjoining scientific courses is being taught. F. is an educational-organizational part of a higher educational establishment which unites chairs (departments) that trains students and postgraduates on a number of related courses.

 

(! Note that in the USA universities ‘faculty’ means ‘teachers’).

 

Text 2

 

Rector (in Latin ‘rector’ – ruler, leader from ‘rego’ – I reign) – the head of the university and a number of other higher educational establishments. The r. is appointed to lead all activities of the university or other higher educational institution including curricula and programs functioning and planning of research activities. The r. is a chairperson at the meetings of the Scientific Council of the university and approves its decisions.

 

Ñ6.3. Are the following messages adequately verbalized? If not, correct them.

¹ Situation Expression Your answer
At the Rector`s Office:   à) Hello, I would like to move from Philological Faculty to the Institute of Journalism.  
b) Good afternoon. I’m from the Warsaw University. I’m Professor Tsybulsky. I was asked to bring you the papers on our universities.    
At the Chair:   à) Good afternoon, could you tell me, please, when professor Maslow comes?    
b) Hello, I need to talk to my English teacher. Sorry, I can’t remember his name. He is middle-aged, with a short haircut and he usually wears glasses.    
Taken from a conversation: à) Our faculty trains in Journalism, Editorship and Management.    
b) We can study the Basics of International Journalism, Editorship and foreign languages at our faculty.    
Taken from an Announcement: Today, 15th of September, University Academic Council is held at the Chair of Communication.  
At the International Programs Centre: Good afternoon, I’m Victor Novick, a second year student of the Institute of Journalism. I’d like to submit an application for training at the Madrid University.    

 

Ñ6.4. Speak about the university with the help of the Semantic Map. It would be a good idea if you record your version, listen to the recording and evaluate it.

The University
Sciences
Studying Process forms
Structure
People

Ñ6.5. The informational text below gives statistics on Moscow State University. Can it be an article in a newspaper? If yes, in what kind of newspaper and under what title?

  …………………..?  
23 faculties; 11 research institutes; 323 chairs; 59 departments; 15 educational and research centers; 4 museums; Scientific library (9,000,000 books) Editorial and publishing house; Botanical garden; 20,268 university staff; 39,035 students and postgraduates; 4,307 educational staff; 4,801 research staff; 2,322 doctors of sciences (full professors); 5,478 candidate of sciences (PhD); 167 academicians and correspond-member of the Academy of Sciences; 130 academicians and correspond-member of research academies in production; 8 dormitories for 12,142 places; Cultural Center; 3 health establishments (hospitals and rest houses); 4 kindergartens and nursery; Sport complex; ANNUALLY: About 3,500 graduates of 44 specialisations of higher professional education; About 1,000 graduates of 181 qualifications 10,000 scientific publications in the country journals or abroad; 7,000 report thesis for conferences; about 180 PhD thesis; more than 80 Doctor of Sciences papers (full professor’s); 350 monographies; 150 collections of research articles;   500 textbooks and manuals; More than one million items of study and scientific equipment and devices.  

6.6. Fill in the Self-Assessment Checklist:

Use the following symbols:

 

In column 3 (Importance): ! it’s important for me !! it`s especially important for me In column 4 (My assessment): ü I know and I can do it ü ü I know it very well and I can do it easily

 

80% of ticks mean that you have coped with the topic successfully.

 

SELF ASSESMENT CHECKLIST

 

¹ I have learnt/I know Importance My Assessment Teacher’s Assessment (points)
words on the topic that are enough for initial communication      
what university is, how it functions and how it is structured      
names of the university courses      
university academic degrees and positions      
patterns of communication      

 

 

¹ I can   Importance My Assessment Teacher’s Assessment (points)
communicate in some situations in the Chair, Dean's Office, Centre of International Programmes employees      
find core textual information (themes/rhemes) and render texts in a flexible way (not depending on its initial line)      
read and understand schemes and tables      
present my University      
find necessary information in informational texts on the topic      

 


 


[1] There exists a certain number of citation standards such as MLA style (the Modern Language Association Method) APA style (American Psychology Association style), The Columbia Style, etc. In this book we use APA style as the one of the most commonly used standards. If you want to know more about this style or are asked to use APA style, the book to consult is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). It contains guidelines for every aspect of writing, especially in the social sciences (e.g. how to avoid plagiarism, construct accurate reference citations, etc.).

[2] There exist different traditions in presenting structural elements of the university. In particular, such one as a faculty, department, chair. In our book the widest notion is a faculty with a dean as a head of it. Different departments train students in different professions and specialization. Chairs organize the teaching staff for training of the students of their departments and so do faculties. For example, the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences has four departments (philosophy, social communication, psychology, and sociology). There are five chairs – the Chair of Philosophy and Methodology of Science, Philosophy of Culture, Sociology, Psychology, Social Communication. Besides, there are chairs that do not affiliate to faculty directly, such as Chairs of Foreign Languages (English, German, etc.), the Chair of Physical Education, the Chair of Pedagogy. These Chairs train students of different Faculties simultaneously.


Date: 2015-04-20; view: 640


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